Official Languages of the Union Act, 1925
|Official Languages of the Union Act, 1925|
|Citation||Act No. 8 of 1925|
|Territorial extent||Union of South Africa|
|Enacted by||Parliament of South Africa|
|Royal assent||22 May 1925|
|Commenced||27 May 1925|
|Effective||31 May 1910|
|Repealed||31 May 1961|
|South Africa Constitution Act, 1961|
|South Africa Act, 1909|
|Afrikaans is recognised to have been an official language since 31 May 1910|
The Act commenced on 27 May 1925, but deemed to have had effect since the creation of the Union in 1910, having the effect of making Afrikaans an official language of the Union of South Africa since that date.
Part 8, section 137, of the South Africa Act read:
Both the English and Dutch languages shall be official languages of the Union, and shall be treated on a footing of equality, and possess and enjoy equal freedom, rights, and privileges; all records, journals, and proceedings of Parliament shall be kept in both languages, and all Bills, Acts, and notices of general public importance or interest issued by the Government of the Union shall be in both languages.
The single substantive provision of the Official Languages Act reads:
The word "Dutch" in section one hundred and thirty-seven of the South Africa Act, 1909, and wheresoever else that word occurs in the said Act, is hereby declared to include Afrikaans.
The South Africa Act and the Official Languages Act were repealed by the Constitution of 1961, which reversed the position of Afrikaans and Dutch. Subsequently, English and Afrikaans were the official languages, and Afrikaans was deemed to include Dutch.
The Constitution of 1983 removed any mention of Dutch altogether.
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- Reagan, T. (1988). The "Language Struggle" in South Africa: Emergence and Development in Educational Policy. Storrs: TWEC. OCLC 17790045.
- Sen, D. (1940). "Chapter IX: Safeguards in the Dominions". The Problem of Minorities. Calcutta: Calcutta University Press. OCLC 917020385.
- Steyn, J. (June 2007). "Ons vier 'n negentigste verjaarsdag". Literator (in Afrikaans). 38 (1): a1365. doi:10.4102/lit.v38i1.1365. ISSN 2219-8237.