1828 in the United States
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Events from the year 1828 in the United States.
- President: John Quincy Adams (DR/NR-Massachusetts)
- Vice President: John C. Calhoun (D-South Carolina)
- Chief Justice: John Marshall (Virginia)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Andrew Stevenson (D-Virginia)
- Congress: 20th
- January 8 – Democratic Party is established.
- February 19 – The Boston Society for Medical Improvement is established.
- February 21 – The Cherokee Phœnix, the first newspaper published by Native Americans in the United States and in one of their indigenous languages (Cherokee), is first issued in New Echota.
- May 19 – The Tariff of 1828 is enacted. Critics name it the Tariff of Abominations because they see it as unfairly protective of northern industry to the detriment of the southern economy.
- July 4 – Construction of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad commences with a cornerstone laid by Charles Carroll of Carrollton.
- August 11 – the Working Men's Party is founded in the City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania as the 1st 'worker oriented' political party in the USA.
- October 27 – gold is discovered by Benjamin Parks in or near Cherokee First Nation land in Hall County - later reorganized into Lumpkin County - in, Georgia.
- December 3 – U.S. presidential election: Challenger Andrew Jackson beats incumbent John Quincy Adams and is elected President of the United States.
- December 19 – A document written by U.S. Vice President John C. Calhoun titled South Carolina Exposition and Protest is presented to the South Carolina House of Representatives protesting the Tariff of Abominations.
- The U.S. House of Representatives election increased the majority of the Jacksonian Democrats.
- White comedian Thomas D. Rice introduces blackface and the song "Jump Jim Crow" to American audiences.
- Noah Webster's American Dictionary of the English Language is published.
- A History of the Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus, a novel by Washington Irving, is published and popularizes the common misconception that Europeans thought the Earth was flat prior to the explorations of Columbus.
- Two minor political parties are formed: The single-issue Anti-Masonic Party in upstate New York, and the Nullifier Party advocating states' rights in opposition to the Tariff of Abominations.
- A ring spinning machine is developed in the United States.
- American Peace Society established.
- January 2 – George M. Chilcott, U.S. Senator from Colorado from 1882 to 1883 (died 1891)
- January 28 – Thomas C. Hindman, U.S. Representative from Arkansas from 1859 to 1861 and Confederate general (murdered 1868)
- May 26 – Benjamin F. Rice, U.S. Senator from Arkansas from 1868 to 1873 (died 1905)
- March 24 – Horace Gray, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (died 1902)
- April 28 – Richard Arnold, Union Army brigadier general (died 1882)
- June 2 – James Cutler Dunn Parker, organist and composer (died 1916)
- July 8 – David Turpie, U.S. Senator from Indiana in 1863 and from 1887 to 1899 (died 1909)
- July 14 – Jervis McEntee, painter of the Hudson River School (died 1891)
- August 6 – Andrew Taylor Still, "father of osteopathy" (died 1917)
- August 28 – William A. Hammond, military physician and neurologist, 11th Surgeon General of the U.S. Army from 1862 to 1864 (died 1900)
- September 8
- October 19 – James F. Wilson, U.S. Senator from Iowa from 1883 to 1895 (died 1895)
- October 20 – Horatio Spafford, author of the hymn "It Is Well with My Soul" (died 1888)
- October 26 – William M. Robbins, U.S. Representative from North Carolina (died 1905)
- October 29 – Thomas F. Bayard, U.S. Senator from Delaware from 1869 to 1885 and U.S. Secretary of State from 1885 till 1889 (died 1898)
- November 17 – Milton Wright, bishop of the United Brethren Church and father of aviation pioneers the Wright brothers (died 1917)
- December 8 – Clinton B. Fisk, temperance leader (died 1890)
- February 11 – DeWitt Clinton, 6th Governor of New York, U.S. Senator (born 1769)
- March 25 – Maria Reynolds, mistress of Alexander Hamilton (died 1768)
- June 1 – Lyncoya Jackson, 2nd adopted son of Andrew Jackson (born c. 1811)
- July 9 – Gilbert Stuart, painter (born 1755)
- September 20 – George Bethune English, adventurer, marine and diplomat (born 1797)
- December 22 – Rachel Jackson, wife of Andrew Jackson (born 1767)
- Full date unknown – William Lee, personal servant and slave of George Washington (born 1750)
- Loesch, Alyce. "Interpreting the Constitution: The Unconstitutionality of the Protective Tariff of 1828". The Gilder Lehrman Institute. Retrieved 2009-10-30.
- Russell, Jeffrey B. "The Myth of the Flat Earth". American Scientific Affiliation. Archived from the original on 2009-11-25. Retrieved 2009-10-30.
- Media related to 1828 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons