Recognition of same-sex unions in Indonesia

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Legal status of same-sex unions

* Not yet in effect, but automatic deadline set by judicial body for same-sex marriage to become legal

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There is no legal recognition of same-sex unions in Indonesia. Article 1 of the Law No. 1 of the Year 1974 on Marriage states unequivocally that marriage is "a physical and spiritual bond between a man and a woman as husband and wife, having the purpose of establishing a happy and lasting family founded on the Belief in God Almighty".[1] Moreover, Article 2 states that a marriage is only lawful if it is in accordance with the laws of the religions of the respective parties. Meanwhile, Indonesians who have entered into same-sex marriage abroad are not allowed to register their marriage in Indonesia due to Article 1 of the Marriage Act.[2] Additionally, Article 34(1) of the Law No. 23 of the Year 2006 on Civil Administration obliges all marriages to be reported to the local authorities within 60 days after marriage, and the explanation of Article 34(1) states that "marriage" can only be performed by a man and a woman.[3]

Public opinion[edit]

An online polling conducted by the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA) on October 2016 found that 69% respondents from Indonesia were against the legalization of same-sex marriage, while 14% supported it and 17% were neutral.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Undang-Undang No. 1 Tahun 1974, retrieved 22 January 2018.
  2. ^ Keabsahan Perkawinan Pasangan WNI Sesama Jenis di Luar Negeri, Hukum Online, 6 June 2013, retrieved 22 January 2018.
  3. ^ Undang-Undang No. 23 Tahun 2006 tentang Administrasi Kependudukan, retrieved 22 January 2018.
  4. ^ "ILGA/RIWI Global Attitudes Survey on LGBTI People" (PDF). ILGA. p. 58. Retrieved 31 December 2016.