Flag of Burundi

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Flag of Burundi.svg
UseNational flag and ensign
Adopted27 September 1982
DesignA white diagonal cross divided into four panels of red (top and bottom) and green (hoist-side and fly-side) with the white disk superimposed at the center of the cross bearing three red six-pointed stars with green outlines arranged in the triangular form (one above, two below).

The original national flag of Burundi was adopted after the country's independence from Belgium on 1 July 1962. It went through several revisions and now consists of a white saltire which divides the field into alternating red and green areas. The center of the saltire merges into a white disk, on which there are three red solid six-pointed stars outlined in green. The current ratio is 3:5,[1] which was changed from 2:3 until 27 September 1982.


The flag is divided into four parts by a white saltire. The upper and lower parts are red in color, while the left and right ones are green in color. White color of the saltire represents peace, green represents the nation's hopes placed on future development and red symbolizes the suffering of the nation during its freedom struggle.[2] The three stars in triangular configuration stand for the three major ethnic groups of Burundi: the Hutu, the Twa and the Tutsi.[2] The three stars also stand for the three elements of the national motto: Unité, Travail, Progrès ("Unity, Work and Progress"), which can be seen on the coat of arms of Burundi.[3] They also represent the loyalty that the citizens of the nations have pledged to their God, king and country.[2]

History of the flag[edit]

When the monarchy ruled over Burundi the flag featured a karyenda (a drum said to have divine power).[3] It was believed that the drum's messages could be understood only by the mwami (rulers) who made it the laws of the state. Following the abolition of the monarchy in November 1966, the karyenda was removed from the flag and a new flag was adopted soon after. The karyenda was replaced with a sorghum plant which is an important agricultural product of the country.[2]


  1. ^ "Burundi flag". World Flags. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d "flag of Burundi". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
  3. ^ a b Guide to the Flags of the World by Mauro Talocci, revised and updated by Whitney Smith (ISBN 0-688-01141-1), p. 153.

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