List of Polish inventors and discoverers

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Nicolaus Copernicus – a Polish astronomer who discovered that Earth is not the center of the universe. The canvas by Jan Matejko.

This is a list of Polish inventors and discoverers. The following list comprises people from Poland and of Polish origin, and also people of predominantly Polish heritage, in alphabetical order of the surname.


Henryk Arctowski was one of the first people to reach Antarctica during winter.
Stefan Banach was one of the key figures in the Lwów School of Mathematics.




  • Henryk Derczyński: a photographer, created an isohelia technology, a technique that sharpens contrasts and defines three-dimensional images.
  • Stefan Drzewiecki: engineer and inventor, built the first submarine in the world with electric battery-powered propulsion.


  • Max Factor (Maksymilian Faktorowicz): founder of the Max Factor cosmetics company, popularized the term "make-up", had perfected the first cosmetic specifically created for motion picture use—a thinner greasepaint in cream form.
  • Kazimierz Funk: biochemist, considered to be the first to the concept of Vitamins and the term itself, first to postulate the existence of B1, B2, C, and D vitamins.
  • Edward Flatau: neurologist.
  • Casimir Funk:, biochemist, generally credited with being among the first to formulate (1912) the concept of vitamins.




Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish, Lithuanian, Belarusian and American war hero, creator of the West Point Fortifications.


Ignacy Łukasiewicz built world's first oil refinery.

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Kazimierz Pułaski, one of the only eight people in history to be awarded the honorary United States citizenship for his contribution in the American Revolutionary War.





Stanisław Ulam played a vital part in the development the first nuclear bomb being as part of the Manhattan Project in Los Alamos National Laboratory


Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. places itself among the most successful media companies in the world.


Ludwik Zamenhof took an attempt to create a worldwide-spoken language, resulting in the invention of Esperanto.


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