Middle Sepik languages
|East Sepik Province, in the Sepik River basin of Papua New Guinea|
The Middle Sepik languages comprise diverse groups of Sepik languages spoken in northern Papua New Guinea. The Middle Sepik grouping is provisionally accepted by Foley based on evidence from pronouns, but is split up by Glottolog. They are spoken in areas surrounding the town of Ambunti in East Sepik Province.
Unlike most other Sepik languages, Middle Sepik languages do not overtly mark gender on nouns, although the third-person singular pronoun does distinguish between masculine and feminine genders (e.g., Proto-Ndu *nd- ‘3sg.m’ and *l- ‘3sg.f’).
- Ndu languages: Gala, Manambu, Kaunga (Yelogu), Sawos, Iatmul (Nyaura), Ambulas (Abelam), Boiken
- Nukuma languages: Kwoma (Washkuk); Mende, Kwanga
- Yerakai (Garamambu)
- Yellow River languages: Namia (Namie), Ak, Awun
- Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson (eds.). Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.
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