1825 in the United States
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The following are events from the year 1825 in the United States.
- President: James Monroe (DR-Virginia) (until March 4), John Quincy Adams (DR/NR-Massachusetts) (starting March 4)
- Vice President: Daniel D. Tompkins (DR-New York) (until March 4), John C. Calhoun (D-South Carolina) (starting March 4)
- Chief Justice: John Marshall (Virginia)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Henry Clay (DR-Kentucky) (until March 4), John W. Taylor (DR-New York) (starting December 5)
- Congress: 18th (until March 4), 19th (starting March 4)
- January 10 – Indianapolis becomes the capital of Indiana (moved from Corydon, Indiana).
- February 9 – After no presidential candidate received a majority of electoral votes, the United States House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams President of the United States.
- February 12 – Treaty of Indian Springs: The Lower Creek Council, led by William McIntosh, cedes a large amount of Creek territory in Georgia to the United States government.
- March 4 – John Quincy Adams is sworn in as the sixth President of the United States.
- April 30 – Upper Creek chief Menawa leads an attack that assassinates William McIntosh for signing the Treaty of Indian Springs.
- May 11 – American Tract Society is founded.
- June 3 – Kansa Nation cedes its territory to the United States (see History of Kansas).
- June 11 – The first cornerstone is laid for Fort Hamilton in New York City.
- July 14 – The Jefferson Literary and Debating Society is founded by 16 disgruntled members of the now-defunct Patrick Henry Society in Room 7, West Lawn, of the University of Virginia.
- August 19 – First Treaty of Prairie du Chien at Fort Crawford, Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin
- October 26 – The Erie Canal opens, granting passage from Albany, New York to Lake Erie.
- November 7 – Treaty of St. Louis: 1,400 Missouri Shawnees were forcibly relocated from Missouri to Kansas. (See History of Kansas)
- November 12 – New Echota designated capital of the Cherokee Nation.
- November 26 – At Union College in Schenectady, New York a group of college students form Kappa Alpha Society as the first college social fraternity (it was the first to combine aspects of secret Greek-letter societies, literary societies and formalized student social groups).
- The Osage Nation cedes traditional lands by treaty.
- The Cherokee Nation officially adopts Sequoyah's syllabary.
- Vancouver, Washington is established by Dr. John McLoughlin on behalf of the Hudson's Bay Company.
- Ypsilanti, Michigan is established.
- Vicksburg, Mississippi is incorporated.
- New Harmony, Indiana established as a social experiment, built by the Harmony Society and sold to Robert Owen.
- The United States Postal Service starts a dead letter office.
- Centenary College of Louisiana is founded in Jackson, Louisiana. The campus later moves to Shreveport, Louisiana.
- Era of Good Feelings (1817–1825)
- January 5 – John Mason Loomis, lumber tycoon, Union militia colonel in the American Civil War and philanthropist (died 1900)
- January 11
- January 25 – George Pickett, Confederate general in the American Civil War (died 1876)
- February 11 – Frank Pidgeon, baseball pitcher (died 1884)
- April 7 – John H. Gear, U.S. Senator from Iowa from 1895 to 1900 (died 1900)
- April 17 – Jerome B. Chaffee, U.S. Senator from Colorado from 1876 to 1879 (died 1886)
- June 1 – John Hunt Morgan, Confederate general in the American Civil War (died 1864)
- July 2 – Richard Henry Stoddard, critic and poet (died 1903)
- July 10 – Benjamin Paul Akers, sculptor (died 1861)
- July 15 – Joseph Carter Abbott, U.S. Senator from North Carolina from 1868 to 1871 (died 1881)
- July 19 – George H. Pendleton, politician (died 1889)
- August 7 – Jacob Wrey Mould, New York architect, illustrator, linguist and musician (died 1886)
- August 10 – Edmund Spangler, carpenter and stagehand employed at Ford's Theatre at the time of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (died 1875)
- September 13 – William Henry Rinehart, sculptor (died 1874)
- September 17 – Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar II, politician and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (died 1893)
- September 24 – Frances Harper, née Watkins, African American poet and abolitionist (died 1911)
- October 8 – Paschal Beverly Randolph, occultist (died 1875)
- November 9 – A. P. Hill, Confederate general (killed 1865 in the American Civil War)
- December 18 – John S. Harris, U.S. Senator from Louisiana from 1868 to 1871 (died 1906)
- December 30
- January 8 – Eli Whitney, inventor of the cotton gin and milling machine (born 1765)
- March 1 – John Haggin, "Indian fighter" and early settler of Kentucky (born 1753)
- March 4 – Hercules Mulligan, tailor and spy during the American Revolutionary War (born 1740)
- March 25 – Raphaelle Peale, still-life painter (born 1774)
- June 1 – Daniel Tompkins, sixth Vice President of the United States from 1817 to 1825 (born 1774)
- June 4 – Morris Birkbeck, writer and social reformer (born 1764)
- June 14 – Pierre Charles L'Enfant, architect and civil engineer (born 1754 in France)
- August 16 – Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, politician and soldier (born 1746)
- August 27 – Lucretia Maria Davidson, poet (born 1808; died of consumption)
- December 28 – James Wilkinson, soldier and statesman (born 1757)
- MacKay, Robert B.; Baker, Anthony K.; Traynor, Carol A. (1997). Long Island country houses and their architects, 1860-1940. Norton. p. 188. ISBN 978-0-393-03856-9.
- Media related to 1825 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons