Richard Smith (East India Company officer)
|Died||3 July 1803|
|Allegiance||Kingdom of Great Britain|
|Commands held||Indian Army|
When he went out to India again in 1764 it was as Colonel of one of the East India Company's three brigades. In 1767 he was promoted to Commander-in-Chief, India. He was made Brigadier-General in 1768 before retiring in 1770.
He became notorious as a nabob, one of the Englishmen returned from India with considerable wealth, and may have served as a "type" for Samuel Foote's 1772 play of that title. He was satirically attacked by a Captain Joseph Price and a portrait of him appeared opposite that of Elizabeth Armistead (one of the favourite courtesans, and eventually the wife, of Charles James Fox) in Town and Country Magazine. He gambled huge amounts, on horses and at cards, and is said to have lost heavily to Fox.
Family and descendants
He lived at Chiltern Lodge near Hungerford in Berkshire. In 1756 he married Amelia Hopkins, the daughter of master mariner Captain Charles Hopkins. His Oxford Dictionary of National Biography entry says only that the couple had a son and a daughter, without naming them. The History of Parliament contains a biography both for him, stating that in 1780 he purchased a seat at Wendover for an unnamed son, and for a John Mansell Smith, which says he was the only son of Richard Smith.
- Richard Smith at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- The Bengal almanac, for 1827, compiled by S. Smith and Co., Page XX
- "SMITH, Richard (1734-1803), of Harley Street, Mdx. and Chilton Lodge, Hungerford, Berks". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
- G. J. Bryant, ‘Smith, Richard (bap. 1734, d. 1803)’,Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 20 Oct 2016
- "SMITH, Richard (1734-1803), of Chilton Foliat, Wilts". History of Parliament. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
- Cannon, J.A. "SMITH, John Mansell (b. ?1758), of Chilton Foliat, Wilts". History of Parliament. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
| Commander-in-Chief, India
Sir Robert Barker
|Parliament of Great Britain|
| Member of Parliament for Wendover
With: John Mansell Smith
| Member of Parliament for Wareham
With: Lord Robert Spencer