1816–1817 United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts

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Massachusetts's electoral law required a majority for election. In five districts this was not met on the first election, requiring additional trials to be held.

District[a] Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1
"Suffolk district"
Artemas Ward Jr. Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
James Lloyd (Federalist) 98.0%
Benjamin Austin (Democratic-Republican) 2.0%
Massachusetts 2
"Essex South district"
Timothy Pickering Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Nathaniel Silsbee (Democratic-Republican) 50.5%
Thomas Stevens (Federalist) 49.5%
Massachusetts 3
"Essex North district"
Jeremiah Nelson Federalist 1804
1806 (Retired)
1814
Incumbent re-elected. First ballot (November 4, 1816):
William B. Banister (Federalist) 44.0%
Thomas Kitteridge (Democratic-Republican) 39.4%
Samuel L. Knapp (Federalist) 9.7%
Ebenezer Moseley (Federalist) 5.7%
Jeremiah Nelson (Federalist) 1.2%

Second ballot (January 27, 1817):
William B. Banister (Federalist) 46.0%
Thomas Kitteridge (Democratic-Republican) 39.0%
Jeremiah Nelson (Federalist) 11.8%
Others 3.2%

Third ballot (May 1, 1817):
Jeremiah Nelson (Federalist) 57.7%
Thomas Kitteridge (Democratic-Republican) 33.9%
Others 8.4%
Massachusetts 4
"Middlesex district"
Asahel Stearns Federalist 1814 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Timothy Fuller (Democratic-Republican) 55.0%
Asahel Stearns (Federalist) 45.0%
Massachusetts 5
"Hampshire South district"
Elijah H. Mills Federalist 1814 Incumbent re-elected. Elijah H. Mills (Federalist) 81.0%
Enos Foot (Democratic-Republican) 9.9%
Lewis Strong (Federalist) 6.7%
Others 2.5%
Massachusetts 6
"Hampshire North district"
Samuel Taggart Federalist 1803 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Samuel C. Allen (Federalist) 67.7%
Noah Webster (I) 15.6%
Elihu Lyman (Democratic-Republican) 13.6%
Others 3.2%
Massachusetts 7
"Berkshire district"
John W. Hulbert Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Henry Shaw (Democratic-Republican) 52.2%
Daniel Noble (Federalist) 46.0%
Others 1.8%
Massachusetts 8
"Plymouth district"
William Baylies Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (November 4, 1816):
Zabdiel Sampson (Democratic-Republican) 49.2%
Wilkes Wood (Federalist) 46.2%
Others 4.6%

Second ballot (January 27, 1817):
Zabdiel Sampson (Democratic-Republican) 51.8%
Wilkes Wood (Federalist) 47.0%
Others 1.2%
Massachusetts 9
"Barnstable district"
John Reed Jr. Federalist 1812 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (November 4, 1816):
Walter Folger Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 49.7%
John Reed Jr. (Federalist) 36.4%
Elijah Cobb (Federalist) 10.4%
Others 3.5%

Second ballot (January 27, 1817):
Walter Folger Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 46.9%
John Reed Jr. (Federalist) 30.2%
Thadeus Coffin (Federalist) 21.4%
Elijah Cobb (Federalist) 1.5%

Third ballot (May 1, 1817):
Walter Folger Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 52.8%
John Reed Jr. (Federalist) 39.5%
William Wills (Federalist) 6.2%
Others 1.6%
Massachusetts 10
"Bristol district"
Laban Wheaton Federalist 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Marcus Morton (Democratic-Republican) 50.6%
Samuel Crocker (Federalist) 46.3%
Others 3.1%
Massachusetts 11
"Worcester South district"
Benjamin Adams Federalist 1816 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Benjamin Adams (Federalist) 66.3%
Abraham Lincoln (Democratic-Republican) 30.6%
Levi Lincoln Sr. (Democratic-Republican) 3.1%
Massachusetts 12
"Worcester North district"
Solomon Strong Federalist 1814 Incumbent re-elected. Solomon Strong (Federalist) 69.4%
Edmund Cushing (Democratic-Republican) 30.6%
Massachusetts 13
"Norfolk district"
Nathaniel Ruggles Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected. Nathaniel Ruggles (Federalist) 50.4%
Ebenezer Seaver D(R) 46.9%
Others 2.7%
Massachusetts 14
"1st Eastern district, District of Maine"
Cyrus King Federalist 1812 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Holmes (Democratic-Republican) 58.9%
Cyrus King (Federalist) 38.0%
Others 3.1%
Massachusetts 15
"2nd Eastern district, District of Maine"
George Bradbury Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Ezekiel Whitman (Federalist) 51.5%
Mark Harris (Democratic-Republican) 48.5%
Massachusetts 16
"3rd Eastern district, District of Maine"
Benjamin Brown Federalist 1812 Ran for re-election in the 18th district
Federalist hold.
Benjamin Orr (Federalist) 63.3%
Erastus Foote (Democratic-Republican) 36.7%
Massachusetts 17
"4th Eastern district, District of Maine"
James Carr Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
John Wilson (Federalist) 55.2%
Martin Kinsley (Democratic-Republican) 44.8%
Massachusetts 18
"5th Eastern district, District of Maine"
Thomas Rice Federalist 1814 Incumbent re-elected. First ballot (November 4, 1816):
Benjamin Brown (Federalist) 41.2%
Nathan Cutler (Democratic-Republican) 31.6%
Samuel S. Conner (Democratic-Republican) 27.2%

Second ballot (January 27, 1817):
Benjamin Brown (Federalist) 45.0%
Samuel S. Conner (Democratic-Republican) 22.5%
Nathan Cutler (Democratic-Republican) 21.9%
Others 10.6%

Third ballot (May 1, 1817):
Benjamin Brown (Federalist) 39.4%
Samuel S. Conner (Democratic-Republican) 31.4%
Nathan Cutler (Democratic-Republican) 15.9%
Obed Wilson (Democratic-Republican) 7.0%
Joshua Cushman (Democratic-Republican) 3.1%
Others 3.2%

Fourth ballot (July 21, 1817):
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 48.7%
Samuel S. Conner (Democratic-Republican) 37.8%
Obed Wilson (Democratic-Republican) 7.5%
Joshua Cushman (Democratic-Republican) 2.5%
Others 3.5%

Fifth ballot (September 29, 1817):
Joshua Cushman (Democratic-Republican) 47.2%
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 40.4%
Others 12.4%

Sixth ballot (December 1, 1817):
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 51.0%
Joshua Cushman (Democratic-Republican) 45.6%
Others 3.4%
Massachusetts 19
"6th Eastern district, District of Maine"
Samuel S. Conner Democratic-Republican 1815 Ran in 18th district
Democratic-Republican hold.
First ballot (November 4, 1816):
James Parker (Democratic-Republican) 42.9%
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 41.2%
John Chandler (Democratic-Republican) 15.0%
Others 0.9%

Second ballot (January 27, 1817):
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 38.2%
John Chandler (Democratic-Republican) 31.7%
James Parker (Democratic-Republican) 30.1%

Third ballot (May 1, 1817):
James Parker (Democratic-Republican) 43.8%
Peter Grant (Federalist) 39.0%
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 6.5%
Joshua Gage (Democratic-Republican) 5.6%
John Chandler (Democratic-Republican) 5.1%

Fourth ballot (July 21, 1817):
Peter Grant (Federalist) 50.0%[b]
James Parker (Democratic-Republican) 32.2%
Joshua Gage (Democratic-Republican) 11.9%
Others 5.9%

Fifth ballot (September 29, 1817):
Joshua Gage (Democratic-Republican) 60.4%
Peter Grant (Federalist) 39.6%
Massachusetts 20
"7th Eastern district, District of Maine"
Albion K. Parris Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent re-elected. Albion K. Parris (Democratic-Republican) 58.2%
Samuel A. Bradley (Federalist) 35.8%
Levi Hubbard (Democratic-Republican) 6.0%

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ District numbers differed between source used and elsewhere on Wikipedia; district numbers used elsewhere on Wikipedia used here.
  2. ^ Exactly 50%.