1362 papal conclave

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Papal conclave
September–October 1362
Sede vacante.svg
Coat of arms during the vacancy of the Holy See
Dates and location
22 September – 28 October 1362
Palais des Papes, Avignon
Key officials
DeanÉlie de Talleyrand-Périgord
Sub-DeanGuy de Boulogne
ProtopriestHugues Roger
ProtodeaconGuillaume de la Jugie
Election
CandidatesHugues Roger, Raymond di Canillac
Elected Pope
William de Grimoard
Name taken: Urban V
Urban V.gif

The papal conclave of 1362 elected William Grimoard as Pope Urban V to succeed Pope Innocent VI in the Palais des Papes of Avignon, continuing the Avignon Papacy.

Balloting[edit]

Twenty cardinals entered the conclave on September 22, divided roughly into the factions of the French and Gascon cardinals (the latter being subjects of the King of England, in his capacity as Duke of Aquitaine).[1] Eleven[2] or twelve[3] of the twenty cardinals were Limousin, including three cardinal-nephews of Innocent VI and six nephews of Pope Clement VI.

After six days, the cardinals agreed upon the election of Hugues Roger, a cardinal and nephew of Clement VI, who refused the election in no uncertain terms (unlike many popes who made a show of "refusing" only to accept soon afterwards).[4] Thereafter, cardinal Raymond di Canillac emerged as papabile but was unable to receive the requisite supermajority.[5]

It became clear that none among the cardinals could receive a two-thirds majority, and thus discussion shifted to names outside the College.[3] Disagreements continued until October 28, when the cardinals agreed on Abbot William Grimoard, the Apostolic Legate to the Kingdom of Naples, at the time residing in Florence.[4] Fearing that Italians wishing to return the papacy to Rome would detain Grimoard, the French cardinals summoned him to Avignon, stating that they wished to consult with him, rather than informing him of his election.[4] It took five weeks for Grimoard to reach Avignon, where he was crowned as Urban V.[3]

Five years after his election, Urban V finally bowed to intense pressure from every direction, and did temporarily return the papacy to Rome on October 16, 1367. He returned to Avignon three years later, however, on August 26, 1370. He died in December of that year.[6]

List of participants[edit]

Twenty out of twenty one cardinals participated in the conclave:[7]

One cardinal was absent in Italy:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Trollope, 1876, p. 98.
  2. ^ Emerton, 1917, pp. 152-153.
  3. ^ a b c Baumgartner, 2003, p. 54.
  4. ^ a b c Trollope, 1876, p. 99.
  5. ^ Darras et al., 1869, p. 515.
  6. ^ Trollope, 1876, p. 100.
  7. ^ Source: K. Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 1913, p. 20 n. 4

References[edit]

  • Baumgartner, Frederic J. 2003. Behind Locked Doors: A History of the Papal Elections. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-29463-8.
  • Christophe, Jean Baptiste (1853). Histoire de la papauté pendant le 14. siècle avec des notes et des pièces justificatives par l'abbé J. B. Christophe (in French). Tome II. Paris: Librairie de L. Maison. pp. 331–338.
  • Darras, Joseph Épiphane, Spalding, Martin John, and White, Charles Ignatius. 1869. A general history of the Catholic Church.
  • Emerton, Ephraim. 1917. The beginnings of modern Europe (1250-1450).
  • Souchon, Martin (1888). Die Papstwahlen von Bonifaz VIII. bis Urban VI. und die Entstehung des Schismas 1378 (in German). Braunschweig: B. Goeritz. pp. 66–69.
  • Trollope, Thomas Adolphus. 1876. The papal conclaves, as they were and as they are. Chapman and Hall.