Edward Livingston (speaker)

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Edward Livingston
District Attorney of Albany County
In office
June 14, 1825 – March 27, 1838
Preceded byBenjamin F. Butler
Succeeded byRufus W. Peckham
Speaker of the New York State Assembly
In office
January 3, 1837 – December 31, 1837
Preceded byCharles Humphrey
Succeeded byLuther Bradish
Member of the New York State Assembly for Albany Co.
In office
January 1, 1837 – December 31, 1837
Serving with Richard Kimmey
Abraham Verplanck
Preceded byDaniel Dorman
John C. Schuyler
William Seymour
Succeeded byDaniel D. Barnard
Edmund Raynsford
Paul Settle
In office
January 1, 1835 – December 31, 1835
Serving with Tobias T. E. Waldron
Henry G. Wheaton (did not claim seat)
David G. Seger (replaced Wheaton)
Preceded byAaron Livingston
Barent P. Staats
Prentice Williams Jr.
Succeeded byDaniel Dorman
John C. Schuyler
William Seymour
In office
January 1, 1833 – December 31, 1833
Serving with Jacob Settle
Israel Shear
Preceded byAbijah C. Disbrow
Philip Lennebacker
William Seymour
Succeeded byAaron Livingston
Barent P. Staats
Prentice Williams Jr.
Clerk of the New York State Assembly
In office
January 3, 1826 – January 1, 1828
Preceded byHoratio Merchant
Succeeded byFrancis Seger
In office
January 2, 1822 – January 4, 1825
Preceded byDirck L. Vanderheyden
Succeeded byHoratio Merchant
Personal details
Born(1796-04-03)April 3, 1796
Dutchess County, New York, U.S.
DiedJune 12, 1840(1840-06-12) (aged 44)
Albany, New York, U.S.
Resting placeAlbany Rural Cemetery, Menands, New York
Political partyJacksonian, Democrat
Sarah Ray Lansing
(m. 1819; his death 1840)
ParentsPhilip Henry Livingston
Maria Livingston
RelativesSee Livingston family

Edward Livingston (April 3, 1796 Dutchess County, New York – June 16, 1840 Albany, New York) was an American attorney and politician. He served as Clerk and Speaker of the New York State Assembly.

Early life[edit]

He was the son of Philip Henry Livingston (1769–1831) and Maria Livingston (1770–1828).[1] His paternal uncle was Edward Philip Livingston (1779–1843), the Lieutenant Governor of New York,[2][3] and his maternal uncles were Henry Walter Livingston (1768–1810), a U.S. Representative, and Robert Fulton (1765–1815), an engineer who developed a successful steamboat that ferried passengers from New York City to Albany and back again and invented the first practical submarine in history.[4][5]

His paternal grandfather was Philip Philip Livingston (1741–1787),[6] who was born in colonial New York and had settled in Jamaica, West Indies prior to the Revolutionary War, therefore remaining a British subject.[2][7] Philip Philip's father, Philip Livingston (1716–1778), supported the patriot cause prior to the revolution, and as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress signed the Declaration of Independence. He was married to Christina Ten Broeck (1718-1801), the sister of Abraham Ten Broeck (1734-1810) who was married to Elizabeth Van Rensselaer, sister of Stephen Van Rensselaer II, patroon of Rensselaerwyck.[2]

His maternal grandparents were Walter Livingston (1740–1797),[8] the 1st Speaker of the New York State Assembly, and Cornelia Schuyler (1746–1822), the granddaughter of Pieter Schuyler. Walter was the son of Robert Livingston (1708–1790), 3rd Lord of Livingston Manor. His paternal great-grandfather, Philip was the younger brother of his maternal great-grandfather, Robert.[2]


He was Clerk of the New York State Assembly in 1822, 1823, 1824, 1826 and 1827, following Dirck L. Vanderheyden and serving from January 2, 1822 until January 4, 1825 when Horatio Merchant became Clerk. Livingston again served, replacing Merchant, beginning on January 3, 1826 until January 1, 1828 when Francis Seger, who later became a member of the New York State Senate, took over.[9]

Livingston served as District Attorney of Albany County from June 14, 1825 to March 27, 1838.

Speaker of the New York Assembly[edit]

He was a member of the New York State Assembly representing Albany Co., in 1833, 1835 and 1837, and was Speaker in 1837,[9] serving alongside Charles Humphrey.[10]

At the conclusion of the session where he was Speaker and which was his last public office, the House presented their thanks to Livingston "for the able, dignified and impartial manner in which he has presided over its deliberations." In response, Livingston replied:[11]

The flattering compliment which you have awarded to my efforts to subserve the public interests, by unanimously declaring that my conduct as your presiding officer merits approbation, is the reward for which I have labored, and its bestowment will ever be cherished by me with grateful recollections.

The time of this session has been engrossed with much business of a local nature, and with many propositions and laws of a general character, in the disposition of which, questions of great public concernment, were involved. That we have had an active agency in maturing and passing many laws of a local character, which the wants of the community demanded, cannot be denied. Upon questions in which the people at large have expressed an interest, the Assembly has pronounced its judgment upon most, if not all the leading topics to which their attention has been called. More of public law than is usually adopted at any session of the Legislature, will be found to have passed into enactments; whether for good or evil, will be determined by our constituents, to whose judgment, I doubt not, we are all alike willing to submit with perfect cheerfulness. As the diversified claims of our large population for legislative aid annually increase, it is a matter of congratulation that we are enabled to adjourn at an earlier period than the Legislature of last year. This is a high testimony in favor of your industry and devotion to the public business.

In discharging the duties of the station to which your partiality called me, I have been much aided by your strict attention to business, and by your liberal support of the Chair. To your indulgence in overlooking the many errors into which I may have been betrayed, I feel much indebted; and I assure you that is has been my constant study, in return for favors received, to endeavor to discharge with strict impartiality the delicate and difficult duties confided to me. In a few moments we shall part, probably never again to assemble together within these walls. This thought excites painful emotions in my bosom; and my regrets at parting deepen when I cast my eyes on your familiar faces, and perceive that your kind sensibilities are in unison with mine. I trust that a protecting Providence will watch over and restore you to your friends in health; and that your further progress in life may be happy, will ever be one of the choicest wishes of my heart. Fellow-members, farewell.[12]

Personal life[edit]

In 1819, he was married to Sarah Ray Lansing (1797–1848), the daughter of Cornelia (née Ray) Lansing (1757–1834) and John Ten Eyck Lansing, Jr. (1754–1829), the former Speaker of the New York State Assembly and Chancellor of New York from 1801 to 1814.[13][14] Her sister, Jane Lansing (1785–1871) was married to U.S. Representative Rensselaer Westerlo (1776–1851), and sister Frances Lansing (1791–1855) was married to Jacob Livingston Sutherland (1788–1845). Together, they were the parents of:[13]

  • Maria Lansing Livingston, who died unmarried[13]
  • Cornelia Lansing Livingston (1821–1854), who died unmarried[13]
  • Frances "Fanny" S. Livingston, who died unmarried[13]
  • Sarah Lansing Livingston (1824–1843), who died unmarried[13]
  • Philip Henry Livingston (1828–1913), who died unmarried[13]
  • John Lansing Livingston (1830–1904), who died unmarried in Paris, France,[15] and was a member of the Union Club.[16]
  • Edward Livingston (1834–1906),[17][18] who was prominent in New York Society and a member of the Union Club and the Metropolitan Club and lived at 17 East 34th Street,[16][19] and who married Fanny Hazeltine, of Boston.[13][20]

Livingston died June 16, 1840 in Albany, New York. He was buried at Albany Rural Cemetery.[21]


Through his son, Edward Livingston,[22][14] he was the grandfather of Clarisse Hazeltine Livingston,[23][24] who made her debut in 1887,[25] and Edward Livingston, Jr. (b. 1871),[26] who graduated from Harvard in 1893 and Columbia University Law School in 1896.[16][27][28][29]


  1. ^ Mackenzie, George Norbury (1917). Colonial Families of the United States of America: In which is Given the History, Genealogy and Armorial Bearings of Colonial Families who Settled in the American Colonies from the Time of the Settlement of Jamestown, 13th May, 1607, to the Battle of Lexington, 19th April, 1775. Grafton Press. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Livingston, Edwin Brockholst (1910). The Livingstons of Livingston Manor: Being the History of that Branch of the Scottish House of Callendar which Settled in the English Province of New York During the Reign of Charles the Second; and Also Including an Account of Robert Livingston of Albany, "The Nephew," a Settler in the Same Province and His Principal Descendants. Knickerbocker Press. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  3. ^ Henry Reed Stiles, ed. (1886). The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. p. 85.
  4. ^ American Treasures of the Library of Congress: "Fulton's Submarine"
  5. ^ Best, Nicholas (2005). Trafalgar: The Untold Story of the Greatest Sea Battle in History. London: Phoenix. ISBN 0-7538-2095-1.
  6. ^ Hamilton, Alexander; Syrett, Harold Coffin (1979). The Papers of Alexander Hamilton. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231089258. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  7. ^ McLachlan, James (March 8, 2015). Princetonians, 1748-1768: A Biographical Dictionary. Princeton University Press. ISBN 9781400870776. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  8. ^ "LIVINGSTON, Walter - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  9. ^ a b Hough, Franklin B. (1858). The New York civil list: containing the names and origin of the civil divisions, and the names and dates of election or appointment of the principal state and county officers from the Revolution to the present time. Albany: Weed, Parsons and Co. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  10. ^ "Charles Humphrey Papers, 1810-1849". nysl.nysed.gov. New York State Library. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  11. ^ Assembly, New York (State) Legislature (1837). Journal of the Assembly of the State of New York at Their Sixtieth Session. E. Croswell, Printer to the State. p. 645. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  12. ^ Journal of the Assembly of the State of New York at Their Sixtieth Session, p. 1302-1303.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h Talcott, Sebastian V. (October 1, 2001). Genealogical Notes Of New York And New England Families. Heritage Books. pp. 146–147. ISBN 9780788419560. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  14. ^ a b Times, Special To The New York (5 August 1935). "NOTES OF 1787 CITE STATES' RIGHT FEAR; Records Just Brought to Light at Princeton Show Trends at Constitutional Parley". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  15. ^ "Obituary -- Livingston". The New York Times. 10 January 1904. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  16. ^ a b c "Heard in the Smoking Room". The New York Times. 17 January 1904. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  17. ^ "Falls Dead on Friend's Veranda". The New York Times. 19 December 1906. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  18. ^ "Edward Livingston papers". archives.nypl.org. The New York Public Library Archives & Manuscripts. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  19. ^ Social Register, Summer. Social Register Association. 1907. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  20. ^ Times, Special To The New York (19 October 1905). "RUN DOWN, LEFT TO DROWN.; Edward Livingston and Dr. Edward L. Keyes Barely Escape". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  21. ^ Edward Livingston at Find a Grave
  22. ^ "Obituary 1 -- LIVINGSTON". The New York Times. 20 December 1906. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  23. ^ "Leases East 52d Street Residence". The New York Times. 16 April 1930. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  24. ^ "Leases Putnam County Estate". The New York Times. 28 May 1932. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  25. ^ "MAKING HER BOW TO SOCIETY.; MISS CLARISSE LIVINGSTON'S DEBUT AND A BALL AT DELMONICO'S". The New York Times. 13 December 1887. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  26. ^ 1893, Harvard College (1780-) Class of (1895). Secretary's Fifth Report. Crimson Printing Company. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  27. ^ University, Columbia (1912). Catalogue of Officers and Graduates of Columbia University from the Foundation of King's College in 1754. Columbia University. p. 499. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  28. ^ 1893, Harvard College (1780-) Class of (1899). Record of the Class of 1893. Harvard University Press. p. 96. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  29. ^ "WHAT IS DOING IN SOCIETY". The New York Times. 14 October 1902. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
Government offices
Preceded by
Dirck L. Vanderheyden
Clerk of the New York State Assembly
Succeeded by
Horatio Merchant
Preceded by
Horatio Merchant
Clerk of the New York State Assembly
Succeeded by
Francis Seger
Political offices
Preceded by
Charles Humphrey
Speaker of the New York State Assembly
Succeeded by
Luther Bradish