1912 United States elections

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1912 United States elections
Presidential election year
Election dayNovember 5
Incumbent presidentWilliam Howard Taft (Republican)
Next Congress63rd
Presidential election
Partisan controlDemocratic Gain
Popular vote marginDemocratic +14.4%
Electoral vote
Woodrow Wilson (D)435
Theodore Roosevelt (P)88
William Howard Taft (R)8
1912 United States presidential election in California1912 United States presidential election in Oregon1912 United States presidential election in Washington (state)1912 United States presidential election in Idaho1912 United States presidential election in Nevada1912 United States presidential election in Utah1912 United States presidential election in Arizona1912 United States presidential election in Montana1912 United States presidential election in Wyoming1912 United States presidential election in Colorado1912 United States presidential election in New Mexico1912 United States presidential election in North Dakota1912 United States presidential election in South Dakota1912 United States presidential election in Nebraska1912 United States presidential election in Kansas1912 United States presidential election in Oklahoma1912 United States presidential election in Texas1912 United States presidential election in Minnesota1912 United States presidential election in Iowa1912 United States presidential election in Missouri1912 United States presidential election in Arkansas1912 United States presidential election in Louisiana1912 United States presidential election in Wisconsin1912 United States presidential election in Illinois1912 United States presidential election in Michigan1912 United States presidential election in Indiana1912 United States presidential election in Ohio1912 United States presidential election in Kentucky1912 United States presidential election in Tennessee1912 United States presidential election in Mississippi1912 United States presidential election in Alabama1912 United States presidential election in Georgia1912 United States presidential election in Florida1912 United States presidential election in South Carolina1912 United States presidential election in North Carolina1912 United States presidential election in Virginia1912 United States presidential election in West Virginia1912 United States presidential election in Maryland1912 United States presidential election in Delaware1912 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania1912 United States presidential election in New Jersey1912 United States presidential election in New York1912 United States presidential election in Connecticut1912 United States presidential election in Rhode Island1912 United States presidential election in Maryland1912 United States presidential election in Vermont1912 United States presidential election in New Hampshire1912 United States presidential election in Maine1912 United States presidential election in Massachusetts1912 United States presidential election in Maryland1912 United States presidential election in Delaware1912 United States presidential election in New Jersey1912 United States presidential election in Connecticut1912 United States presidential election in Rhode Island1912 United States presidential election in Massachusetts1912 United States presidential election in Vermont1912 United States presidential election in New HampshireElectoralCollege1912.svg
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1912 presidential election results. Red denotes states won by Taft, blue denotes states won by Wilson, and light green denotes states won by Roosevelt. Numbers indicate the electoral votes won by each candidate.
Senate elections
Overall controlDemocratic Gain
Seats contested32 of 96 seats[1]
Net seat changeDemocratic +4[2]
US 1912 senate election map.svg
1912 Senate results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold

House elections
Overall controlDemocratic Hold
Seats contestedAll 435 voting members
Net seat changeDemocratic +61[2]
Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested33
Net seat changeDemocratic +4
USgubernatorial1912.png
1912 gubernatorial election results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold

The 1912 United States elections elected the members of the 63rd United States Congress, occurring during the Fourth Party System. Amidst a division between incumbent Republican President William Howard Taft and former Republican President Theodore Roosevelt, the Democratic Party won the Presidency and both chambers of Congress, the first time they accomplished that feat since the 1892 election.

In the Presidential election, Democratic Governor Woodrow Wilson of New Jersey defeated Republican President William Howard Taft and former president and Progressive Party nominee Theodore Roosevelt.[3] Socialist union leader Eugene Debs, running his fourth campaign, took six percent of the vote.[3] At the 1912 Democratic National Convention, Wilson took the nomination on the 46th ballot, defeating Speaker Champ Clark and several other candidates. Roosevelt left the Republican Party after an unsuccessful challenge to Taft at the 1912 Republican National Convention. Though Wilson carried just over 40% of the popular vote, he dominated the electoral college and won a greater share of the electoral vote than any candidate since Ulysses S. Grant in 1872. Wilson's election made him the first Democratic president since Grover Cleveland left office in 1897. Roosevelt's candidacy finished second in the popular vote and the electoral college, the only time a third party candidate accomplished either feat.

Following the 1910 census, 41 seats were added to the House, setting the House at 435 seats. Democrats made major gains in the House, further strengthening their majority, while the new Progressive Party won ten seats.[4]

In the last Senate election before the ratification of the 17th Amendment, Democrats made moderate gains and won control of the chamber for the first time since the 1892 election.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Not counting special elections.
  2. ^ a b Congressional seat gain figures only reflect the results of the regularly-scheduled elections, and do not take special elections into account.
  3. ^ a b "1912 Presidential Election". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  4. ^ "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  5. ^ "Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present". United States Senate. Retrieved 25 June 2014.