1880 United States House of Representatives elections

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1880 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1878 / 1879 November 2, 1880[a] 1882 →

All 293 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
147 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  J. Warren Keifer - Brady-Handy.jpg Samuel J. Randall - Brady-Handy.jpg
Leader J. Warren Keifer Samuel J. Randall
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Ohio 4th Pennsylvania 3rd
Last election 132 seats 148 seats[b]
Seats won 151[1][c] 131[1][c][d]
Seat change Increase 19 Decrease 17

  Third party
  NicholasFord.jpg
Leader Nicholas Ford
Party Greenback
Leader's seat Missouri 9th
Last election 13 seats
Seats won 10[1][c]
Seat change Decrease 3

House047ElectionMap.png
Elections results from the 1880 elections

Speaker before election

Samuel Randall
Democratic

Elected Speaker

Joseph Keifer
Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1880 for Representatives to the 47th Congress, and coincided with the 1880 presidential election which was won by James A. Garfield, who was a member of the House at the time.

Issues such as Civil War loyalties, tariffs, graft and corruption dominated the year's elections, though none became substantive a national issue. The economy was growing stronger after emerging from a long Depression. It was in this political environment that Garfield's Republican Party gained 19 seats and regained control of the House from the Democratic Party. The Greenback Party, an emerging party of workers and farmers, also lost seats in these elections, after gaining more than a dozen two years earlier.[2][3]

Election summaries[edit]

151 10 131
Republican Gb Democratic
State Type Total
seats
Republican Democratic Greenback
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 8 1 Increase 1 6 Decrease 1 1 Steady
Arkansas District 4 0 Steady 4 Steady 0 Steady
California District 4 2 Decrease 1 2 Increase 1 0 Steady
Colorado At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Connecticut District 4 3 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Florida District 2 1 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia District 9 0 Steady 9[e] Steady 0 Steady
Illinois District 19 13 Increase 1 6 Steady 0 Decrease 1
Indiana District 13 8 Increase 2 5 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Iowa District 9 8 Increase 1 1 Increase 1 0 Decrease 2
Kansas District 3 3 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky District 10 1 Increase 1 9 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Louisiana District 6 1 Increase 1 5 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Maine[f] District 5 3 Steady 0 Steady 2 Steady
Maryland District 6 1 Steady 5 Steady 0 Steady
Massachusetts District 11 10 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Michigan District 9 9 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Minnesota District 3 3 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Mississippi District 6 1 Increase 1 5 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Missouri District 13 2 Increase 2 7 Decrease 5 4 Increase 3
Nebraska At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Nevada At-large 1 0 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady
New Hampshire District 3 3 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey District 7 4 Steady 3 Steady 0 Steady
New York District 33[g] 20 Decrease 4 12 Increase 3 0 Steady
North Carolina District 8 1 Steady 7 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1
Ohio[f] District 20 15 Increase 6 5 Decrease 6 0 Steady
Oregon[f] At-large 1 1 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District 27 18 Increase 1 7 Decrease 1 2 Steady
Rhode Island District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina District 5 1 Increase 1 4 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Tennessee District 10 3 Increase 2 7 Decrease 2 0 Steady
Texas[f] District 6 0 Steady 5 Steady 1 Steady
Vermont[f] District 3 3 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Decrease 1
Virginia District 9 2 Increase 1 7[h] Decrease 1 0 Steady
West Virginia District 3 0 Steady 3 Steady 0 Steady
Wisconsin District 8 6 Increase 1 2 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Total 293[g] 151[1]
51.5%
Increase 16 131[1][d]
44.7%
Decrease 13 10[1]
3.4%
Decrease 4
House seats
Republican
51.54%
Democratic
44.71%
Greenback
3.41%
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80.1-100% Democratic
  80.1-100% Republican
  60.1-80% Democratic
  60.1-80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
 
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
  3-5 Greenback gain
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Greenback gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Early election dates[edit]

In 1845, Congress passed a law providing for a uniform nationwide date for choosing Presidential electors.[4] This law did not affect election dates for Congress, which remained within the jurisdiction of State governments, but over time, the States moved their Congressional elections to this date as well.

In 1880, no states held their elections after Election Day for the first time (California was the last state to hold late elections, in 1878). But 5 states, with 35 seats among them, held their elections before the rest of the states:

Special elections[edit]

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
New Hampshire 3 Evarts Worcester Farr Republican 1878 Incumbent died November 30, 1880.
New member elected December 28, 1880.[5]
Republican hold.
Successor seated January 8, 1881.[6]
Successor was also elected to the next term.
New Hampshire 3 Evarts Worcester Farr Republican 1878 Incumbent member-elect died November 30, 1880, having just been re-elected.
New member elected December 28, 1880.[7]
Republican hold.
Successor was also elected to finish the current term.

Alabama[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Arkansas[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

California[edit]

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
California 1 Horace Davis Republican 1876 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic Gain.
  • Green tickY William Rosecrans (Democratic) 51%
  • Horace Davis (Republican) 47.3%
  • Stephen Maybell (Greenback) 1.7%
California 2 Horace F. Page Republican 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
California 3 Campbell P. Berry Democratic 1879 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Campbell P. Berry (Democratic) 51.1%
  • George A. Knight (Republican) 48.2%
  • A. Musselman (Greenback) 0.6%
California 4 Romualdo Pacheco Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Romualdo Pacheco (Republican) 45.8%
  • Wallace Leach (Democratic) 45.3%
  • J. F. Godfrey (Greenback) 8.9%

Colorado[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Connecticut[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Delaware[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Florida[edit]

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Florida 1 Robert H. M. Davidson Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Robert H. M. Davidson (Democratic) 57.2%
  • George W. Witherspoon (Republican) 42.3%
  • Livingston W. Bethel (Independent) 0.5%
Florida 2 Noble A. Hull Democratic 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Horatio Bisbee Jr. later successfully challenged the election of Jesse J. Finley and was seated June 1, 1882.

Georgia[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Illinois[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Indiana[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Iowa[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Kansas[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Kentucky[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Louisiana[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Maine[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Maryland[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Massachusetts[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Michigan[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Minnesota[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Mississippi[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Missouri[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Nebraska[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Nevada[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

New Hampshire[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

New Jersey[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

New York[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

North Carolina[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Ohio[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Oregon[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Pennsylvania[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Rhode Island[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

South Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1 John S. Richardson Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 2 Michael P. O'Connor Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 3 D. Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY D. Wyatt Aiken (Democratic) 74.1%
  • C. J. Stollbrand (Republican) 25.9%
South Carolina 4 John H. Evins Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John H. Evins (Democratic) 69.7%
  • A. Blythe (Republican) 29.3%
  • J. Hendrix McLane (Greenback) 1.0%
South Carolina 5 George D. Tillman Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.

Tennessee[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Texas[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Vermont[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Virginia[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

West Virginia[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

Wisconsin[edit]

[Data unknown/missing.]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Five states held early elections between June 1 and October 12.
  2. ^ Included 7 Independent Democrats.
  3. ^ a b c Dubin (p. 255) counts 147 Republicans, 135 Democrats, 2 Readjusters, 1 Independent Democrat, and 8 Greenbacks at the start of the 47th United States Congress.
  4. ^ a b Includes 2 Readjuster Democrats elected in Virginia and 1 Independent Democrat elected in Georgia.
  5. ^ Includes 1 Independent Democrat elected in the 9th district.
  6. ^ a b c d e Elections held early.
  7. ^ a b 1 Independent, J. Hyatt Smith elected to the 3rd district.
  8. ^ Includes 2 Readjuster Democrats, elected to the 7th district and 9th district.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Martis, pp. 134-135.
  2. ^ Kennedy, Robert C. ""A Midsummer-Night's Dream Nomination"". The Learning Network: The New York Times on the web. Retrieved August 11, 2019.
  3. ^ Hartman, Dorothy W. "Politics of the 1870s and 1880s". connerprairie.org. Fishers, Indiana: Conner Prairie. Retrieved August 11, 2019.
  4. ^ Statutes at Large, 28th Congress, 2nd Session, p. 721.
  5. ^ a b "NH District 3 - Special Election". January 5, 2011. Retrieved August 9, 2019 – via OurCampaigns.com.
  6. ^ "Forty-Sixth Congress March 4, 1879, to March 3, 1881". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "NH District 3 - Special Election". January 5, 2011. Retrieved August 9, 2019 – via OurCampaigns.com.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]