|Subdivisions||Districts: 10, Municipalities: 35|
|• Governor||Yoshihiro Murai|
|• Total||7,282.22 km2 (2,811.68 sq mi)|
(June 30, 2016)
|• Density||318.64/km2 (825.3/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-04|
|Flower||Miyagi bush clover (Lespedeza thunbergii)|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Economy
- 4 Education
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Sports
- 7 Visitor attractions
- 8 Famous festivals and events
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Miyagi Prefecture was formerly part of the province of Mutsu. Mutsu Province, on northern Honshu, was one of the last provinces to be formed as land was taken from the indigenous Emishi, and became the largest as it expanded northward. The ancient capital was at Taga-jō in modern Miyagi Prefecture.
In the third month of the second year of the Wadō era (709), there was an uprising against governmental authority in Mutsu Province and in nearby Echigo Province. Troops were promptly dispatched to subdue the revolt.
In Wadō 5 (712), the land of Mutsu Province was administratively separated from Dewa Province. Empress Genmei's Daijō-kan continued to organize other cadastral changes in the provincial map of the Nara period, as in the following year when Mimasaka Province was divided from Bizen Province; Hyūga Province was sundered from Ōsumi Province; and Tanba Province was severed from Tango Province.
During the Sengoku period various clans ruled different parts of the province. The Uesugi clan had a castle town at Wakamatsu in the south, the Nanbu clan at Morioka in the north, and Date Masamune, a close ally of the Tokugawa, established Sendai, which is now the largest town of the Tōhoku region.
Date Masamune built a castle at Sendai as his seat to rule Mutsu. In 1871, Sendai Prefecture was formed. It was renamed Miyagi prefecture the following year.
2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami
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On March 11, 2011, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake and a subsequent major tsunami hit Miyagi Prefecture, causing major damage to the area. The tsunami was estimated to be approximately 10 meters high in Miyagi Prefecture.
On April 7, 2011: 7.4-magnitude earthquake strikes off the coast of Miyagi, Japan, Japan's meteorological agency says. Workers were then evacuated from the nearby troubled Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear facility once again, as a tsunami warning was issued for the coastline. Residents were told to flee for inner land at this time.
Officials from the U.S. Geological Survey later downgraded the magnitude to 7.1 from 7.4.
Miyagi Prefecture is in the central part of Tōhoku, facing the Pacific Ocean, and contains Tōhoku's largest city, Sendai. There are high mountains on the west and along the northeast coast, but the central plain around Sendai is fairly large.
Oshika Peninsula projects from the northern coastline of the prefecture.
As of 1 April 2012, 23% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Rikuchū Kaigan National Park; Kurikoma, Minami Sanriku Kinkasan, and Zaō Quasi-National Parks; and Abukuma Keikoku, Asahiyama, Funagata Renpō, Futakuchi Kyōkoku, Kenjōsan Mangokuura, Kesennuma, Matsushima, and Zaō Kōgen Prefectural Natural Parks.
Fourteen cities are located in Miyagi Prefecture:
- Sendai - the largest and the capital city of the prefecture.
Towns and villages
These are the towns and villages in each district:
Although Miyagi has a good deal of fishing and agriculture, producing a great deal of rice and livestock, it is dominated by the manufacturing industries around Sendai, particularly electronics, appliances, and food processing.
In July 2011, the Japanese government decided to ban all shipments of beef cattle from northeast Miyagi Prefecture over fears of radioactive contamination. This has since been rescinded.
- Miyagi University
- Miyagi University of Education
- Miyagi Gakuin Women's University
- Sendai University
- Sendai Shirayuri Women's College
- Tohoku University
- Tohoku Gakuin University
- Tohoku Bunka Gakuen University
- Tohoku Institute of Technology
- Tohoku Fukushi University
- Tohoku Seikatsu Bunka College
- Tohoku Pharmaceutical University
- Shokei Gakuin University
- Ishinomaki Senshu University
- JR East
- Sendai Municipal Subway
- Abukuma Express
- Sendai Airport Line
Expressways and toll roads
- Tōhoku Expressway
- Yamagata Expressway
- Sanriku Expressway
- Sendai East Road
- Sendai North Road
- Sendai South Road
- National Route 4 (Nihonbashi of Tokyo–Kasukabe–Utsunomiya–Koriyama–Sendai–Furukawa–Ichinoseki–Morioka–Towada–Aomori)
- National Route 6 (Nihonbashi of Tokyo–Mito–Iwaki–Soma–Sendai)
- National Route 45 (Sendai–Ishinomaki–Ofunato–Kamaishi–Kuji–Hachinohe–Towada)
- National Route 47 (Furukawa–Narugo–Shinjyo–Sakata)
- National Route 48 (Sendai–Yamagata)
- National Route 108
- National Route 113
- National Route 286
- National Route 342
- National Route 346
- National Route 347
- National Route 349
- National Route 398
- National Route 399
- National Route 456
- National Route 457
- Sendai Port – Ferry route to Tomakomai, Hokkaido and Nagoya, container hub port
- Ishinomaki Port – Ferry route to Mount Kinka, Tashiro Island and Tashiro Island.
- Matsushima Bay
The sports teams listed below are based in Miyagi Prefecture.
- Football (soccer)
- Professional wrestling
Also, the Sendai Hi-Land Raceway hosts motorsport road races.
Miyagi Prefecture boasts one of Japan's three greatest sights. Matsushima, the pine-clad islands, dot the waters off the coast of the prefecture.
The following are also noted as attractions:
Famous festivals and events
- Sendai New Year's traditional Sale on January 2
- Shiroishi Kokeshi Exhibition, May 3–5
- Aoba Festival, Suzume Odori traditional Japanese dance event in May
- Shiogama Port Festival in July
- Sendai Tanabata Festival, August 6–8
- Narugo Kokeshi Festival in September
- Sendai Pageant of Starlight in December
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Miyagi prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 648, p. 648, at Google Books; "Tōhoku" in p. 970, p. 970, at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Sendai" in p. 841, p. 841, at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 64.
- "Japan earthquake: Tsunami hits north-east". BBC News. March 11, 2011. Archived from the original on March 12, 2011.
- Williams, Martyn. "Report from Japan: Impact of Tsunami Devastates Nation's Northeast". voanews.com. Archived from the original on 9 January 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
- "CBS News World". April 7, 2011. Archived from the original on 8 April 2011. Retrieved 7 April 2011.
- "Crown Prince Naruhito, Princess Masako visit tsunami victims in Miyagi". Japan Daily Press. Archived from the original on 2013-08-24.
- "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2012.
- Schreiber, Mark, "Japan's food crisis goes beyond recent panic buying Archived 2011-04-20 at the Wayback Machine", Japan Times, 17 April 2011, p. 9.
- http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=710867&publicationSubCategoryId=200[permanent dead link]
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
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