Pedro de Deza

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Pedro de Deza (1520–1600) was a Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal and bishop.



Pedro de Deza was born in Seville on March 26, 1520, the son of Antonio de Deza and Beatriz de Portugal.[1] He was the nephew of Diego Deza, Archbishop of Seville and Grand Inquisitor of Spain.[1]

He studied Latin under Juan Ulloa Pereira before attending the Colegio Viejo de San Bartolomé at the University of Salamanca, where he studied law.[1] After completing his studies, he became a professor of law at the Colegio Viejo de San Bartolomé.[1]

Early ecclesiastical career[edit]

He spent eight years as the vicar general of the Archbishop of Santiago de Compostela.[1] In 1556, he became an oidor in the Royal Audiencia and Chancillería of Valladolid.[1] During the pontificate of Pope Paul IV (1555–59), he served as Archdeacon of Calatrava la Vieja.[1] He was also an auditor of the Spanish Inquisition.[1] In 1556, he became the president of the Kingdom of Granada, in which capacity he participated in the suppression of the Morisco Revolt of 1568-71.[1] He became president of the Council of Valladolid in 1578.[1]

Years as cardinal[edit]

On the recommendation of Philip II of Spain, Pope Gregory XIII made him a cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 1578.[1] He received the red hat and the titular church of San Ciriaco alle Terme Diocleziane on June 22, 1580.[1] He resided in Rome from 1580 on.[1] On January 9, 1584, he opted for the titular church of Santa Prisca.[1]

He participated in the papal conclave of 1585 that elected Pope Sixtus V.[1] The new pope named him inquisitor general of the Roman Inquisition on November 19, 1586.[1] On April 20, 1587, he opted for the titular church of Saint Jerome of the Croats.[1] In 1590, he participated in both the first papal conclave of 1590 that elected Pope Urban VII, and in the second papal conclave of 1590 that elected Pope Gregory XIV.[1] He went on to participate in the papal conclave of 1591 that elected Pope Innocent IX, and the papal conclave of 1592 that elected Pope Clement VIII.[1]

On August 18, 1597, he opted for the titular church of San Lorenzo in Lucina.[1] He became cardinal protopriest on March 30, 1598.[1] He also served as the cardinal protector of Spain.[1]

On April 24, 1600, he opted for the order of cardinal bishops, taking the suburbicarian see of Albano.[1] He was consecrated as a bishop by Pope Clement VIII in St. Peter's Basilica on June 18, 1600.[1]

He died in Rome on August 27, 1600.[1] He was initially buried in San Lorenzo in Lucina.[1] Later, according to the terms of his will, his remains were transferred provisionally to the hermitage of Villaguer in Toro, Zamora.[1] Finally, he was buried in the convent of the Discalced Carmelites in Toro.[1]

See also[edit]