List of Jewish heads of state and government

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This is a list of heads of state and government of Jewish origin. The list includes the Presidents and Prime Ministers of Israel.

Heads of state[edit]

  Denotes incumbent head of state or government.
Head of State of Government Title Country In Office from In Office until Born in Jewish Origin
Juan Lindo00001.JPG Juan Lindo President of Honduras  Honduras 2 February 1847 1 February 1852 Tegucigalpa, Honduras Spanish[1]
President of El Salvador  El Salvador 7 January 1841 1 February 1842
Benjamin Disraeli by Cornelius Jabez Hughes, 1878.jpg Benjamin Disraeli Prime Minister of the United Kingdom  United Kingdom 27 February 1868 1 December 1868 Bloomsbury, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom Italian[2]
20 February 1874 21 April 1880
Julius Vogel, ca 1870s.jpg Julius Vogel Premier of New Zealand  New Zealand 8 April 1873 6 July 1875 London, United Kingdom English
15 February 1876 1 September 1876
Alessandro Fortis.jpg Alessandro Fortis Prime Minister of Italy  Italy 28 March 1905 8 February 1906 Forlì, Papal States Italian[3]
Sidney Sonnino 2.jpg Sidney Sonnino Prime Minister of Italy  Italy 8 February 1906 29 May 1906 Pisa, Grand Duchy of Tuscany Italian[3]
11 December 1909 31 March 1910
Luigi Luzzatti.jpg Luigi Luzzatti Prime Minister of Italy  Italy 31 March 1910 30 March 1911 Venice, Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia Italian[3]
Francisco Henriquez Carvajal.jpg Francisco Henríquez y Carvajal President of the Dominican Republic  Dominican Republic 31 July 1916 29 November 1916 Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic Dutch[4]
Lev Kamenev 1920s (cropped).jpg Lev Kamenev Chairman of All-Russian Central Executive Committee  Soviet Russia 9 November 1917 21 November 1917 Moscow, Russian Empire Russian[5]
Свердлов Яков Михайлович.jpg Yakov Sverdlov Chairman of All-Russian Central Executive Committee  Soviet Russia 21 November 1917 16 March 1919 Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Empire Russian
Bela Kun (cropped).png Béla Kun De facto leader
People's Commissar of Foreign Affairs
 Hungary 21 March 1919 1 August 1919 Lele, Austria-Hungary Hungarian
4.maija svinīgie pasākumi (26747933301).jpg Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics Prime Minister of Latvia  Latvia 19 June 1921 26 January 1923 Durbe, Latvia Latvian
28 June 1923 26 January 1924
Sir Francis Henry Dillon Bell, ca 1924.jpg Francis Bell Prime Minister of New Zealand  New Zealand 14 May 1925 30 May 1925 Nelson, New Zealand English
Isaac Isaacs 1936.jpg Sir Isaac Isaacs Governor-General of Australia  Australia 21 January 1931 23 January 1936 Melbourne, Australia Polish[6]
Léon Blum Meurisse b 1927.jpg Léon Blum Prime Minister of France  France 16 December 1946 22 January 1947 Paris, France Alsacian
Ben-Gurion.jpg David Ben-Gurion
Prime Minister of Israel  Israel 17 May 1948 26 January 1954 Płońsk, Congress Poland, Russian Empire Polish
3 November 1955 26 June 1963
Matyas Rakosi.jpg Mátyás Rákosi General Secretary of the Hungarian Working People's Party  Hungary 12 June 1948 18 July 1956 Ada, Austria-Hungary Hungarian[7]
Prime Minister of Hungary 14 August 1952 4 July 1953
Flickr - Government Press Office (GPO) - President Chaim Weizmann.jpg Chaim Weizmann President of Israel  Israel| 17 February 1949 9 November 1952 Motal, Russian Empire Russian-Belarussian
Rene Mayer.jpg René Mayer Prime Minister of France  France 8 January 1953 28 June 1953 Paris, France French[8]
Yitzhak Ben-Zvi.jpg Yitzhak Ben-Zvi President of Israel  Israel 16 December 1952 23 April 1963 Poltava, Russian Empire Russian-Ukrainian
Pierre Mendès France 1968.jpg Pierre Mendès France Prime Minister of France  France 18 June 1954 23 February 1955 Paris, France Portuguese[9]
Moshe Sharett (1948).jpg Moshe Sharett Prime Minister of Israel  Israel 26 January 1954 3 November 1955 Kherson, Russian Empire Ukrainian
Gerő Ernő 1955 (cropped).jpg Ernő Gerő General Secretary of the Hungarian Working People's Party  Hungary 18 July 1956 25 October 1956 Terbegec, Austria-Hungary Hungarian
Zalman Shazar.jpg Zalman Shazar President of Israel  Israel May 21, 1963 May 24, 1973 Mir, Minsk Governorate, Russian Empire Polish-Belarussian
Levi Eshko portrait 1964.jpg Levi Eshkol
Prime Minister of Israel  Israel 26 June 1963 26 February 1969 Orativ, Russian Empire Ukrainian
Coat of arms of Panama.svg Max Delvalle President of Panama  Panama April 8, 1967 April 15, 1967 Panama City, Panama Portuguese-Spanish[10]
Golda Meir 03265u.jpg Golda Meir Prime Minister of Israel  Israel 17 March 1969 3 June 1974 Kiev, Russian Empire Ukrainian
Bruno Kreisky 1983.jpg Bruno Kreisky Chancellor of Austria  Austria 21 April 1970 24 May 1983 Vienna, Austria-Hungary Austrian
EKatzir771.jpg Ephraim Katzir President of Israel  Israel 24 May 1973 24 May 1978 Kiev, Russian Empire Ukrainian
Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Life of Lt. Gen. Yitzhak Rabin, 7th IDF Chief of Staff in photos (11).jpg Yitzhak Rabin Prime Minister of Israel  Israel 3 June 1974 20 June 1977 Jerusalem, Mandatory Palestine Ukrainian-Russian
13 July 1992 4 November 1995
Menachem Begin, Andrews AFB, 1978.JPG Menachem Begin Prime Minister of Israel  Israel 20 June 1977 10 October 1983 Brest, Russian Empire Polish-Belarussian- Russian
Zelman Cowen.jpg Sir Zelman Cowen Governor-General of Australia  Australia 8 December 1977 29 July 1982 Melbourne, Australia Belarusian[11]
Yitzhak Navon 1.jpg Yitzhak Navon President of Israel  Israel 24 May 1978 5 May 1983 Jerusalem, Mandate Palestine Turkish-Moroccan
Chaim-herzog.jpg Chaim Herzog President of Israel  Israel 5 May 1983 13 May 1993 Belfast, Ireland Irish-Belarussian-Russian
Yitzhak Shamir (1980).jpg Yitzhak Shamir Prime Minister of Israel  Israel 10 October 1983 13 September 1984 Ruzhinoy, Russian Empire Belarussian - Russian
20 October 1986 13 July 1992
Shimon Peres, WJC Plenary Assembly, 2009.jpg Shimon Peres
Prime Minister of Israel  Israel 13 September 1984 20 October 1986 Wiszniew, Poland Polish
22 November 1995 18 June 1996
President of Israel 15 July 2007 14 July 2014
Coat of arms of Panama.svg Eric Arturo Delvalle President of Panama  Panama 28 September 1985 26 February 1988 Panama City, Panama Portuguese-Spanish
Petre Roman.jpg Petre Roman Prime Minister of Romania  Romania 26 December 1989 1 October 1991 Bucharest, Romania Hungarian[12]
פרופ' שלמה אקשטיין ועזר ויצמן (24519769611) (cropped).jpg Ezer Weizman President of Israel  Israel 13 May 1993 13 July 2000 Tel Aviv, Mandate Palestine Belarussian
Ruth Dreifuss (2014, cropped).jpg Ruth Dreifuss Member of Swiss Federal Council   Switzerland 10 March 1993 31 December 2002 St. Gallen, Switzerland Swiss[13]
President of Switzerland 1 January 1999 31 December 1999
Escudo nacional del Perú.svg Efraín Goldenberg Prime Minister of Peru  Peru 17 February 1994 28 July 1995 Lima, Peru Romanian
Benjamin Netanyahu 2012.jpg Benjamin Netanyahu Prime Minister of Israel  Israel 18 June 1996 6 July 1999 Tel Aviv, Israel Polish-Belarussian-Lithuanian
31 March 2009 Incumbent
Janet Jagan.png Janet Jagan Prime Minister of Guyana  Guyana 17 March 1997 19 December 1997 Chicago, United States American[14]
President of Guyana 19 December 1997 11 August 1999
Sergey Kiriyenko December 2011-1.jpeg Sergey Kiriyenko Prime Minister of Russia  Russia 23 March 1998 23 August 1998 Sukhumi, Abkhaz ASSR, Georgian SSR, Soviet Union Georgian-Russian[15]
E Primakov 03.jpg Yevgeny Primakov Prime Minister of Russia  Russia 11 September 1998 12 May 1999 Kiev, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union Russian
Ehud Barak official.jpg Ehud Barak
Prime Minister of Israel  Israel 6 July 1999 7 March 2001 Mishmar HaSharon, Mandatory Palestine Lithuanian
Moshe Katsav 2, by Amir Gilad.JPG Moshe Katsav President of Israel  Israel 1 August 2000 1 July 2007 Yazd, Iran Iranian
Ariel Sharon, by Jim Wallace (Smithsonian Institution).jpg Ariel Sharon
Prime Minister of Israel  Israel 7 March 2001 14 April 2006 Kfar Malal, Mandatory Palestine Belarussian- Russian
Mikhail Fradkov, 2014.jpg Mikhail Fradkov Prime Minister of Russia  Russia 5 March 2004 14 September 2007 Samara, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union Russian[16]
Zurab Zhvania (April 28, 2004).jpg Zurab Zhvania Prime Minister of Georgia  Georgia 17 February 2004 3 February 2005 Tbilisi, Georgian SSR, Soviet Union Armenian
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski 2016 (cropped).jpg Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Prime Minister of Peru  Peru 16 August 2005 27 July 2006 Lima, Peru Polish
President of Peru 28 July 2016 23 March 2018
Ehud Olmert 2006May23.jpg Ehud Olmert Prime Minister of Israel  Israel 14 April 2006 31 March 2009 Binyamina, Mandatory Palestine Russian
John Key February 2015.jpg John Key Prime Minister of New Zealand  New Zealand 19 November 2008 12 December 2016 Auckland, New Zealand Austrian
Yehude Simon Munaro.JPG Yehude Simon Prime Minister of Peru  Peru 14 October 2008 11 July 2009 Lima, Peru Italian[17]
Prime Minister of the Czech Republic Jan Fischer.JPG Jan Fischer Prime Minister of the Czech Republic  Czech Republic 8 May 2009 13 July 2010 Prague, Czechoslovakia Czech
Salomón Lerner.jpg Salomón Lerner Ghitis Prime Minister of Peru  Peru 28 July 2011 10 December 2011 Lima, Peru Peruvian[18]
Reuven Rivlin as the president of Israel.jpg Reuven Rivlin President of Israel  Israel 24 July 2014 Incumbent Jerusalem, Mandatory Palestine Austrian-Ukrainian-Russian
Volodymyr Groysman 2016.jpg Volodymyr Groysman Prime Minister of Ukraine  Ukraine 14 April 2016 29 August 2019 Vinnytsia, Soviet Union Ukrainian[19]
Volodymyr Zelensky in March 31, 2019 (I).png Volodymyr Zelensky President of Ukraine  Ukraine 4 May 2019 Incumbent Kryvyi Rih, Ukrainian SSR Ukrainian[19]
Egils Levits.jpg Egils Levits President of Latvia  Latvia 8 July 2019 Incumbent Riga, Latvian SSR Latvian[20]
David Cameron official.jpg David Cameron Prime Minister of the United Kingdom  United Kingdom 11 May 2010 13 July 2016 London, England, United Kingdom German[21][22]
Boris johnson (cropped).jpg Boris Johnson Prime Minister of the United Kingdom  United Kingdom 24 July 2019 Incumbent New York, New York, United States Russian[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arbell, Mordechai (16 August 2002). "The World's Other Jewish President". Haaretz. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  2. ^ Wolf, Lucien. 1905. The Disraeli Family, "Transactions of the Jewish Historical Society of England", vol. 5, pp. 202-218.
  3. ^ a b c Adler, Franklin Hugh (Fall 2009). "The Jews in Mussolini's Italy: From Equality to Persecution, and: L'Italie fasciste et la persécution des juifs (review)". Holocaust and Genocide Studies. 23 (2): 303–306. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  4. ^ Read, Jaime (23 August 2010). "Familias capitaleñas: Los Henríquez". Cápsulas Genealógicas (in Spanish). Santo Domingo: Hoy (1/3). Retrieved 3 February 2014. Este apellido se origina en la península Ibérica, tanto en Portugal como en España, de familias judías sefardíes que marcharon posteriormente hacia el norte, llegando a Holanda, a raíz de la expulsión de judíos luego de la Reconquista. De allí parten hacia las colonias neerlandesas del Caribe, llegando a Curazao. En la República Dominicana, el tronco de esta familia fue Noel Henríquez Altías (n. 25 diciembre de 1813), natural de Curazao
  5. ^ Lindemann, Albert S. Esau's Tears: Modern Anti-Semitism and the Rise of the Jews. Cambridge University Press. p. 430. ISBN 0-521-79538-9.
  6. ^ Green, David B. (11 February 2014). "Australian Jurist, anti-Zionist Dies". Haaretz. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  7. ^ Varga, László (16 November 2010). "Rákosi, Mátyás". YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  8. ^ "Rene Mayer, Former Prime Minister of France, Dead at Age 77". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 18 December 1972. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  9. ^ "Pierre Mendes-France Dead at 75". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 19 October 1982. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  10. ^ "Max Shalom Delvalle". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  11. ^ Starck, Nigel (2 January 2012). "Sir Zelman Cowen obituary". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017.
  12. ^ Binder, David (27 December 1989). "Upheaval in the East: Leadership; An Aristocrat Among the Revolutionaries". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  13. ^ Breger, Jennifer (27 February 2009). "Ruth Dreifuss". Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  14. ^ Green, David B. (16 December 2012). "1997: Jewish-American Woman Becomes President of Guyana". Haaretz. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  15. ^ "Oil and banking fuel the rise of Russian risk-taker". The Irish Times. 18 April 1998. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  16. ^ Krichevsky, Lev (2 March 2004). "Russian Jew named prime minister". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  17. ^ The Associated Press (19 October 2008). "Peru's Ailing President Makes Jewish-Italian Former Radical PM". Haaretz. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  18. ^ Robert T. Buckman (9 August 2012). Latin America 2012. Stryker Post. p. 341. ISBN 978-1-61048-888-4. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  19. ^ a b Higgins, Andrew (24 April 2019). "Ukraine's Newly Elected President Is Jewish. So Is Its Prime Minister. Not All Jews There Are Pleased". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  20. ^ "Levits ir pret īpašumu atgriešanu ebreju kopienai". delfi.lv (in Latvian). 2019-04-18. Retrieved 2019-08-12.
  21. ^ "David Cameron: Jewish Care". SayIt.
  22. ^ "David Cameron tells Israelis about his Jewish ancestors". The Daily Telegraph. 12 March 2014.
  23. ^ Peled, Daniella (2008). "Interview: Boris Johnson – my Jewish credentials". The Jewish Chronicle (April).