1932 United States presidential election in Utah

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United States presidential election in Utah, 1932

← 1928 November 8, 1932 1936 →
  FDR in 1933.jpg President Hoover portrait.jpg
Nominee Franklin D. Roosevelt Herbert Hoover
Party Democratic Republican
Home state New York California
Running mate John N. Garner Charles Curtis
Electoral vote 4 0
Popular vote 116,750 84,795
Percentage 56.52% 41.05%

President before election

Herbert Hoover
Republican

Elected President

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic

The 1932 United States presidential election in Utah took place on November 8, 1932. All contemporary forty-eight states took part, and Utah voters selected four voters to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Utah, like every state west of the Appalachian Mountains, voted for Franklin Roosevelt over Herbert Hoover by a substantial margin, giving the first Democratic victory in the state since 1916 when anti-war sentiment had shifted the state to Woodrow Wilson.[1] Utah's swing to the Democrats was 23.19 percentage points, much smaller than the national swing of 35.18 percentage points, as the anti-Catholicism which marred the preceding election was less prevalent among the LDS hierarchy than in the South or the Pacific Northwest. Consequently, for this election Utah voted more Republican than the nation at-large for the first time in twenty years, by a margin of 2.29 points on a two-party basis.[2] Hoover managed to retain pluralities in seven of Utah's twenty-nine counties, although in San Juan County Hoover won by only a solitary vote and in sparsely populated Daggett County by just eleven. This was nonetheless equal with Missouri[a] and behind only Kansas[b] as the most counties in one state west of the Mississippi – in all of which Hoover retained only forty-six counties out of 1,161 – remaining Republican.

Herbert Hoover, who had been elected in a third consecutive Republican landslide in 1928, was to become extremely unpopular by the time he was up for re-election in 1932, owing to unemployment rising to a whopping twenty-five percent and Hoover's Smoot-Hawley Tariff (proposed by long-serving Beehive State Senator Reed Smoot) had cut severely into exports due to retaliatory tariffs from foreign governments.[3]

The Mountain States, including Utah, were even more severely hit by the economic downturn than the national average: Utah's lost consumption between the 1929 crash and the election was about one standard deviation above the national mean.[4] There was also extreme concern over the falling price of silver,[5] of which Utah was a major producer.[6]

Polls[edit]

In a poll conducted by the Literary Digest, Hoover was far behind Roosevelt in all western states,[7] whose electoral votes the Republican Party had monopolized during the three preceding elections. Paul Mallon in his "National Whirlgig" two weeks before the election suggested Roosevelt had a "degree of chance" in Utah, but that the Democrats were certain of victory in the nation as a whole.[8]

Results[edit]

United States presidential election in Utah, 1932[9]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic Franklin D. Roosevelt 116,750 56.52% 4
Republican Herbert Hoover (incumbent) 84,795 41.05% 0
Socialist Norman Thomas 4,087 1.98% 0
Communist William Z. Foster 946 0.46% 0

Results by county[edit]

Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Democratic
Herbert Clark Hoover
Republican
Norman Mattoon Thomas[10]
Socialist
William Z. Foster
Communist
Margin Total votes cast[11]
County # % # % # % # % # % #
Beaver 1,218 55.34% 969 44.03% 14 0.64% 0 0.00% 249 11.31% 2,201
Box Elder 3,695 54.12% 3,048 44.65% 78 1.14% 6 0.09% 647 9.48% 6,827
Cache 6,522 56.99% 4,829 42.20% 80 0.70% 13 0.11% 1,693 14.79% 11,444
Carbon 4,239 69.26% 1,655 27.04% 215 3.51% 11 0.18% 2,584 42.22% 6,120
Daggett 79 46.47% 90 52.94% 1 0.59% 0 0.00% -11 -6.47% 170
Davis 3,006 53.51% 2,562 45.60% 41 0.73% 9 0.16% 444 7.90% 5,618
Duchesne 1,590 51.76% 1,333 43.39% 145 4.72% 4 0.13% 257 8.37% 3,072
Emery 1,613 56.64% 1,112 39.04% 120 4.21% 3 0.11% 501 17.59% 2,848
Garfield 493 29.99% 1,125 68.43% 26 1.58% 0 0.00% -632 -38.44% 1,644
Grand 506 62.86% 278 34.53% 21 2.61% 0 0.00% 228 28.32% 805
Iron 1,358 42.93% 1,599 50.55% 206 6.51% 0 0.00% -241 -7.62% 3,163
Juab 1,969 60.68% 1,220 37.60% 55 1.69% 1 0.03% 749 23.08% 3,245
Kane 229 26.63% 618 71.86% 13 1.51% 0 0.00% -389 -45.23% 860
Millard 1,881 48.79% 1,916 49.70% 57 1.48% 1 0.03% -35 -0.91% 3,855
Morgan 602 51.23% 568 48.34% 5 0.43% 0 0.00% 34 2.89% 1,175
Piute 403 47.19% 433 50.70% 18 2.11% 0 0.00% -30 -3.51% 854
Rich 469 54.09% 398 45.91% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 71 8.19% 867
Salt Lake 48,012 58.34% 32,224 39.16% 1,332 1.62% 724 0.88% 15,788 19.19% 82,292
San Juan 459 48.83% 460 48.94% 19 2.02% 2 0.21% -1 -0.11% 940
Sanpete 3,600 52.69% 3,147 46.06% 86 1.26% 0 0.00% 453 6.63% 6,833
Sevier 2,303 50.14% 2,225 48.44% 64 1.39% 1 0.02% 78 1.70% 4,593
Summit 2,028 57.35% 1,434 40.55% 72 2.04% 2 0.06% 594 16.80% 3,536
Tooele 1,865 56.12% 1,407 42.34% 48 1.44% 3 0.09% 458 13.78% 3,323
Uintah 1,778 55.74% 1,355 42.48% 51 1.60% 6 0.19% 423 13.26% 3,190
Utah 12,140 59.12% 7,953 38.73% 346 1.68% 97 0.47% 4,187 20.39% 20,536
Wasatch 1,103 50.99% 1,042 48.17% 18 0.83% 0 0.00% 61 2.82% 2,163
Washington 1,648 54.09% 1,378 45.22% 20 0.66% 1 0.03% 270 8.86% 3,047
Wayne 401 49.63% 398 49.26% 8 0.99% 1 0.12% 3 0.37% 808
Weber 11,541 56.16% 8,019 39.02% 928 4.52% 61 0.30% 3,522 17.14% 20,549
Totals 116,750 56.52% 84,795 41.05% 4,087 1.98% 946 0.46% 31,955 15.47% 206,578

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ It might be noted that of the Missouri counties remaining Republican, Ozark, Taney, Gasconade and Putnam have never voted Democratic since the Civil War, Douglas not since 1896, whilst Warren and Hickory never voted Democratic between 1864 and 1988.
  2. ^ In Kansas, Hoover retained thirteen of 104 counties, of which Doniphan and Riley have never voted for a Democrat, Brown not since 1912, and Osborne not since 1916

References[edit]

  1. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, p. 47 ISBN 0786422173
  2. ^ Counting the Votes; Utah
  3. ^ Mann, Catherine L.; 'Protection and Retaliation: Changing the "Rules of the Game"'; Brookings Papers on Economic Activity (1:1987); pp. 311-335
  4. ^ Fishback, Price V., Horrace, William C. and Kantor, Shawn; 'Did New Deal Grant Programs Stimulate Local Economies? A Study of Federal Grants and Retail Sales During the Great Depression'; The Journal of Economic History, Vol. 65, No. 1 (March 2005), p. 41
  5. ^ Friedman, Milton, 'Franklin D. Roosevelt, Silver and China', The Journal of Political Economy, Volume 100, No. 1 (February 1992); pp. 62-83
  6. ^ Achen, Christopher H. and Bartels, Larry M.; ‘Partisan Hearts and Gall Bladders: Retrospection and Realignment in the Wake of the Great Depression’, Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association (Chicago, April 7–9, 2005)
  7. ^ 'Roosevelt Leads in 31 States with Nearly 2,000,000 Votes Tallied in "Literary Digest" Poll'; Victoria Advocate, October 16, 1932, p. 4
  8. ^ 'Why Roosevelt is Certain of Victory'; The Florence Times, October 25, 1932, p. 2
  9. ^ "1932 Presidential General Election Results - Utah". Dave Leip's U.S. Election Atlas. Retrieved 2017-02-13.
  10. ^ Géoelections; 1932 Presidential Election Popular Vote (.xlsx file for €15 on request)
  11. ^ Scammon, Richard M. (compiler); America at the Polls: A Handbook of Presidential Election Statistics 1920-1964; p. 458 ISBN 0405077114