Oakvale, West Virginia

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Oakvale, West Virginia
View along the railroad tracks in Oakvale
View along the railroad tracks in Oakvale
Location of Oakvale in Mercer County, West Virginia.
Location of Oakvale in Mercer County, West Virginia.
Coordinates: 37°19′56″N 80°58′8″W / 37.33222°N 80.96889°W / 37.33222; -80.96889Coordinates: 37°19′56″N 80°58′8″W / 37.33222°N 80.96889°W / 37.33222; -80.96889
CountryUnited States
StateWest Virginia
CountyMercer
Area
 • Total0.42 sq mi (1.09 km2)
 • Land0.42 sq mi (1.08 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
1,722 ft (525 m)
Population
 • Total121
 • Estimate 
(2017)[3]
116
 • Density277.51/sq mi (107.20/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
24739
Area code(s)304
FIPS code54-60196[4]
GNIS feature ID1552361[5]

Oakvale is a town in Mercer County, West Virginia, United States, along the East River. The population was 121 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Bluefield, WV-VA micropolitan area which has a population of 107,578.

History[edit]

Oakvale was originally known as "Frenchville" after an early settler, Captain Napoleon French. It was renamed Oakvale after the dense stands of oak trees that grew in the valley.[6] The town incorporated in 1907.[7]

Geography[edit]

Oakvale is located at 37°19′56″N 80°58′8″W / 37.33222°N 80.96889°W / 37.33222; -80.96889 (37.332163, -80.968802).[8] The town is situated in a narrow valley along East River, a few miles west of the state line between Virginia and West Virginia. West Virginia Route 112 (Ingleside Road) traverses Oakvale, connecting the town with Bluefield to the southwest. U.S. Route 460 passes just north of the town.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.42 square miles (1.09 km2), all land.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910278
19202811.1%
1930261−7.1%
19402734.6%
1950239−12.5%
196026711.7%
19702929.4%
1980208−28.8%
1990165−20.7%
2000142−13.9%
2010121−14.8%
Est. 2017116[3]−4.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 121 people, 49 households, and 31 families residing in the town. The population density was 288.1 inhabitants per square mile (111.2/km2). There were 55 housing units at an average density of 131.0 per square mile (50.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 100.0% White.

There were 49 households of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.7% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age in the town was 41.9 years. 24% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.3% were from 25 to 44; 27.3% were from 45 to 64; and 16.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 52.1% male and 47.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 142 people, 58 households, and 45 families residing in the town. The population density was 332.2 inhabitants per square mile (127.5/km²). There were 65 housing units at an average density of 152.0 per square mile (58.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.89% White, 1.41% African American, and 0.70% from two or more races.

There were 58 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 20.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.4% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.73.

In the town, the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $22,500, and the median income for a family was $23,750. Males had a median income of $24,375 versus $22,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $9,593. There were 9.5% of families and 19.0% of the population living below the poverty line, including 16.0% of under eighteens and 25.0% of those over 64.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Mar 27, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ Nancy Capace, Encyclopedia of West Virginia (Somerset Publishers, 1999), p. 175.
  7. ^ "Twin Falls to Kellysville and Return," p. 6. Norfolk and Western Historical Society website. Accessed 16 May 2018.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-24. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

External links[edit]