Chief of the Albanian General Staff

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Chief of the General Staff
Shef i Shtabit të Përgjithshëm
Emblem of the Albanian General Staff.svg
Emblem of the Albanian General Staff
Bardhyl Kollcaku (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Brigadier General
Bardhyl Kollçaku

since 28 October 2017
Member ofAlbanian General Staff
AppointerPresident of Albania
Formation4 May 1913
First holderLt. Colonel Ali Shefqet Shkupi

The Chief of the General Staff (Albanian: Shef i Shtabit të Përgjithshëm) is the chief of the General Staff and Albanian Armed Forces. The chief of staff is appointed by the President of Albania, who is the commander-in-chief. The position dates back to the Provisional Government of Albania. The current Chief of the General Staff is Brigadier General Bardhyl Kollçaku

List of chiefs of the general staff[edit]

The Provisional Government of Albania and the Principality of Albania[edit]

Date of term's end is based on start of successor's term.

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office Ref
1
Ali Shefqet Shkupi
Shkupi, Ali ShefqetLieutenant Colonel
Ali Shefqet Shkupi
(1883–1953)
4 May 1913November 19207 years, 5 months[1]
2
Ali Riza Kolonja
Kolonja, Ali RizaBrigadier General
Ali Riza Kolonja
(1880–1930)
November 1920December 19211 year, 1 month[1]
3
Xhavid Leskoviku
Leskoviku, XhavidMajor
Xhavid Leskoviku
(1882–1945?)
December 1921June 19231 year, 6 months[1]
4
Bajram Fevziu
Fevziu, BajramMajor
Bajram Fevziu
(1884–1928)
Term ended with dissolution of the Ministry of War
June 192324 December 19241 year, 6 months[1]

The Albanian Republic and the Albanian Kingdom[edit]

In 1925, Prime Minister Ahmet Zogolli created a new constitution for Albania, forming the Albanian Republic. On 1 September 1928, Zogolli amended the constitution, dissolved parliament, and proclaimed himself King, creating the Albanian Kingdom. The Kingdom collapsed following the Italian invasion of Albania.

Albanian National Army
Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office President of Albania Ref
5
Gustav von Myrdacz
von Myrdacz, GustavDivisional General
Gustav von Myrdacz
(1874–1945)
18 January 19251 September 19283 years, 227 daysAhmet Zogolli[1]
Royal Albanian Army
Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office King of Albania Ref
(5)
Gustav von Myrdacz
von Myrdacz, GustavGeneral
Gustav von Myrdacz
(1874–1945)
1 September 19287 April 193910 years, 218 daysZog I of Albania[1]

Communist Era[edit]

The following individuals served during the era of communism in Albania, serving the National Liberation Movement, the Democratic Government of Albania, and the People's Socialist Republic of Albania. In this time, the powers of Commander-in-chief were held by the First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania.

Albanian National Liberation Army
Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office First Secretary Ref
6
Spiro Moisiu
Moisiu, SpiroMajor General
Spiro Moisiu
(1900–1981)
10 July 194324 May 1944319 daysEnver Hoxha[1]
Albanian People's Army
Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office First Secretary Ref
(6)
Spiro Moisiu
Moisiu, SpiroMajor General
Spiro Moisiu
(1900–1981)
[a]
24 May 1944August 19462 years, 2 monthsEnver Hoxha[1]
7
Mehmet Shehu
Shehu, MehmetColonel General
Mehmet Shehu
(1900–1981)
August 194628 January 19481 year, 5 monthsEnver Hoxha[1]
8
Beqir Balluku
Balluku, BeqirLieutenant General
Beqir Balluku
(1917–1974)
[b]
28 January 194819523–4 yearsEnver Hoxha[1][citation needed]
9
Petrit Dume
Dume, PetritLieutenant General
Petrit Dume
(1920–1975)
195219541–2 yearsEnver Hoxha[1][citation needed]
10
Arif Mema Hasko
Hasko, Arif MemaLieutenant General
Arif Mema Hasko
195419561–2 yearsEnver Hoxha[1][citation needed]
(9)
Petrit Dume
Dume, PetritLieutenant General
Petrit Dume
(1920–1975)
[c][d]
1956July 197417–18 yearsEnver Hoxha[1][citation needed]
11
Sami Meçollari
Meçollari, SamiSami Meçollari
(born 1937)
July 1974December 19745 monthsEnver Hoxha[1][citation needed]
12
Veli Llakaj [sq]
Llakaj, VeliVeli Llakaj [sq]
(born 1935)
December 197413 October 19827 years, 10 monthsEnver Hoxha[1]
13
Kiço Mustaqi
Mustaqi, KiçoKiço Mustaqi
(born 1938)
13 October 1982February 19918 years, 3 monthsEnver Hoxha
(1941 – 1985)
Ramiz Alia
(1985 – 1991)
[1]

Republic of Albania[edit]

The following individuals served following the fall of Communism in Albania and the formation of the Republic of Albania. The new Albanian constitution shifted the powers of Commander in Chief to the newly formed office of the President of Albania.

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office President of Albania Ref
14
Halim Abazi
Abazi, HalimColonel
Halim Abazi
(born 1944)
February 1991June 19914 monthsRamiz Alia[1]
15
Kostaq Karoli
Karoli, KostaqGeneral
Kostaq Karoli
(born 1945)
June 1991August 19921 year, 2 monthsRamiz Alia
(1991 – 1992)
Kastriot Islami
(1992 – 1992)
Pjetër Arbnori
(1992 – 1992)
Sali Berisha
(1992 – 1997)
[1]
16
Ilia Vasho
Vasho, IliaGeneral
Ilia Vasho
(born 1944)
August 199219941–2 yearsSali Berisha[1]
17
Sheme Kosovo
Kosovo, ShemeGeneral
Sheme Kosovo
(born 1949)
[e]
19942 March 19972–3 yearsSali Berisha[1]
18
Adem Çopani
Çopani, AdemMajor General
Adem Çopani
(born 1944)
[f]
2 March 1997August 19971 year, 2 monthsSali Berisha
(1992 – 1997)
Rexhep Meidani
(1997 – 2002)
[1]
19
Aleks Andoni
Andoni, AleksBrigadier General
Aleks Andoni
(born 1956)
September 199720002–3 yearsRexhep Meidani[1]
20
Pëllumb Qazimi
Qazimi, PëllumbGeneral
Pëllumb Qazimi
(born 1957)
200020065–6 yearsRexhep Meidani
(1997 – 2002)
Alfred Moisiu
(2002 – 2007)
[1]
21
Luan Hoxha
Hoxha, LuanLieutenant General
Luan Hoxha
(born 1960)
October 2006June 20081 year, 8 monthsAlfred Moisiu
(2002 – 2007)
Bamir Topi
(2007 – 2012)
[1]
22
Maksim Malaj
Malaj, MaksimMajor General
Maksim Malaj
(born 1958)
June 20088 August 20113 years, 2 monthsBamir Topi[1]
23
Xhemal Gjunkshi
Gjunkshi, XhemalMajor General
Xhemal Gjunkshi
(born 1963)
8 August 20118 November 20132 years, 92 daysBamir Topi
(2007 – 2012)
Bujar Nishani
(2012 – 2017)
[1][2]
24
Jeronim Bazo
Bazo, JeronimMajor General
Jeronim Bazo
(born 1960)
8 November 2013January 20173 years, 1 monthBamir Topi[3]
25
Bardhyl Kollçaku
Kollçaku, BardhylBrigadier General
Bardhyl Kollçaku
(born 1967)
28 October 2017Incumbent1 year, 260 daysIlir Meta.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Became Chief of the General Staff following the Congress of Përmet.
  2. ^ Executed for high treason in 1974.
  3. ^ On 1 May 1966, military ranks were abolished in the Albanian Armed Forces, following the example of the Chinese People's Liberation Army. In 1991 the rank system was reestablished under President Ramiz Alia.
  4. ^ Dismissed and executed for high treason in 1975.
  5. ^ Dismissed following the Albanian Rebellion of 1997.
  6. ^ Served during the Albanian Rebellion of 1997.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z "Former CHODs". Albanian Armed Forces. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
  2. ^ "Presidenti Nishani dekreton lirimin nga detyra të Shefit të Shtabit të Përgjithshëm të Forcave të Armatosura të Republikës së Shqipërisë, Gjeneral Major Xhemal Gjunkshi" [President Nishani decrees the dismissal of the Chief of General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Albania, Major General Xhemal Gjunkshi] (in Albanian). President of Albania. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  3. ^ "Chief of General Staff of Albanian Armed Forces". Albanian Armed Forces. Archived from the original on 18 March 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2016.

External links[edit]