1885 French legislative election

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1885 French legislative election

← 1881 4–18 October 1885 1889 →

All 584 seats to the Chamber of Deputies
293 seats needed for a majority
Turnout70.4
  First party Second party Third party
  Eugene Henri Brisson young (cropped).jpg Armand de Mackau 1913.jpg René Goblet.jpg
Leader Henri Brisson Armand de Mackau René Goblet
Party Union of the Lefts
Union of the Rights
Radical Left
Leader's seat Cher Orne Somme
Seats won 283 201 100
Seat change Decrease 128 Increase 159 Increase 54
Popular vote 3,837,879 2,735,678 1,355,945
Percentage 48.4% 34.5% 17.1%
Swing Decrease 27.0% Increase 26.7% Increase 8.7%

Prime Minister before election

Henri Brisson
Republican Union

Elected Prime Minister

Henri Brisson
Republican Union

The 1885 general election was held on 14 and 18 October 1885.

Following the deaths of Napoléon, Prince Imperial and the Comte de Chambord, the monarchists and Bonapartists formed a Conservative Union under the leadership of the Baron de Mackau. In the first round of the election, the conservatives won 176 seats, whereas the Republicans - partly because radical and moderate Republicans ran against each other, underestimating the danger from the right - only won 127. However, in the second round the radical and moderate Republicans agreed that the worse-placed Republican candidates would withdraw, and Republicans won 244 seats to the conservatives' 25, leading to a Republican victory.[1]

Henri Brisson remained premier immediately after the election, but resigned in December following his defeat in the presidential election to the incumbent, Jules Grévy. Brisson was replaced as premier by Charles de Freycinet.

Results[edit]

e • d Summary of the 4–18 October election results
Chambre des Députés 1885.svg
Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Democratic Union 2,711,890 34.2 200
Republican Union 1,125,989 14.2 83
Radical Left 547,135 6.9 40
Republican-Radical majority 4,385,015 55.3 323
Royalists 991,188 12.5 73
Bonapartists 888,104 11.2 65
Conservatives 856,386 10.8 63
Conservative opposition 2,735,678 34.5 201
Radical-Socialists 816,739 10.2 60
Total 7,929,503 100 584

Source: Roi et President

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gildea, R., Children of the Revolution, London, 2008, p. 257