1816 and 1817 United States House of Representatives elections

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1816 and 1817 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1814 / 1815 April 30, 1816 – August 14, 1817 1818 / 1819 →

All 184 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
93 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Henry Clay.jpg TimothyPitkin.jpg
Leader Henry Clay Timothy Pitkin
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Leader's seat Kentucky 2nd Connecticut at-large
Last election 119 seats 64 seats
Seats won 144[a] 40[a]
Seat change Increase 25 Decrease 24

Speaker before election

Henry Clay
Democratic-Republican

Elected Speaker

Henry Clay
Democratic-Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 15th Congress were held in the various states between April 1816 (in New York) and August 14, 1817 (in North Carolina). The Congress first met on December 1, 1817.

The Democratic-Republican Party made significant gains during this election cycle, which helped to usher in what is known as the Era of Good Feelings under President James Monroe, who was elected that year. The Federalist Party was in a state of collapse, in part because of the secessionist doctrine espoused by some party members from New England at the Hartford Convention of 1814–15. This created an almost treasonous image of the Federalist party outside its base in urban New England. The War of 1812 concluded in 1815 with a feeling of national pride, since the small American military had fought the much more powerful British forces to a stalemate. The end of the war and the foolhardy posturing of New England Federalists led voters to rally around the dominant Democratic-Republicans and usher in a period of nonpartisan, consensus governance, despite the remnants of party divisions.

The proportion of seats held by the Federalist party in the House of Representatives fell to less than a quarter. Even at that, the election of 1816 gave them the highest proportion of seats that they were ever able to secure before the national party ceased to function as of 1824. In the same period, the Democratic-Republicans enjoyed majorities never again approached by any American political party until the era of Reconstruction in the late 1860s.

Election summaries[edit]

Mississippi was admitted as a state in 1817 during the 15th Congress, adding one seat.[1]

144 40
Democratic-Republican Federalist
State Type
Date
Total
seats
Democratic-
Republican
Federalist
Seats Change Seats Change
New York Districts April 30 – May 2, 1816 27 22 Increase1 5 Decrease1
Louisiana At-large July 1–3, 1816 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky Districts August 5, 1816 10 10 Steady 0 Steady
New Hampshire At-large August 26, 1816 6 6 Increase6 0 Decrease6
Rhode Island At-large August 27, 1816 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
Vermont At-large September 3, 1816 6 6 Increase6 0 Decrease6
Connecticut At-large September 16, 1816 7 0 Steady 7 Steady
Maryland Districts October 6, 1816 9 5 Increase1 4 Decrease1
Delaware At-large October 7, 1816 2 1 Increase1 1 Decrease1
Georgia At-large 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio Districts October 8, 1816 6 5 Decrease1 1 Increase1
Pennsylvania Districts 23 19 Increase1 4 Decrease1
South Carolina Districts October 14–15, 1816 9 9 Increase1 0 Decrease1
Massachusetts Districts November 4, 1816[b] 20 9 Increase7 11 Decrease7
New Jersey At-large November 4–5, 1816 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Late elections (after the March 4, 1817 beginning of the term)
Virginia Districts April 1817 23 20 Increase1 3 Decrease1
Indiana At-large August 4, 1817 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Mississippi At-large August 4–5, 1817 1 1 Increase1 0 Steady
Tennessee Districts August 7–8, 1817 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
North Carolina Districts August 14, 1817 13 11 Steady 2 Steady
Total 184 144[a]
78.3%
Increase25 40[a]
21.7%
Decrease24
House seats
Democratic-Republican
78.3%
Federalist
21.7%

Special elections[edit]

There were special elections in 1816 and 1817 to the 14th United States Congress and 15th United States Congress.

Special elections are sorted by date then district.

14th Congress[edit]

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[c]
North Carolina 6 Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican 1791 Incumbent resigned December 15, 1815 when elected U.S. Senator.
New member elected January 22, 1816.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated February 7, 1816.[2]
Winner was later re-elected to the next term, see below.
Weldon Edwards (Democratic-Republican) 60.7%
William P. Little 39.3%[3]
Maryland 5
(Seat A)
Nicholas R. Moore Democratic-Republican 1803
1810 (Lost)
1812
Incumbent resigned in 1815.
New member elected January 27, 1816.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated February 4, 1816.[2]
Successor was later re-elected to the next term, see below.
Samuel Smith (Democratic-Republican) 70.1%
Peter Little (Democratic-Republican) 29.8%[4]
New York 21 Peter B. Porter Democratic-Republican 1808
1812 (Retired)
1814
Incumbent resigned January 23, 1816
New member elected April 30 – May 2, 1816.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 2, 1816.[2]
Winner was not elected to the next term, see below.
Archibald S. Clarke (Democratic-Republican)
Daniel W. Lewis (Federalist) 41.3%[5]
North Carolina 5 William R. King Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent resigned, effective November 4, 1816.
New member elected before August 16, 1816.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 2, 1816.[2]
Winner later lost re-election to the next term, see below.
Charles Hooks (Democratic-Republican)
"Rev. S. Stanford"
"by a majority of 343 votes"[6]
North Carolina 8 Richard Stanford Democratic-Republican 1796 Incumbent died April 16, 1816.
New member elected before August 22, 1816.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 2, 1816.[2]
Winner later lost re-election to the next term, see below.
Samuel Dickens (Democratic-Republican) 52.2%
John Craig (Democratic-Republican) 47.8%[7]
New York 20 Enos T. Throop Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent resigned June 4, 1816 after losing re-election.
New member elected August 27–29, 1816.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 3, 1816.[2]
Winner was not elected to the next term, see below.
Daniel Avery (Democratic-Republican) 52.8%
Charles Kellogg (Democratic-Republican) 45.2%[8]
Maryland 5
(Seat B)
William Pinkney Democratic-Republican 1790
1791 (Resigned)
1814
Incumbent resigned April 18, 1816 to become Minister to Russia.
New member elected September 3, 1816.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 2, 1816.[2]
Successor was later re-elected to the next term, see below.
Peter Little (Democratic-Republican) 54.4%
Tobias Stansbury (Democratic-Republican) 45.6%[9]
Maryland 3 Alexander C. Hanson Federalist 1812 Incumbent resigned after being elected to the Senate.
New member elected October 6, 1816.
Federalist-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 2, 1816.[2]
Successor also elected the same day to the next term, see below.
George Peter (Federalist) 45.5%
Charles Kilgour (Federalist) 30.9%
Nicholas Snethen (Democratic-Republican) 23.5%[10]
Ohio 1 John McLean Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent resigned in April 1816 after being appointed to the Supreme Court of Ohio.
New member elected October 8, 1816.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 2, 1816.[2]
Winner also elected, the same day, to the next term, see below.
William Harrison (Democratic-Republican) 58.6%
Thomas R. Ross (Democratic-Republican) 31.0%
William C. Schenck (Federalist) 6.1%
William Corry (Federalist) 1.9%
Matthias Ross (Democratic-Republican) 1.6%[11]
Pennsylvania 9 Thomas Burnside Democratic-Republican 1815 (Special) Incumbent resigned in April 1816 to accept judicial appointment.
New member elected October 8, 1816.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 3, 1816.[2]
Successor also elected, the same day, to the next term, see below.
William P. Maclay (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Virginia 18 Thomas Gholson Jr. Democratic-Republican 1808 (Special) Incumbent died July 4, 1816.
New member elected October 10–28, 1816.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 4, 1816.[2]
Thomas M. Nelson (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
South Carolina 9
"Sumter or Camden district"
William Mayrant Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent resigned October 21, 1816, having just lost re-election.
New member elected November 25 & 26, 1816, who had also won the general election, see below.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated January 2, 1817.[2]
Stephen Decatur Miller (Democratic-Republican)
"by a majority of 200 votes"[12]
Georgia at-large Alfred Cuthbert Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special)
1814
Incumbent resigned November 9, 1816.
New member elected December 1816.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated January 23, 1817.[2]
Zadock Cook (Democratic-Republican) 39.5%
Thomas U.P. Charlton 38.3%
Moore 12.6%
Walker 9.6%[13]
Indiana at-large None (District created) Indiana was admitted as a state of the Union on December 11, 1816.[2]
New member elected in 1816.
Democratic-Republican gain.
New member seated December 11, 1816.[2]
William Hendricks (Democratic-Republican) 80.2%
Allen Thom 19.7%[14]
Kentucky 1 James Clark Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent resigned April 8, 1816 when appointed circuit court judge.
New member elected in 1816.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 2, 1816.[2]
Successor was not elected to the next term, see below.
Thomas Fletcher (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Massachusetts 11 Elijah Brigham Federalist 1810 Incumbent died February 22, 1816.
New member elected in 1816.
Federalist-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 2, 1816.[2]
Benjamin Adams (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Virginia 23 John Clopton Democratic-Republican 1795
1799 (Lost)
1801
Incumbent died September 11, 1816
New member elected in 1816.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 17, 1816.[2]
John Tyler (Democratic-Republican)
Andrew Stevenson (Democratic-Republican)
John Clopton Jr. (Democratic-Republican)[15]

15th Congress[edit]

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[c]
Pennsylvania 10 David Scott Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent resigned to become president and judge of the court of common pleas.
New member elected October 14, 1817.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated with the rest of the House December 1, 1817.[16]
John Murray (Democratic-Republican) 71.0%
Abram Light (Federalist) 29.0%
Connecticut at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Sylvanus Backus Federalist 1816 Member-elect died February 15, 1817.
New member elected in 1817.
Federalist hold.
Successor seated with the rest of the House December 1, 1817.[16]
Ebenezer Huntington (Federalist) 29.2%
Nathaniel Terry (Federalist) 22.5%
Sylvester Gilbert (Federalist) 16.7%
Lyman Law (Federalist) 12.0%
Lewis B. Sturges (Federalist) 9.8%
Epaphroditus Champion (Federalist) 6.7%
Asa Bacon Jr. (Federalist) 3.2%
Charles Dennison Federalist 1816 Member-elect declined the seat.
New member elected in 1817.
Federalist hold.
Successor seated with the rest of the House December 1, 1817.[16]
New York 4 Henry B. Lee Democratic-Republican 1816 Member-elect died February 18, 1817.
New member elected in 1817.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated with the rest of the House December 1, 1817.[16]
James Tallmadge Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 47.7%
Lemuel Clift (Federalist) 38.5%
Abraham Adriance (Democratic-Republican) 13.8%
Missouri Territory at-large John Scott Democratic-Republican 1816 (Special) Incumbent's re-election declared illegal and seat vacated since March 4, 1817.
Incumbent re-elected in 1817.
Successor seated August 4, 1817.[16]
John Scott (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]

Connecticut[edit]

Connecticut elected its members September 16, 1816.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Connecticut at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
Benjamin Tallmadge Federalist 1801 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Successor (Backus) died February 15, 1817, leading to a special election.
Sylvanus Backus (Federalist) 13.7%
Samuel B. Sherwood (Federalist) 9.0%
Charles Dennison (Federalist) 8.9%
Timothy Pitkin (Federalist) 8.8%
Thomas Scott Williams (Federalist) 7.1%
Jonathan O. Moseley (Federalist) 7.0%
Uriel Holmes (Federalist) 6.7%
Ebenezer Huntington (Federalist) 6.6%
Lyman Law (Federalist) 6.4%
Lewis B. Sturges (Federalist) 6.2%
Epaphroditus Champion (Federalist) 5.9%
Asa Bacon Jr. (Federalist) 5.4%
Nathaniel Terry (Federalist) 4.4%
Sylvester Gilbert (Democratic-Republican) 4.2%
Epaphroditus Champion Federalist 1806 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Lewis B. Sturges Federalist 1805 (Special) Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Successor (Dennison) declined to serve, leading to a special election.
Timothy Pitkin Federalist 1805 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
John Davenport Federalist 1798 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Jonathan O. Moseley Federalist 1804 Incumbent re-elected.
Lyman Law Federalist 1810 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.

Delaware[edit]

Delaware elected its members October 7, 1816.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[c]
Delaware at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Thomas Clayton Federalist 1814 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Louis McLane (Federalist) 24.0%
Willard Hall (Democratic-Republican) 23.6%
Caesar A. Rodney (Democratic-Republican) 23.5%
Caleb Rodney (Federalist) 23.0%
Thomas Clayton (Federalist) 3.3%
Thomas Cooper (Federalist) 2.6%
Thomas Cooper Federalist 1812 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.

Georgia[edit]

Georgia elected its members October 7, 1816.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Georgia at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Wilson Lumpkin Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Terrell (Democratic-Republican) 10.9%
Joel Crawford (Democratic-Republican) 10.5%
Joel Abbot (Democratic-Republican) 9.6%
Zadock Cook (Democratic-Republican) 8.4%
Thomas W. Cobb (Democratic-Republican) 8.2%
John Forsyth (Democratic-Republican) 7.9%
John Dooly 7.3%
Richard Henry Wilde (Democratic-Republican) 7.0%
Homer Virgil Milton 6.8%
Wilson Lumpkin (Democratic-Republican) 6.8%
Alfred Cuthbert (Democratic-Republican) 6.4%
Allen Daniel 6.3%
Thomas Telfair (Democratic-Republican) 2.3%
James Wood 1.6%
Richard Henry Wilde Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Bolling Hall Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Zadock Cook Democratic-Republican 1816 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Thomas Telfair Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Forsyth Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected.

Indiana[edit]

Indiana elected its member August 4, 1817, having just elected him just the year before to the new seat.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Indiana at-large William Hendricks Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. William Hendricks (Democratic-Republican) 60.1%
Thomas Posey (Democratic-Republican) 39.9%

Kentucky[edit]

Kentucky elected its members August 5, 1816.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Kentucky 1 James Clark Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent resigned April 8, 1816 when appointed circuit court judge.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor was not elected to finish the current term.
David Trimble (Democratic-Republican) 55.3%
George Stockton 44.7%
Kentucky 2 Henry Clay Democratic-Republican 1810
1814 (Resigned)
1814
1815 (Seat declared vacant)
1815 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected. Henry Clay (Democratic-Republican) 57.6%
John Pope (Democratic-Republican) 42.4%
Kentucky 3 Richard M. Johnson Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected. Richard M. Johnson (Democratic-Republican) 56.6%
Benjamin Taylor (Federalist) 43.4%
Kentucky 4 Joseph Desha Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Desha (Democratic-Republican) 56.1%
William Garrard 43.9%
Kentucky 5 Alney McLean Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Anthony New (Democratic-Republican) 64.4%
Benjamin W. Patton 35.6%
Kentucky 6 Solomon P. Sharp Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
David Walker (Democratic-Republican) 54.2%
William Thompson 37.7%
Solomon P. Sharp (Democratic-Republican) 8.2%
Kentucky 7 Samuel McKee Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
George Robertson (Democratic-Republican) 62.3%
Robert Caldwell 37.7%
Kentucky 8 Stephen Ormsby Democratic-Republican 1810
1812 (Lost)
1813 (Special)
Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Richard Anderson (Democratic-Republican) 56.8%
Edward George 34.6%
Stephen Ormsby (Democratic-Republican) 8.6%
Kentucky 9 Micah Taul Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Tunstal Quarles (Democratic-Republican)[d]
Rife[e]
Kentucky 10 Benjamin Hardin Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Thomas Speed (Democratic-Republican) 42.3%
James Crutcher 31.2%
John Lancaster 26.5%

Louisiana[edit]

Louisiana elected its members July 1–3, 1816.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Louisiana at-large Thomas B. Robertson Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas B. Robertson (Democratic-Republican) 100%

Maryland[edit]

Maryland elected its members October 6, 1816.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[c]
Maryland 1 Philip Stuart Federalist 1810 Incumbent re-elected. Philip Stuart (Federalist) 99.1%
Maryland 2 John C. Herbert Federalist 1814 Incumbent re-elected. John C. Herbert (Federalist) 50.6%
Joshua Barney (Democratic-Republican) 49.2%
Maryland 3 Alexander C. Hanson Federalist 1812 Incumbent resigned in 1816 when elected U.S. Senator.
Winner was also elected to finish the term, see above.
Federalist hold.
George Peter (Federalist) 46.0%
Charles Kilgour (Federalist) 30.4%
Nicholas Snethen (Democratic-Republican) 23.6%
Maryland 4 George Baer Jr. Federalist 1796
1801 (Retired)
1814
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Samuel Ringgold (Democratic-Republican) 53.6%
Matthew Van Lear (Federalist) 46.3%
Maryland 5
Plural district with 2 seats
Samuel Smith Democratic-Republican 1792
1802 (Retired)
1816 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Smith (Democratic-Republican) 42.0%
Peter Little (Democratic-Republican) 31.4%
Tobias Stansbury (Democratic-Republican) 26.6%[17]
Peter Little Democratic-Republican 1816 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 6 Stevenson Archer Democratic-Republican 1811 (Special) Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Philip Reed (Democratic-Republican) 51.5%
Stevenson Archer (Democratic-Republican) 48.5%
Maryland 7 Robert Wright Democratic-Republican 1810 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Thomas Culbreth (Democratic-Republican) 50.8%
William Potter (Federalist) 49.2%
Maryland 8 Charles Goldsborough Federalist 1804 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Thomas Bayly (Federalist) 51.7%
Ephraim King Wilson (Federalist) 46.6%
Thomas Williams (Democratic-Republican) 1.8%

Massachusetts[edit]

Massachusetts's electoral law required a majority for election. In five districts this was not met on the first election, requiring additional trials to be held.

Massachusetts elected its members November 4, 1816.

District[f] Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1
"Suffolk district"
Artemas Ward Jr. Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Winner declined to serve and was replaced in a special election.
James Lloyd (Federalist) 98.0%
Benjamin Austin (Democratic-Republican) 2.0%
Massachusetts 2
"Essex South district"
Timothy Pickering Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Nathaniel Silsbee (Democratic-Republican) 50.5%
Thomas Stevens (Federalist) 49.5%
Massachusetts 3
"Essex North district"
Jeremiah Nelson Federalist 1804
1806 (Retired)
1814
Incumbent re-elected. First ballot (November 4, 1816):
William B. Banister (Federalist) 44.0%
Thomas Kitteridge (Democratic-Republican) 39.4%
Samuel L. Knapp (Federalist) 9.7%
Ebenezer Moseley (Federalist) 5.7%
Jeremiah Nelson (Federalist) 1.2%

Second ballot (January 27, 1817):
William B. Banister (Federalist) 46.0%
Thomas Kitteridge (Democratic-Republican) 39.0%
Jeremiah Nelson (Federalist) 11.8%
Others 3.2%

Third ballot (May 1, 1817):
Jeremiah Nelson (Federalist) 57.7%
Thomas Kitteridge (Democratic-Republican) 33.9%
Others 8.4%
Massachusetts 4
"Middlesex district"
Asahel Stearns Federalist 1814 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Timothy Fuller (Democratic-Republican) 55.0%
Asahel Stearns (Federalist) 45.0%
Massachusetts 5
"Hampshire South district"
Elijah H. Mills Federalist 1814 Incumbent re-elected. Elijah H. Mills (Federalist) 81.0%
Enos Foot (Democratic-Republican) 9.9%
Lewis Strong (Federalist) 6.7%
Others 2.5%
Massachusetts 6
"Hampshire North district"
Samuel Taggart Federalist 1803 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Samuel C. Allen (Federalist) 67.7%
Noah Webster (I) 15.6%
Elihu Lyman (Democratic-Republican) 13.6%
Others 3.2%
Massachusetts 7
"Berkshire district"
John W. Hulbert Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Henry Shaw (Democratic-Republican) 52.2%
Daniel Noble (Federalist) 46.0%
Others 1.8%
Massachusetts 8
"Plymouth district"
William Baylies Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (November 4, 1816):
Zabdiel Sampson (Democratic-Republican) 49.2%
Wilkes Wood (Federalist) 46.2%
Others 4.6%

Second ballot (January 27, 1817):
Zabdiel Sampson (Democratic-Republican) 51.8%
Wilkes Wood (Federalist) 47.0%
Others 1.2%
Massachusetts 9
"Barnstable district"
John Reed Jr. Federalist 1812 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (November 4, 1816):
Walter Folger Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 49.7%
John Reed Jr. (Federalist) 36.4%
Elijah Cobb (Federalist) 10.4%
Others 3.5%

Second ballot (January 27, 1817):
Walter Folger Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 46.9%
John Reed Jr. (Federalist) 30.2%
Thadeus Coffin (Federalist) 21.4%
Elijah Cobb (Federalist) 1.5%

Third ballot (May 1, 1817):
Walter Folger Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 52.8%
John Reed Jr. (Federalist) 39.5%
William Wills (Federalist) 6.2%
Others 1.6%
Massachusetts 10
"Bristol district"
Laban Wheaton Federalist 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Marcus Morton (Democratic-Republican) 50.6%
Samuel Crocker (Federalist) 46.3%
Others 3.1%
Massachusetts 11
"Worcester South district"
Elijah Brigham Federalist 1810 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Benjamin Adams (Federalist) 66.3%
Abraham Lincoln (Democratic-Republican) 30.6%
Levi Lincoln Sr. (Democratic-Republican) 3.1%
Massachusetts 12
"Worcester North district"
Solomon Strong Federalist 1814 Incumbent re-elected. Solomon Strong (Federalist) 69.4%
Edmund Cushing (Democratic-Republican) 30.6%
Massachusetts 13
"Norfolk district"
Nathaniel Ruggles Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected. Nathaniel Ruggles (Federalist) 50.4%
Ebenezer Seaver D(R) 46.9%
Others 2.7%
Massachusetts 14
"1st Eastern district, District of Maine"
Cyrus King Federalist 1812 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Holmes (Democratic-Republican) 58.9%
Cyrus King (Federalist) 38.0%
Others 3.1%
Massachusetts 15
"2nd Eastern district, District of Maine"
George Bradbury Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Ezekiel Whitman (Federalist) 51.5%
Mark Harris (Democratic-Republican) 48.5%
Massachusetts 16
"3rd Eastern district, District of Maine"
Benjamin Brown Federalist 1812 Ran for re-election in the 18th district
Federalist hold.
Benjamin Orr (Federalist) 63.3%
Erastus Foote (Democratic-Republican) 36.7%
Massachusetts 17
"4th Eastern district, District of Maine"
James Carr Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
John Wilson (Federalist) 55.2%
Martin Kinsley (Democratic-Republican) 44.8%
Massachusetts 18
"5th Eastern district, District of Maine"
Thomas Rice Federalist 1814 Incumbent re-elected. First ballot (November 4, 1816):
Benjamin Brown (Federalist) 41.2%
Nathan Cutler (Democratic-Republican) 31.6%
Samuel S. Conner (Democratic-Republican) 27.2%

Second ballot (January 27, 1817):
Benjamin Brown (Federalist) 45.0%
Samuel S. Conner (Democratic-Republican) 22.5%
Nathan Cutler (Democratic-Republican) 21.9%
Others 10.6%

Third ballot (May 1, 1817):
Benjamin Brown (Federalist) 39.4%
Samuel S. Conner (Democratic-Republican) 31.4%
Nathan Cutler (Democratic-Republican) 15.9%
Obed Wilson (Democratic-Republican) 7.0%
Joshua Cushman (Democratic-Republican) 3.1%
Others 3.2%

Fourth ballot (July 21, 1817):
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 48.7%
Samuel S. Conner (Democratic-Republican) 37.8%
Obed Wilson (Democratic-Republican) 7.5%
Joshua Cushman (Democratic-Republican) 2.5%
Others 3.5%

Fifth ballot (September 29, 1817):
Joshua Cushman (Democratic-Republican) 47.2%
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 40.4%
Others 12.4%

Sixth ballot (December 1, 1817):
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 51.0%
Joshua Cushman (Democratic-Republican) 45.6%
Others 3.4%
Samuel S. Conner
Formerly served in the 19th district.
Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent lost re-election.
Democratic-Republican loss.
Massachusetts 19
"6th Eastern district, District of Maine"
Vacant Incumbent ran in the 18th district.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (November 4, 1816):
James Parker (Democratic-Republican) 42.9%
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 41.2%
John Chandler (Democratic-Republican) 15.0%
Others 0.9%

Second ballot (January 27, 1817):
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 38.2%
John Chandler (Democratic-Republican) 31.7%
James Parker (Democratic-Republican) 30.1%

Third ballot (May 1, 1817):
James Parker (Democratic-Republican) 43.8%
Peter Grant (Federalist) 39.0%
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 6.5%
Joshua Gage (Democratic-Republican) 5.6%
John Chandler (Democratic-Republican) 5.1%

Fourth ballot (July 21, 1817):
Peter Grant (Federalist) 50.0%[g]
James Parker (Democratic-Republican) 32.2%
Joshua Gage (Democratic-Republican) 11.9%
Others 5.9%

Fifth ballot (September 29, 1817):
Joshua Gage (Democratic-Republican) 60.4%
Peter Grant (Federalist) 39.6%
Massachusetts 20
"7th Eastern district, District of Maine"
Albion K. Parris Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent re-elected. Albion K. Parris (Democratic-Republican) 58.2%
Samuel A. Bradley (Federalist) 35.8%
Levi Hubbard (Democratic-Republican) 6.0%

Mississippi[edit]

Mississippi was admitted as a state on December 10, 1817[16] from the western half of the former Mississippi Territory (the eastern half became Alabama Territory) It elected its first representative to Congress August 4–5, 1817.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Mississippi at-large None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
George Poindexter (Democratic-Republican) 99.8%
Christopher Rankin (Democratic-Republican) 0.2%

New Hampshire[edit]

New Hampshire elected its members August 26, 1816.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[c]
New Hampshire at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Bradbury Cilley Federalist 1812 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Josiah Butler (Democratic-Republican) 8.9%
Nathaniel Upham (Democratic-Republican) 8.9%
Clifton Clagett (Democratic-Republican) 8.9%
Salma Hale (Democratic-Republican) 8.9%
John F. Parrott (Democratic-Republican) 8.7%
Arthur Livermore (Democratic-Republican) 8.7%
William Hale (Federalist) 7.8%
Jeremiah Smith (Federalist) 7.8%
Jeduthun Wilcox (Federalist) 7.8%
Roger Vose (Federalist) 7.8%
Bradbury Cilley (Federalist) 7.7%
Parker Noyes (Federalist) 7.7%
Charles Humphrey Atherton Federalist 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
William Hale Federalist 1808
1810 (Lost)
1812
Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Roger Vose Federalist 1812 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Daniel Webster Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Jeduthun Wilcox Federalist 1812 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.

New Jersey[edit]

In 1816, the Democratic-Republican candidates ran unopposed.

New Jersey elected its members November 4–5, 1816.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
New Jersey at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Lewis Condict Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Linn (Democratic-Republican) 17.1%
Charles Kinsey (Democratic-Republican) 16.8%
Henry Southard (Democratic-Republican) 16.7%
Joseph Bloomfield (Democratic-Republican) 16.6%
Benjamin Bennet (Democratic-Republican) 16.5%
Ephraim Bateman (Democratic-Republican) 16.4%
Thomas Ward Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Henry Southard Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent re-elected.
Ephraim Bateman Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent re-elected.
Ezra Baker Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Benjamin Bennet Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent re-elected.

New York[edit]

New York elected its members April 23 to 25, 1816.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[c]
New York 1
Plural district with 2 seats
George Townsend Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent re-elected. George Townsend (Democratic-Republican) 26.9%
Tredwell Scudder (Democratic-Republican) 26.8%
Nathaniel Smith (Federalist) 23.2%
Samuel Jones (Federalist) 23.2%
Henry Crocheron Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 2
Plural district with 2 seats
William Irving Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. William Irving (Democratic-Republican) 29.0%
Peter H. Wendover (Democratic-Republican) 28.9%
Josiah Ogden Hoffman Sr. (Federalist) 21.1%
Isaac Ely (Federalist) 21.0%
Peter H. Wendover Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 3 Jonathan Ward Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Caleb Tompkins (Democratic-Republican) 56.8%
Abraham Odell (Federalist) 42.8%
New York 4 Abraham H. Schenck Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Winner died February 18, 1817, leading to a special election.
Henry B. Lee (Democratic-Republican) 52.6%
Henry A. Livingston (Federalist) 47.2%
New York 5 Thomas P. Grosvenor Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Philip J. Schuyler (Federalist) 58.8%
James I. Van Alen (Democratic-Republican) 41.1%
New York 6 James W. Wilkin Democratic-Republican 1815 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. James W. Wilkin (Democratic-Republican) 55.4%
James Burt (Federalist) 44.6%
New York 7 Samuel R. Betts Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Josiah Hasbrouck (Democratic-Republican) 51.7%
John Sudam (Federalist) 48.2%
New York 8 Erastus Root Democratic-Republican 1802
1804 (Lost)
1808
1810 (Retired)
1815 (Won contest)
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Dorrance Kirtland (Democratic-Republican) 56.2%
Samuel Sherwood (Federalist) 43.7%
New York 9 John Lovett Federalist 1812 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Rensselaer Westerlo (Federalist) 56.2%
Elisha Jenkins (Democratic-Republican) 36.6%
John Lovett (Federalist) 7.1%
New York 10 Hosea Moffitt Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
John P. Cushman (Federalist) 54.9%
Thomas Turner (Democratic-Republican) 44.9%
New York 11 John W. Taylor Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected. John W. Taylor (Democratic-Republican) 53.4%
Elisha Powell (Federalist) 46.6%
New York 12
Plural district with 2 seats
John Savage Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent re-elected. John Savage (Democratic-Republican) 27.2%
John Palmer (Democratic-Republican) 24.5%
Henry H. Ross (Federalist) 24.3%
Zebulon R. Shipherd (Federalist) 24.1%
Asa Adgate Democratic-Republican 1815 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 13 John B. Yates Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Thomas Lawyer (Democratic-Republican) 54.9%
William Beekman (Federalist) 45.1%
New York 14 Daniel Cady Federalist 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Herkimer (Democratic-Republican) 50.8%
Richard Van Horn (Federalist) 49.2%
New York 15
Plural district with 2 seats
Jabez D. Hammond Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Isaac Williams Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 26.6%
John R. Drake (Democratic-Republican) 26.6%
James Clapp (Federalist) 23.4%
James Hyde (Federalist) 23.4%
James Birdsall Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 16 Thomas R. Gold Federalist 1808
1814
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Henry R. Storrs (Federalist) 52.5%
Nathan Williams (Democratic-Republican) 47.3%
New York 17 Westel Willoughby Jr. Federalist 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Thomas H. Hubbard (Democratic-Republican) 51.5%
Simeon Ford (Federalist) 48.4%
New York 18 Moss Kent Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
David A. Ogden (Federalist) 50.4%
Ela Collins (Democratic-Republican) 49.5%
New York 19 Victory Birdseye Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
James Porter (Democratic-Republican) 55.3%
James Geddes (Federalist) 44.5%
New York 20
Plural district with 2 seats
Enos T. Throop Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Incumbent then resigned June 4, 1816, leading to a special election.
Daniel Cruger (Democratic-Republican) 35.5%
Oliver C. Comstock (Democratic-Republican) 25.7%
Elijah Miller (Federalist) 14.5%
Benjamin Johnson (Federalist) 10.1%
Enos T. Throop (Democratic-Republican) 7.1%
Eleazer Lindsley (Federalist) 4.0%
Oliver C. Comstock Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 21
Plural district with 2 seats
Micah Brooks Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Benjamin Ellicott (Democratic-Republican) 29.4%
John C. Spencer (Democratic-Republican) 27.0%
Phillip Church (Federalist) 20.6%
Graham Newell (Federalist) 20.4%
Micah Brooks (Democratic-Republican) 2.2%
Peter B. Porter Democratic-Republican 1808
1812 (Retired)
1814
Incumbent resigned January 23, 1816 to become Commissioner under the Treaty of Ghent.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Winner was not elected to finish the term, see above.

North Carolina[edit]

North Carolina elected its members August 14, 1817.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
North Carolina 1 William H. Murfree Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Lemuel Sawyer (Democratic-Republican) 38.0%
Joseph Ferebee (Democratic-Republican) 33.1%
Henry Skinner (Federalist) 28.9%
North Carolina 2 Joseph H. Bryan Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph H. Bryan (Democratic-Republican)[d]
North Carolina 3 James W. Clark Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Thomas H. Hall (Democratic-Republican) 100%
North Carolina 4 William Gaston Federalist 1813 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Jesse Slocumb (Federalist) 54.0%
Henry J. G. Ruffin (Democratic-Republican) 46.0%
North Carolina 5 Charles Hooks Democratic-Republican 1816 (Special) Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
James Owen (Democratic-Republican) 55.4%
Charles Hooks (Democratic-Republican) 44.6%
North Carolina 6 Weldon N. Edwards Democratic-Republican 1816 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Weldon N. Edwards (Democratic-Republican) 80.5%
Solomon Green (Federalist) 19.5%
North Carolina 7 John Culpepper Federalist 1806
1808 (Contested election)
1808 (Special)
1813
Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Successor died before being seated, leading to a special election.
Alexander McMillan (Federalist) 58.7%
John Culpepper (Federalist) 41.3%
North Carolina 8 Samuel Dickens Democratic-Republican 1816 (Special) Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
James S. Smith (Democratic-Republican) 52.3%
Samuel Dickens (Democratic-Republican) 46.9%
North Carolina 9 Bartlett Yancey Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Thomas Settle (Democratic-Republican) 78.4%
Romulus M. Saunders (Democratic-Republican) 21.6%
North Carolina 10 William C. Love Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
George Mumford (Democratic-Republican) 53.9%
John L. Henderson (Federalist) 46.1%
North Carolina 11 Daniel M. Forney Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent re-elected. Daniel M. Forney (Democratic-Republican)[d]
North Carolina 12 Israel Pickens Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Felix Walker (Democratic-Republican) 42.8%
John Paxton (Democratic-Republican) 38.5%
William Porter (Democratic-Republican) 18.7%
North Carolina 13 Lewis Williams Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent re-elected. Lewis Williams[d]

Ohio[edit]

Ohio elected its members October 8, 1816.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[c]
Ohio 1 John McLean Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent resigned in April 1816 become Associate Judge of Ohio Supreme Court.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Winner also elected, the same day, to finish the current next term.
William Henry Harrison (Democratic-Republican) 57.2%
Thomas R. Ross (Democratic-Republican) 24.0%
William Corry (Federalist) 10.4%
William C. Schenck (Federalist) 6.0%
Matthias Ross (Democratic-Republican) 1.5%
Ohio 2 John Alexander Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John W. Campbell (Democratic-Republican) 55.9%
Isaiah Morris (Democratic-Republican) 23.0%
Thomas Morris (Democratic-Republican) 17.4%
John Alexander (Democratic-Republican) 1.8%
Thomas Foote (Democratic-Republican) 1.2%
Ohio 3 William Creighton Jr. Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Levi Barber (Democratic-Republican) 40.7%
Henry Brush (Democratic-Republican) 31.5%
Joseph Kerr (Democratic-Republican) 12.8%
Samuel Monett (Democratic-Republican) 10.8%
John A. Fulton (Democratic-Republican) 4.1%
Ohio 4 James Caldwell Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Election was later unsuccessfully contested.[2]
Samuel Herrick (Democratic-Republican) 57.7%
John C. Wright (Democratic-Republican) 41.9%
Ohio 5 James Kilbourne Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Philemon Beecher (Federalist) 19.6%
Joseph Vance (Democratic-Republican) 18.6%
Joseph Foos (Democratic-Republican) 13.9%
Daniel C. Cooper (Federalist) 13.6%
William Ludlow (Democratic-Republican) 9.1%
Daniel Smith (Democratic-Republican) 8.7%
Fielding Lowry (Democratic-Republican) 8.2%
Robert F. Slaughter (Democratic-Republican) 4.7%
Chester Griswold (Democratic-Republican) 3.6%
Ohio 6 David Clendenin Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Peter Hitchcock (Democratic-Republican) 57.5%
Joseph Richardson (Democratic-Republican) 28.0%
John G. Young (Democratic-Republican) 8.5%
David Clendenin (Democratic-Republican) 5.9%

Pennsylvania[edit]

Pennsylvania elected its members October 8, 1816.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[c][18]
Pennsylvania 1
Plural district with 4 seats
John Sergeant Federalist 1815 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Adam Seybert (Democratic-Republican) 13.9%
William Anderson (Democratic-Republican) 13.8%
John Sergeant (Federalist) 12.5%
Joseph Hopkinson (Federalist) 12.3%
William Milnor (Federalist) 12.2%
Samuel Edwards (Federalist) 12.1%
Jacob Summer (Democratic-Republican) 8.8%
John Conard (Democratic-Republican) 8.1%
William J. Duane (Democratic-Republican) 6.3%
Joseph Hopkinson Federalist 1814 Incumbent re-elected.
William Milnor Federalist 1806
1810 (Lost)
1814
Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Thomas Smith Federalist 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Pennsylvania 2
Plural district with 2 seats
William Darlington Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Levi Pawling (Federalist) 25.5%
Isaac Darlington (Federalist) 25.1%
William Darlington (Democratic-Republican) 25.1%
John Hahn 24.3%
John Hahn Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Pennsylvania 3
Plural district with 2 seats
John Whiteside Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent re-elected. John Whiteside (Democratic-Republican) 39.4%
James M. Wallace (Democratic-Republican) 39.0%
Amos Slaymaker (Federalist) 21.6%
James M. Wallace Democratic-Republican 1815 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 4 Hugh Glasgow Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Jacob Spangler (Democratic-Republican) 67.1%
Jacob Hay (Federalist) 32.9%
Pennsylvania 5
Plural district with 2 seats
William Maclay Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent re-elected. William Maclay (Democratic-Republican) 31.0%
Andrew Boden (Democratic-Republican) 27.8%
James McSherry (Federalist) 19.8%
John McClelland (Federalist) 18.1%
William Crawford (Democratic-Republican) 3.3%
William Crawford Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 6
Plural district with 2 seats
Samuel D. Ingham Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected. John Ross (Democratic-Republican) 50.8%
Samuel D. Ingham (Democratic-Republican) 49.2%
John Ross Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 7 Joseph Hiester Democratic-Republican 1798
1804 (Retired)
1814
Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Hiester (Democratic-Republican) 85.0%
Charles Shoemaker (Democratic-Republican) 8.6%
Daniel Udree (Democratic-Republican) 6.4%
Pennsylvania 8 William Piper Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Alexander Ogle (Democratic-Republican) 99.7%
Pennsylvania 9 Thomas Burnside Democratic-Republican 1815 (Special) Incumbent resigned in April 1816 to accept judicial appointment.
New member elected October 8, 1816.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor also elected, the same day, to finish the term.
William P. Maclay (Democratic-Republican) 75.7%
James A. Banks (Federalist) 24.3%
Pennsylvania 10
Plural district with 2 seats
William Wilson Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent re-elected. William Wilson (Democratic-Republican) 32.5%
David Scott (Democratic-Republican) 31.5%
William Buyers (Federalist) 14.8
George Kremer (Democratic-Republican) 8.8%
Roswell Wells (Federalist) 8.8%
Charles Maus 3.5%
Jared Irwin Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor resigned before Congress started, leading to a special election.
Pennsylvania 11 William Findley Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
David Marchand (Democratic-Republican) 52.8%
George Armstrong (Federalist) 47.2%
Pennsylvania 12 Aaron Lyle Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Thomas Patterson (Democratic-Republican) 87.2%
John Hughes (Federalist) 12.8%
Pennsylvania 13 Isaac Griffin Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Christian Tarr (Democratic-Republican) 50.8%
Presley C. Lane (Democratic-Republican) 19.7%
Henry Heaton (Democratic-Republican) 14.2%
Thomas McKibben (Democratic-Republican) 11.7%
Thomas Hersey (Democratic-Republican) 3.6%
Pennsylvania 14 John Woods Federalist 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Henry Baldwin (Democratic-Republican) 61.6%
Walter Lowrie (Democratic-Republican) 38.4%
Pennsylvania 15 Thomas Wilson Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Robert Moore (Democratic-Republican) 51.1%
William Clark (Federalist) 48.9%

Rhode Island[edit]

Rhode Island elected its members August 27, 1816.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Rhode Island at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
John L. Boss Jr. Federalist 1814 Incumbent re-elected. John L. Boss Jr. (Federalist) 50.1%
James B. Mason (Federalist) 49.9%
James B. Mason Federalist 1814 Incumbent re-elected.

South Carolina[edit]

South Carolina elected its members October 14–15, 1816.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1
"Charleston district"
Henry Middleton Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent re-elected. Henry Middleton (Democratic-Republican) 56.4%
William Crafts Jr. (Federalist) 43.6%
South Carolina 2
"Beaufort district"
William Lowndes Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent re-elected. William Lowndes (Democratic-Republican) 92.5%
Others 7.5%
South Carolina 3
"Georgetown district"
Benjamin Huger Federalist 1798
1804 (Retired)
1814
Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain
James Ervin (Democratic-Republican) 54.8%
Benjamin Huger (Federalist) 45.2%
South Carolina 4
"Orangeburgh district"
John J. Chappell Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Joseph Bellinger (Democratic-Republican) 47.2%
John J. Chappell (Democratic-Republican) 31.6%
John C. Allen (Democratic-Republican) 21.2%
South Carolina 5
"Newberry district"
William Woodward Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Starling Tucker (Democratic-Republican)[d]
William Woodward (Democratic-Republican)
South Carolina 6
"Abbeville district"
John C. Calhoun Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent re-elected. John C. Calhoun (Democratic-Republican) 43.2%
Edmund Bacon (Federalist) 31.5%
William Butler (Democratic-Republican) 25.3%
South Carolina 7
"Pendleton district"
John Taylor Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Elias Earle (Democratic-Republican) 50.7%
Andrew Pickens (Democratic-Republican) 26.7%
John Taylor (Democratic-Republican) 22.6%
South Carolina 8
"Chester district"
Thomas Moore Democratic-Republican 1800
1812 (Retired)
1814
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Wilson Nesbitt (Democratic-Republican) 41.4%
James MacKibben (Democratic-Republican) 32.3%
William Smith (Democratic-Republican) 20.3%
William Rice (Democratic-Republican) 5.9%
South Carolina 9
"Sumter district"
William Mayrant Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Incumbent then resigned October 21, 1816, leading to a special election, won by the winner of the general election.
Stephen D. Miller (Democratic-Republican) 73.6%
William Mayrant (Democratic-Republican) 26.4%

Tennessee[edit]

Tennessee elected its members August 7–8, 1817.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[c]
Tennessee 1 Samuel Powell Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Rhea (Democratic-Republican) 63.9%
Alexander Sevier (Democratic-Republican) 36.1%
Tennessee 2 William G. Blount Democratic-Republican 1815 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. William G. Blount (Democratic-Republican) 61.8%
John Cocke (Democratic-Republican) 38.2%
Tennessee 3 Isaac Thomas Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Francis Jones (Democratic-Republican) 35.2%
James Rogers 24.7%
Joseph Pickens 24.1%
Queen Morton 16.0%
Tennessee 4 Bennett H. Henderson Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Samuel Hogg (Democratic-Republican) 63.5%
Archibald Overton (Democratic-Republican) 36.5%
Tennessee 5 Newton Cannon Democratic-Republican 1814 (Special) Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Thomas Claiborne (Democratic-Republican) 47.6%
Newton Cannon (Democratic-Republican) 28.5%
Robert Weakley (Democratic-Republican) 23.9%
Tennessee 6 James B. Reynolds Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
George W. L. Marr (Democratic-Republican) 46.5%
Peter R. Booker 26.8%
Thomas Johnson 19.3%
James B. Reynolds (Democratic-Republican) 4.2%
Samuel Goodridge 3.1%

Vermont[edit]

Vermont elected its members September 3, 1816, replacing its six Federalists with six Democratic-Republicans.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Vermont at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Daniel Chipman Federalist 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Mark Richards (Democratic-Republican) 9.2%
William Hunter (Democratic-Republican) 9.2%
Heman Allen (Democratic-Republican) 9.1%
Orsamus Cook Merrill (Democratic-Republican) 9.1%
Samuel C. Crafts (Democratic-Republican) 9.1%
Charles Rich (Democratic-Republican) 9.1%
Chauncey Langdon (Federalist) 7.6%
Jonathan H. Hubbard (Federalist) 7.6%
Phineas White (Federalist) 7.6%
Asa Lyon (Federalist) 7.6%
David Edmonds (Federalist) 7.6%
Samuel Prentiss (Federalist) 7.5%
Luther Jewett Federalist 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Chauncey Langdon Federalist 1814 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Asa Lyon Federalist 1814 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Charles Marsh Federalist 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Noyes Federalist 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.

Virginia[edit]

Virginia elected its members in April 1817.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Virginia 1 John G. Jackson Democratic-Republican 1803
1810 (Resigned)
1813
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
James Pindall (Federalist) 100%
Virginia 2 Magnus Tate Federalist 1815 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Edward Colston (Federalist) 61.2%
Daniel Morgan (Democratic-Republican) 30.9%
Robert Bailey (Democratic-Republican) 7.9%
Virginia 3 Henry S. Tucker Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent re-elected. Henry S. Tucker (Democratic-Republican) 67.8%
William Carson (Democratic-Republican) 32.2%
Virginia 4 William McCoy Democratic-Republican 1811 Incumbent re-elected. William McCoy (Democratic-Republican)[d]
Virginia 5 James Breckinridge Federalist 1809 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Floyd (Democratic-Republican) 57.6
Elijah MacClannahan (Federalist) 42.4%
Virginia 6 Daniel Sheffey Federalist 1809 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain
Alexander Smyth (Democratic-Republican) 67.0%
Benjamin Estill (Federalist) 33.0%
Virginia 7 Ballard Smith Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent re-elected. Ballard Smith (Democratic-Republican) 94.7%
John Gray (Federalist) 5.3%
Virginia 8 Joseph Lewis Jr. Federalist 1803 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Charles F. Mercer (Federalist) 52.6%
Armistead Mason (Democratic-Republican) 47.4%
Virginia 9 John P. Hungerford Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Lee Ball (Democratic-Republican) 44.6%
John P. Hungerford (Democratic-Republican) 40.9%
Henry Lee Jr. (Federalist) 14.5%
Virginia 10 Aylett Hawes Democratic-Republican 1811 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
George Strother (Democratic-Republican) 51.3%
John Shackleford (Federalist) 48.7%
Virginia 11 Philip P. Barbour Democratic-Republican 1814 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Philip P. Barbour (Democratic-Republican)[d]
Virginia 12 William H. Roane Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Robert S. Garnett (Democratic-Republican)[d]
Edwin Upshaw (Democratic-Republican)
William H. Roane (Democratic-Republican)
Virginia 13 Burwell Bassett Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent re-elected. Burwell Bassett (Democratic-Republican) 73.3%
John Eyre (Federalist) 24.8%
M. S. Pitts[e] (Federalist) 1.9%
Virginia 14 William A. Burwell Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent re-elected. William A. Burwell (Democratic-Republican)[d]
Virginia 15 John Kerr Democratic-Republican 1815 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William J. Lewis (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Virginia 16 John Randolph Democratic-Republican 1799
1813 (Lost)
1815
Incumbent lost-relection.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Archibald Austin (Democratic-Republican) 61.5%
John Randolph (Democratic-Republican) 38.5%
Virginia 17 James Pleasants Democratic-Republican 1811 Incumbent re-elected. James Pleasants (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Virginia 18 Thomas M. Nelson Democratic-Republican 1816 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Thomas M. Nelson (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Virginia 19 Peterson Goodwyn Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Peterson Goodwyn (Democratic-Republican) 96.9%
John Pegram (Democratic-Republican) 3.1%
Virginia 20 James Johnson Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent re-elected. James Johnson (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Virginia 21 Thomas Newton Jr. Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Newton Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 93.5%
Littleton W. Tazewell (Democratic-Republican) 6.5%
Virginia 22 Hugh Nelson Democratic-Republican 1811 Incumbent re-elected. Hugh Nelson (Democratic-Republican) 72.7%
Thomas W. Maury (Democratic-Republican) 27.3%
Virginia 23 John Tyler Democratic-Republican 1816 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. John Tyler (Democratic-Republican) 53.7%
Andrew Stevenson (Democratic-Republican) 46.3%

Non-voting delegates[edit]

There were four territories with the right to send delegates during at least part of the 15th Congress. Mississippi Territory only existed during the first few months of the 15th Congress, but did not elect a delegate, since it was admitted to the Union as a state a few days into the 1st Session of the 15th Congress. Illinois Territory also only existed during the 1st Session, as it was admitted to the Union as the State of Illinois on December 3, 1818. Alabama Territory was formed from the eastern half of Mississippi Territory, and its first (and only) delegate was seated on March 9, 1818.[2]

District Incumbent First
elected
Result Candidates[c]
Alabama Territory at-large None (District created) John Crowell[d]
Illinois Territory at-large Nathaniel Pope 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Nathaniel Pope[d]
John Caldwell
Missouri Territory at-large Rufus Easton 1814 Lost re-election John Scott 49.8%
Rufus Easton 49.4%
John Scott 54.4%
Rufus Easton 45.6%

There were two elections held for the delegate from Missouri Territory. The first was contested by Rufus Easton on the grounds of electoral fraud. This election was declared void, and a second election was held on August 4, 1817.[2] It was won without controversy by John Scott, who took his seat on December 8, 1817.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Figures are at variance with both Dubin (p. 62, which includes "140 Republicans, 1 Independent Republican, and 2 vacancies", in addition to "41 Federalists"), and Martis (p. 84) and "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, House of United States House of Representatives. (which both report 146 Democrat-Republicans, and 39 Federalists). But Dubin appears to incorrectly list Lewis Williams of NC-13 as a "Federalist" (see pg. 60 and 55, etc.) instead of a "Democrat-Republican", while Martis lists Philemon Beecher of OH-05 as a "Democrat-Republican" instead of a "Federalist", which if accounted for would revise both Dubin's and Martis's totals to 40 Federalists (and therefore 144 Democrat-Republicans).
  2. ^ A majority was required for election, which was not met in the initial election for 5 districts requiring additional trials to be held on January 27, May 1, July 21, September 29, and December 1, 1817.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Only candidates with at least 1% of the vote listed.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Numbers of votes missing or incomplete in source
  5. ^ a b Full name unknown.
  6. ^ District numbers differed between source used and elsewhere on Wikipedia; district numbers used elsewhere on Wikipedia used here.
  7. ^ Exactly 50%.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stat. 349
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Fourteenth Congress March 4, 1815, to March 3, 1817". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
  3. ^ "North Carolina 1816 U.S. House of Representatives, District 6, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  4. ^ "Maryland 1816 U.S. House of Representatives, District 5, Special, January". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  5. ^ "New York 1816 U.S. House of Representatives, District 21, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  6. ^ "North Carolina 1816 U.S. House of Representatives, District 5, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  7. ^ "North Carolina 1816 U.S. House of Representatives, District 8, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  8. ^ "New York 1816 U.S. House of Representatives, District 20, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  9. ^ "Maryland 1816 U.S. House of Representatives, District 5, Special, September". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  10. ^ "Maryland 1816 U.S. House of Representatives, District 3, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  11. ^ "Ohio 1816 U.S. House of Representatives, District 1, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  12. ^ "South Carolina 1816 U.S. House of Representatives, District 9, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  13. ^ "Georgia 1816 U.S. House of Representatives, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  14. ^ "Indiana 1816 U.S. House of Representatives". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  15. ^ "Virginia 1816 U.S. House of Representatives, District 23, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  16. ^ a b c d e f "Fifteenth Congress March 4, 1817, to March 3, 1819". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved November 2, 2018 – via History.house.gov.
  17. ^ "Maryland 1816 U.S. House of Representatives, District 5". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  18. ^ Cox, Harold (January 31, 2007). "Pennsylvania Election Statistics: 1682–2006". The Wilkes University Election Statistics Project. Wilkes University.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]