1881 French legislative election

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1881 French legislative election

← 1877 21 August and 4 September 1881 1885 →

All 545 seats to the Chamber of Deputies
273 seats needed for a majority
Turnout70.5
  First party Second party
  Portrait of Léon Gambetta by Ludovic Baschet.jpg Georges-Eugène Haussmann - BNF Gallica.jpg
Leader Léon Gambetta Georges-Eugène Haussmann
Party Republicans
Bonapartist
Leader's seat Seine Corse (lost)
Seats won 411 46
Seat change Increase 98 Decrease 58
Popular vote 5,414,808 610,422
Percentage 75.4% 8.5%
Swing Increase 15.4% Decrease 11.6%

  Third party Fourth party
  Louis Blanc mid career.jpg Broglie Albert.JPG
Leader Louis Blanc Albert de Broglie
Party Socialists and Radicals Monarchists
Leader's seat Seine Not presented
(Senator for Eure)
Seats won 46 42
Seat change New Decrease 13
Popular vote 603,241 552,971
Percentage 8.4% 7.7%
Swing New Decrease 2.9%

Prime Minister before election

Jules Ferry
Republican Left

Elected Prime Minister

Léon Gambetta
Republican Union

The 1881 general election was held on 21 August and 4 September 1881. This election marked the collapse of the right compared to the 1877 election.

It was a great success for the followers of Léon Gambetta, whom President Jules Grévy appointed premier two months after the election. His government only lasted 73 days, however, before falling over the issue of electoral reform.[1] This led to three short-lived minority governments, until Jules Ferry was able to form a second government in February 1883 with the support of Gambetta's Republican Union.

70.55% of eligible voters participated.

Results[edit]

e • d Summary of the 21 August and 4 September election results
Chambre des Députés 1881.svg
Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Republican Union 2,678,678 37.3 204
Republican Left 2,226,247 31.0 168
Centre-left 509,882 7.1 39
Republican majority 5,414,808 75.4 411
Bonapartists 610,422 8.5 46
Orléanist-Unionists 552,971 7.7 42
Conservative opposition 1,163,393 16.1 88
Far-left 603,241 8.4 46
Total 7,181,443 100 545

Source: Roi et President

  1. ^ Gildea, R., Children of the Revolution, London, 2008, p. 254-255

External links[edit]