Aliaga, Nueva Ecija

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Municipality of Aliaga
Municipal Hall
Municipal Hall
Official seal of Aliaga
Map of Nueva Ecija with Aliaga highlighted
Map of Nueva Ecija with Aliaga highlighted
Aliaga is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°29′56″N 120°50′28″E / 15.498797°N 120.841036°E / 15.498797; 120.841036Coordinates: 15°29′56″N 120°50′28″E / 15.498797°N 120.841036°E / 15.498797; 120.841036
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Luzon (Region III)
ProvinceNueva Ecija
District1st District
Barangays26 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorDavid Angelo R. Vargas
 • Vice MayorErwin Dyan D. Javaluyas
 • CongressmanEstrellita B. Suansing
 • Electorate44,283 voters (2019)
 • Total90.04 km2 (34.76 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total63,543
 • Density710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
DemonymsAliagueño (Male),
Aliagueña (Female),
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)44
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Income class2nd municipal income class
Revenue (₱)122,930,267.80 (2016)
Native languagesTagalog

Aliaga, officially the Municipality of Aliaga, is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 63,543 people.[3]

Formerly it was called Pulung Bibit and Maynilang Munti (Little Manila). The First mayor is Aneceto Pere.

It has a comparatively cool and healthful climate, and is situated about midway between the Pampanga Grande and the Pampanga Chico rivers, in a large and fertile valley. Historically, the principal products were mostly agricultural such as rice, tomato, eggplant, squash.[4]

Tagalog and Ilocano are the most important and the major languages of the municipality.

(DETAILED version)

History has it that Aliaga was originally called “Pulong Bibit” because it was a dumping place for human skeletons. Upon its establishment as a town in February 8, 1849 it was name after Aliaga, a town in Spain and the birth place of its first governadorcillo, Don Aniceto Ferry. With Ilocanos as its first inhabitants, Aliaga was one of the most beautiful and progressive town in Nueva Ecija during Spanish regime. The town of Zaragoza, Quezon, and Licab were formerly barrios of Aliaga, It had fine roads, long lines of bazaars, an imposing Catholic Church, a beautiful public plaza etc. For this reason, it earn the name “Maynilang Munti” (little Manila). But in 1873, during the administration of Governadorcillo Don Anastacio Dimaliwat, there occurred an unusual strong typhoon followed by a big flood that wrought to building, roads, bridges, farm crops, etc. In 1878, Don Alejandro Santiago was then the Governadorcillo, the river which served as drainage of town was closed by frequent floods. As a sad result, the water changed its course. It flooded the town year in and out. Because of the annual floods Aliaga came to be known as the “Venice of Nueva Ecija”. After the flood, the sand and dust in the street was almost knee deep. Hence, the name Sahara Desert of the Philippines". The floods deposited several inches of mountain soil to the town each year, so much that the buildings were gradually buried.


Aliaga is politically subdivided into 26 barangays.

  • Betes
  • Bibiclat
  • Bucot
  • La Purisima
  • Magsaysay
  • Macabucod
  • Pantoc
  • Poblacion Centro
  • Poblacion East I
  • Poblacion East II
  • Poblacion West III
  • Poblacion West IV
  • San Carlos
  • San Emiliano
  • San Eustacio
  • San Felipe Bata
  • San Felipe Matanda
  • San Juan
  • San Pablo Bata
  • San Pablo Matanda
  • Santa Monica
  • Santiago
  • Santo Rosario
  • Santo Tomas
  • Sunson
  • Umangan


Population census of Aliaga
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 11,950—    
1918 12,703+0.41%
1939 15,149+0.84%
1948 12,594−2.03%
1960 18,759+3.38%
1970 24,449+2.68%
1975 28,290+2.97%
1980 32,349+2.72%
1990 40,425+2.25%
1995 45,815+2.37%
2000 50,004+1.89%
2007 61,270+2.84%
2010 57,805−2.10%
2015 63,543+1.82%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

Art and Culture[edit]

The Taong Putik Festival is an annual feast held every 24 June. It is a religious festival celebrated by the locals and devotees to pay homage to San Juan Bautista on his feast day by wearing costumes patterned to his attire. The taong putik (Filipino term) soak themselves in mud and cover their body with dried banana leaves and visit houses or ask people for alms in a form of candle or money to buy candles which they offer for Saint John the Baptist to celebrate his feast day.

Sister cities[edit]


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Nueva Ecija". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Aliaga". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 661.
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. ^ "Province of Nueva Ecija". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External links[edit]