Language and Music in Optimality Theory Dicky Gilbers & Maartje Schreuder

4/8/02


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Table of Contents

Language and Music in Optimality Theory Dicky Gilbers & Maartje Schreuder

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Jackendoff and Lerdahl

A Generative Theory of Tonal Music

A Generative Theory of Tonal Music (Lerdahl & Jackendoff, 1983)

Preference Rules

Optimality Theory (Prince & Smolensky 1993)

Potentially Conflicting, Soft Constraints

Example

Conflicting Constraints

Conflicting Constraints

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Prosodic Construction of a Phrase

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Comparison preference rules 1

Arguments for trochaic feet

Comparison preference rules 2

Comparison preference rules

Comparison preference rules

Comparison preference rules

Tonic - Dominant - Subdominant

Time-span reduction

Conflict

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Assumption: insights from music theory can help us to describe some problematic cases of rhythmic variability in phonology

Music: Re-/misinterpretation of rhythm in accelerated or sloppy playing

Language: Re-/misinterpretation of rhythm in accelerated or sloppy speaking

Language: Re-/misinterpretation of rhythm in accelerated or sloppy speaking

Language: Re-/misinterpretation of rhythm in accelerated or sloppy speaking

Language: Re-/misinterpretation of rhythm in accelerated or sloppy speaking

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Author: Gilbers & Schreuder

Email: gilbers@let.rug.nl

Home Page: http://www.let.rug.nl/~gilbers

Handout 6 slides per page (PDF)