Like many other tribal groups in Northeast India, they practice jhum, or shifting cultivation. Unlike other Naga tribes in Nagaland, many of the Sangtam have retained their traditional beliefs in spite of embracing Christianity at the same time. Sangtams celebrate twelve different festivals, in particular Mongmong, all of which are affiliated with their traditional culture and religion.
The Sangtam people are one of the major tribes in Nagaland. Towards the Southern part of Nagaland, we have the Sangtam inhabited area under the Kiphire district. The Northern part of Sangtam includes the Longkhim-Chare sub-division of Tuensang district. They are united under the common banner called "United Sangtam." There are 62 (sixty two) villages among the Sangtams, 24 villages under Longkhim-Chare sub-division and 38 villages under Kiphire district. There are seven government administrative towns under united Sangtam jurisdiction. During the recent years, another part of Sangtam land has been recognized under Dimapur district namely Tsithrongse, Sangtamtila and Murise villages.