Đại La

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Đại La (Chinese: 大羅城, means the Citadel of the Great Dike) or Tác La (作羅城, means the Citadel of the Created Dike) was an old name for the citadel of Hanoi during the third Chinese domination of the 7th and 8th centuries,[1] and again in the 11th-century under Lý dynasty[2].

大羅城,前稱宋平縣,是即唐代交州的治理中心,又稱紫城,是靜海軍駐地。
宋朝大中祥符三年(西曆1010年,安南李朝順天元年),大瞿越皇帝李太祖以為都城華閭地方狹窄,於是決定遷都。由於大羅城居於區域中心,地勢較高而險要,氣候乾爽,面積寬闊,交通與居住也很便利,自然成了不二選擇。根據《大越史記全書》的記載,李公蘊乘龍舟來到大羅城下之時,忽然在龍舟旁邊出現了一條黃龍。群臣認為是大吉之兆,李太祖遂將大羅城改名為昇龍

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bá Đang Nguyễn, Vũ Phương Nguyễn, Hoàng Vân Tạ Traditional Vietnamese architecture 2004 Page 122 "HA NOI CITADEL or to 1010 AD, the Ha Noi area already had a citadel, named Đại La which was built by the Chinese Governor. Later King Ly Thai To, the founder of the Ly dynasty, built a new citadel on the foundations of Đại La which ...
  2. ^ Viet Nam social sciences Ủy ban khoa học xã hội Việt Nam - 2008 4/6 - Page 15 "The outer rampart: An earth rampart was raised in 1014, then rebuilt in 1078 and named Đại La Citadel. The name Đại La appeared many times in the historical chronicles, in 1078, 1154, 1165, 1170, 1230 and 1243."