1794 United States elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
1794 United States elections
Midterm elections
Incumbent presidentGeorge Washington (Unaffiliated)
Next Congress4th
Senate elections
Overall controlFederalist Hold
Seats contested10 of 30 seats[1]
Net seat changeFederalist +3[2]
House elections
Overall controlDemocratic-Republican Hold
Seats contestedAll 105 voting seats
Net seat changeDemocratic-Republican +5[2]

The 1794 United States elections occurred in the middle of President George Washington's second term. Members of the 4th United States Congress were chosen in this election. Tennessee was admitted as a state during the 4th Congress. The election took place at the beginning of the First Party System, with the Democratic-Republican Party and Federalist Party emerging as political parties, succeeding the anti-administration faction and the pro-administration faction.[3][4]

In the House, the Democratic-Republicans picked up a small number of seats, increasing their majority.[3] However, Federalist Jonathan Dayton was elected Speaker of the House, defeating Frederick Muhlenberg, who had a less clear partisan affiliation.[5]

In the Senate, the Federalists picked up a moderate number of seats, increasing their majority.[4]

Washington remained unaffiliated with any political faction or party throughout his presidency.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Not counting special elections.
  2. ^ a b Congressional seat gain figures only reflect the results of the regularly-scheduled elections, and do not take special elections into account.
  3. ^ a b "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present". United States Senate. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  5. ^ Jenkins, Jeffrey A.; Stewart, Charles Haines. Fighting for the Speakership: The House and the Rise of Party Government. p. 59. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  6. ^ Jamison, Dennis (December 31, 2014). "George Washington's views on political parties in America". The Washington Times. Retrieved February 14, 2017.