|History of Japan|
Ōchō (応長) was a Japanese era name (年号 nengō, "year name") after Enkyō and before Shōwa. This period spanned 11 months from April 1311 through February 1312. The reigning emperor was Hanazono-tennō (花園天皇).
Change of era
- 1311 Ōchō gannen (応長元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Enkyō 4.
Events of the Ōchō era
- 1311 (Ōchō 1, 1st month): The sesshō, Takatsukasa Fuyuhira assisted at Emperor Hanazono's coming of age ceremony.
- 1311 (Ōchō 1, 3rd month): Takatsukasa Fuyuhira took on a new role as kampaku.
- 1311 (Ōchō 1, 9th month): Hōjō Morotoki, who was the tenth shikken of the Kamakura Bakufu, dies at the age of 37 years.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ōchō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 733, p. 733, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 278–279; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 239–241.
- Varley, p. 241.
- Titsingh, p. 279.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5; OCLC 6042764
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- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
| Era of Japan
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