1924 United States presidential election in Vermont

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1924 United States presidential election in Vermont

← 1920 November 4, 1924 1928 →
  John Calvin Coolidge, Bain bw photo portrait.jpg John William Davis.jpg Robert M La Follette, Sr.jpg
Nominee Calvin Coolidge John W. Davis Robert M. La Follette
Party Republican Democratic Progressive
Home state Massachusetts West Virginia Wisconsin
Running mate Charles G. Dawes Charles W. Bryan Burton K. Wheeler
Electoral vote 4 0 0
Popular vote 80,498 16,124 5,964
Percentage 78.22% 15.67% 5.79%

Vermont Election Results by County 1924.svg
County Results
  Coolidge—60-70%
  Coolidge—70-80%
  Coolidge—80-90%

President before election

Calvin Coolidge
Republican

Elected President

Calvin Coolidge
Republican

The 1924 United States presidential election in Vermont took place on November 4, 1924, as part of the 1924 United States Presidential Election which was held throughout all contemporary 48 states. Voters chose four representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Vermont voted overwhelmingly for the Republican nominee, incumbent President Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts, over the Democratic nominee, Ambassador John W. Davis of West Virginia. Coolidge ran with former Budget Director Charles G. Dawes of Illinois, while Davis ran with Governor Charles W. Bryan of Nebraska. Also in the running that year was the Progressive Party nominee, Senator Robert M. La Follette of Wisconsin and his running mate Senator Burton K. Wheeler of Montana.

Coolidge won in a massive landslide, taking 78.22 percent of the vote, while Davis took 15.67 percent for a Republican victory margin of 62.55 percentage points. La Follette came in a distant third, with 5.79 percent.

Vermont historically was a bastion of liberal Northeastern Republicanism, and by 1924 the Green Mountain State had gone Republican in every presidential election since the founding of the Republican Party. From 1856 to 1920, Vermont had had the longest streak of voting Republican of any state, having never voted Democratic before, and this tradition continued amidst a second consecutive nationwide Republican landslide in 1924.

The 1920s were a fiercely Republican decade in American politics, and Vermont in that era was a fiercely Republican state in presidential elections. The economic boom and social good feelings of the Roaring Twenties under popular Republican leadership virtually guaranteed Calvin Coolidge an easy win in the state against the conservative Southern Democrat John Davis,[1] who had practically no appeal in Northern states like Vermont. In fact, with only 15.67 percent of the popular vote, Davis' performance in Vermont was the weakest of any Democratic presidential candidate in the state to date.

Calvin Coolidge also enjoyed a unique personal popularity which helped him in the state.[2] Coolidge was the epitome of a traditional New England Yankee, having been born in the small-town of Plymouth Notch, Vermont, and establishing his political career nearby as Governor of Massachusetts. Thus Coolidge remained especially popular with voters across New England, but especially in his birth state, and Vermont would give him an even more overwhelming victory than it had given to Warren G. Harding four years earlier. Even with the strong third party candidacy of Robert La Follette, Coolidge in 1924 managed to gain in both vote share and margin over Harding’s landslide showing in the state in 1920.

Partly as a consequence of Coolidge’s personal popularity in the state, Robert La Follette was not able to attract a large percentage of the vote in Vermont. La Follette had been a Republican Senator prior to mounting his Progressive Party presidential campaign, and in working class Mid-Atlantic[3] and rural German and Scandinavian-American areas[4] was able to peel off a large proportion of progressive Republican voters. However, Vermont Republican voters remained overwhelmingly loyal to Coolidge. Thus while taking 16.61 percent nationally, La Follette only received 5.79 percent of the vote in Vermont.

Coolidge swept every county in Vermont by landslide margins, taking more than sixty percent of the vote in all fourteen. Coolidge broke seventy percent of the vote in eleven counties and even broke eighty percent in seven. Notably, Coolidge received more than seventy percent of the vote even in Chittenden County, the state’s most populous county, home to the state’s largest city, Burlington. Just four years later, in 1928, Chittenden County flipped to the Democrats and become a Democratic stronghold in the New Deal era, making Coolidge’s dominance there in 1924 remarkable. It would also be the final time that Chittenden County would be won by a Republican candidate until Dwight D. Eisenhower won it in 1952.[5]

Vermont proved to be the most Republican state in the union in 1924, in terms of both vote share and victory margin.[6] Vermont weighed in as a whopping 37 percentage points more Republican than the national average in the 1924 election. No Republican presidential candidate since 1924 has managed to surpass Coolidge’s performance in Vermont either in terms of vote share or victory margin.

Results[edit]

1924 United States presidential election in Vermont[7]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Calvin Coolidge 80,498 78.22% 4
Democratic John W. Davis 16,124 15.67% 0
Progressive Robert M. La Follette 5,964 5.79% 0
Prohibition Herman P. Faris 326 0.32% 0
N/A Write-ins 5 0.00% 0
Totals 102,917 100.00% 4

Results by county[edit]

John Calvin Coolidge
Republican
John William Davis
Democratic
Robert M. La Follette, Sr.
Progressive
Herman Preston Faris
Prohibition
Margin Total votes cast[note 1][8]
County # % # % # % # % # % #
Addison 4,927 87.68% 557 9.91% 105 1.87% 30 0.53% 4,370 77.77% 5,619
Bennington 5,341 72.91% 1,466 20.01% 497 6.78% 21 0.29% 3,875 52.90% 7,325
Caledonia 6,205 83.60% 929 12.52% 268 3.61% 20 0.27% 5,276 71.09% 7,422
Chittenden 8,008 70.96% 2,658 23.55% 580 5.14% 40 0.35% 5,350 47.40% 11,286
Essex 1,391 63.60% 576 26.34% 213 9.74% 7 0.32% 815 37.27% 2,187
Franklin 4,594 67.10% 1,649 24.08% 581 8.49% 23 0.34% 2,945 43.01% 6,847
Grand Isle 861 65.23% 343 25.98% 106 8.03% 10 0.76% 518 39.24% 1,320
Lamoille 2,480 86.23% 305 10.61% 71 2.47% 20 0.70% 2,175 75.63% 2,876
Orange 4,657 82.85% 724 12.88% 233 4.15% 7 0.12% 3,933 69.97% 5,621
Orleans 5,006 85.18% 619 10.53% 218 3.71% 32 0.54% 4,387 74.65% 5,877[note 2]
Rutland 10,642 74.32% 2,477 17.30% 1,143 7.98% 58 0.41% 8,165 57.02% 14,320
Washington 8,525 74.30% 1,715 14.95% 1,207 10.52% 27 0.24% 6,810 59.35% 11,474
Windham 7,638 83.18% 1,091 11.88% 442 4.81% 12 0.13% 6,547 71.29% 9,183
Windsor 10,223 88.43% 1,015 8.78% 300 2.60% 19 0.16% 9,208 79.65% 11,560[note 3]
Totals 80,498 78.22% 16,124 15.67% 5,964 5.80% 326 0.32% 64,374 62.55% 102,912

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ These figures show some differences from those published in Edgar Eugene Robinson’s The Presidential Vote and the Géoelections website.
  2. ^ In this county there were two write-in votes for a candidate not on the ballot in any state.
  3. ^ In this county there were three write-in votes for Socialist Labor Party candidate Frank Tetes Johns, who was officially on the ballot in eighteen states in which he compiled a total of 28,633 votes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roseboom, Eugene Holloway and Eckes, Alfred E.; A History of Presidential Elections, from George Washington to Jimmy Carter; pp. 151-158 ISBN 0020364202
  2. ^ Sobel, Robert; Coolidge: An American Enigma; p. 67 ISBN 0895262479
  3. ^ Oestreicher, Richard; ‘Urban Working-Class Political Behavior and Theories of American Electoral Politics, 1870-1940’; The Journal of American History, volume 74, no. 4 (March 1988), pp. 1257-1286
  4. ^ Stark, Rodney and Christiano, Kevin J.; ‘Support for the American Left, 1920-1924: The Opiate Thesis Reconsidered’; Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, Vol. 31, No. 1 (March, 1992), pp. 62-75
  5. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, pp. 321-322 ISBN 0786422173
  6. ^ "1924 Presidential Election Statistics". Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  7. ^ "1924 Presidential General Election Results - Vermont". Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2013-08-02.
  8. ^ Vermont Office of the Secretary of State Elections Division; Vermont Legislative Directory Biennial Session (1925), p. 253