Ot Danum people

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Ot Danum people
Dohoi / Malahoi / Uud Danum / Uut Danum
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Portret van een getatoeëerde Ot Danum Dajak man uit het Kahajan gebied van Midden-Borneo. TMnr 60046429.jpg
Portrait of a tattood Ot Danum Dayak man from the Kahajan region of Central Borneo, circa 1898–1900.
Total population
Regions with significant populations
 Indonesia (West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan)
Ot Danum language, Indonesian language
Kaharingan (predominantly), Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Dusun people, Lawangan people, Ma'anyan people, Ngaju people

Ot Danum (also known as Dohoi, Malahoi, Uud Danum or Uut Danum) people are the sub-ethnic of the Dayak people (hence also referred as Dayak Ot Danum) from the upper reaches of south Kapuas River, and along the Schwaner range, bordering West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan, Indonesia.[2] They are the most important group of the upper Melawi River and culturally and linguistically the most distinct from the Malay people.[3] Besides, the Malay people, the Ot Danum people are also linguistically distinct from the Ngaju people who live along the middle reaches of Central Kalimantan's great rivers and who are numerically and linguistically the dominant Dayak people group in the area.[4] Just like most Dayak people group, majority of the Ot Danum people also practice Kaharingan religion.[5]

The word Ot means people or upstream, while the word Danum means water. Therefore, the name Ot Danum means "water people" or "upriver people" or "people who live at the upstream river".[6] The Ot Danum people are closely tied to living with nature and would revere the traditions of their ancestors by taking care of the balance between mankind and the surrounding nature.


  1. ^ "Dohoi Ot Danum in Indonesia". Joshua Project. Retrieved 2014-09-27.
  2. ^ "Ot Danum". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2014-09-27.
  3. ^ Borneo Research Council (Williamsburg, Va.) (1986). Borneo Research Bulletin, Volumes 18-20. Borneo Research Council.
  4. ^ John F. McCarthy (2001). Decentralisation and Forest Management in Kapuas District, Central Kalimantan. CIFOR. ISBN 979-8764-80-3.
  5. ^ Rosana Waterson (2009). Paths and Rivers: Sa'dan Toraja Society in Transformation. BRILL. ISBN 90-04-25385-8.
  6. ^ Frank M. LeBar & George N. Appell (1972). Ethnic Groups of Insular Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Andaman Islands, and Madagascar. Human Relations Area Files Press. ISBN 978-0-87536-403-2.