No. 162 Squadron RCAF
|162 Osprey Squadron RCAF|
|Disbanded||7 August 1945|
|Branch||Royal Canadian Air Force|
|Part of||Eastern Air Command, RAF Coastal Command|
|Motto(s)||Sectabimur usque per ima. (We will hunt them even through the lowest deeps)|
|Engagements||Second World War|
|Battle honours||North-West Atlantic 1942-44|
|Wing Commander (W/C)||C. W. G. Chapman|
No. 162 Squadron RCAF was a unit of the Royal Canadian Air Force. Formed as a bomber reconnaissance squadron at RCAF Station Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada on 19 May 1942 with Canso A aircraft, the squadron spent an uneventful eighteen months on east coast anti-submarine duty. In January 1944 it was seconded to RAF Coastal Command and stationed at RAF Reykjavik, Iceland to cover the mid-ocean portion of the North Atlantic shipping route.
In May 1944, the squadron moved east to RAF Wick, Scotland to support the invasion of Normandy. Their task was to intercept U-boats operating from Norwegian ports. No. 162 sank four German submarines, and shared in the sinking of a fifth that tried to break through the North Transit Area to attack the Allied D-Day invasion fleet. These engagements took place in the Norwegian Sea roughly 200 miles north of the Shetland Islands, for example at .
No. 162 returned to Camp Maple Leaf at RAF Reykjavik later in the summer of 1944, and remained there until it returned to Canada in June 1945.
No. 162 Squadron was one of the few squadrons that was not renumbered in the 400-series for overseas deployment as were most RCAF units. It was the RCAF's most successful anti-submarine squadron during the Second World War with five U-boats destroyed, one shared sinking and one U-boat damaged.
The squadron flew the Canso during its entire operational lifetime. From the beginning of operations until the end of the war, the squadron flew 2100 sorties and lost 6 aircraft and 34 crew on operations, with a further 3 aircraft and 8 crew lost non-operationally.
The squadron was disbanded at Sydney, Nova Scotia on 7 August 1945.
Honours and awards
- Victoria Cross (VC) - 1
- Distinguished Service Order (DSO) - 2
- Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) - 2
- Distinguished Flying Cross (United Kingdom) (DFC) - 16
- Air Force Cross (United Kingdom) (AFC) - 3
- Distinguished Flying Medal (DFM) - 4
- British Empire Medal (BEM) - 1
- Mentioned in Dispatches (MiD)- 21
-  Canada Remembers
- Wikene, I. (1979). "Canso & Catalina In The R.C.A.F". In Wilkinson, Les (ed.). I'll Never Forget...Canadian Aviation In The Second World War. Willowdale, Ontario: Canadian Aviation Historical Society. pp. 47–54. ISBN 0-920610-00-5.
- Milberry, L. (2010). Aviation in Canada : evolution of an air force. Toronto: CANAV Books. pp. 212–219. ISBN 9780921022237.
- canadianwings.com - History of No. 162 Squadron
- uboat.net - The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF)
- Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum - Consolidated PBY-5A Canso
- http://www.canso11062.mikeharvey.ca 162 Squadron's Canso 11062 crash information