1936 United States presidential election in Kansas

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United States presidential election in Kansas, 1936

← 1932 November 3, 1936 1940 →
  FDR in 1933.jpg LandonPortr.jpg
Nominee Franklin D. Roosevelt Alf Landon
Party Democratic Republican
Home state New York Kansas
Running mate John N. Garner Frank Knox
Electoral vote 9 0
Popular vote 464,520 397,727
Percentage 53.67% 45.95%

President before election

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic

Elected President

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic

The 1936 United States presidential election in Kansas took place on November 3, 1936 as part of the concurrent United States presidential election held in all forty-eight contemporary states. Kansas voters chose nine electors, or representatives to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice-President.

Background[edit]

Kansas had been a powerfully Republican state during the 1920s (as it had been during its first quarter-century of statehood), although it did not possess the isolationist sentiment found in Appalachia or the Upper Midwest.[1] In 1928 large-scale anti-Catholic voting swept a state substantially part of the OzarkBible Belt”, so that whereas Kansas had been less anti-Democratic than more northerly Plains states in 1920 and 1924, it became Herbert Hoover’s best state in the entire nation at the next election cycle.

The 1930s saw a major drought affect the Great Plains, producing dramatic swings against the incumbent President Hoover at the 1932 election, which were more overwhelming in Kansas than in states further north,[1] though less so than in the traditionally Democratic Southern Plains that had been vehemently against Al Smith’s Catholic faith in 1928.[2] During the first term of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Kansas twice elected Republican Governor Alfred Mossman Landon, who proved himself a skilled administrator, who was critical of the excesses of the Agricultural Adjustment Act and was the only GOP governor re-elected in 1934.[3] Landon was to have relatively little trouble gaining the Republican nomination against the popular Roosevelt in 1936.

Vote[edit]

Although some observers thought that Landon could bring back the West and Plains which had completely deserted Herbert Hoover in 1932,[4] Landon was not able to achieve this to any significant degree. Although he carried more than thirty counties that had supported Roosevelt in the 1932 election, Landon did not make the hoped-for gains there,[5] and any gains he did make were offset by substantial losses in Kansas’ larger cities, where Landon’s later anti-New Deal rhetoric was unpopular.[5] Landon consequently improved on Hoover’s 1932 showing by only 1.71 percentage points even in a state that had known him as Governor, although Kansas was Landon’s fourth-best state by vote percentage behind Vermont, Maine and New Hampshire.[6] This would be the second-last time Kansas would support a Democratic Presidential candidate – the only subsequent Republican to lose the state being Barry Goldwater in another landslide loss in 1964.

As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last occasion the following counties have voted for a Democratic Presidential candidate: Chase, Cheyenne, Decatur, Graham, Greenwood, Harper, Kiowa, Lincoln, Marion, Meade, Mitchell, Morris,[a] Rawlins, Rooks, Scott and Seward.[7]

Results[edit]

Presidential candidate Party Home state Popular vote Electoral
vote
Running mate
Count Percentage Vice-presidential candidate Home state Electoral vote
Franklin D. Roosevelt Democratic New York 464,520 53.67% 9 John Nance Garner Texas 9
Alf Landon Republican Kansas 397,727 45.95% 0 Frank Knox Illinois 0
Norman Thomas Socialist New York 2,763 0.32% 0 George A. Nelson Wisconsin 0
William Lemke Union North Dakota 497 0.06% 0 Thomas C. O'Brien Massachusetts 0
Total 865,507 100% 9 9
Needed to win 266 266

Results by county[edit]

Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Democratic
Alfred Mossman Landon
Republican
Norman Mattoon Thomas
Socialist
William Frederick Lemke[8]
Union
Margin Total votes cast[9]
County # % # % # % # % # % #
Allen 3,869 38.90% 6,071 61.05% 5 0.05% 0 0.00% -2,202 -22.14% 9,945
Anderson 2,767 43.80% 3,452 54.64% 10 0.16% 89 1.41% -685 -10.84% 6,318
Atchison 5,817 52.12% 5,312 47.60% 31 0.28% 0 0.00% 505 4.53% 11,160
Barber 2,774 60.20% 1,816 39.41% 18 0.39% 0 0.00% 958 20.79% 4,608
Barton 5,978 62.81% 3,534 37.13% 5 0.05% 0 0.00% 2,444 25.68% 9,517
Bourbon 5,714 51.38% 5,402 48.58% 4 0.04% 0 0.00% 312 2.81% 11,120
Brown 3,495 37.50% 5,814 62.38% 11 0.12% 0 0.00% -2,319 -24.88% 9,320
Butler 9,283 59.84% 6,204 39.99% 27 0.17% 0 0.00% 3,079 19.85% 15,514
Chase 1,706 51.31% 1,610 48.42% 9 0.27% 0 0.00% 96 2.89% 3,325
Chautauqua 2,080 45.23% 2,506 54.49% 13 0.28% 0 0.00% -426 -9.26% 4,599
Cherokee 7,894 58.88% 5,445 40.61% 69 0.51% 0 0.00% 2,449 18.27% 13,408
Cheyenne 1,673 57.20% 1,241 42.43% 11 0.38% 0 0.00% 432 14.77% 2,925
Clark 1,457 61.79% 899 38.13% 2 0.08% 0 0.00% 558 23.66% 2,358
Clay 3,441 49.25% 3,525 50.45% 21 0.30% 0 0.00% -84 -1.20% 6,987
Cloud 4,546 51.75% 4,208 47.90% 21 0.24% 10 0.11% 338 3.85% 8,785
Coffey 2,662 40.47% 3,900 59.29% 16 0.24% 0 0.00% -1,238 -18.82% 6,578
Comanche 1,428 60.43% 932 39.44% 3 0.13% 0 0.00% 496 20.99% 2,363
Cowley 10,805 56.12% 8,378 43.51% 72 0.37% 0 0.00% 2,427 12.60% 19,255
Crawford 12,974 59.96% 8,596 39.73% 66 0.31% 0 0.00% 4,378 20.23% 21,636
Decatur 2,362 57.55% 1,727 42.08% 7 0.17% 8 0.19% 635 15.47% 4,104
Dickinson 5,313 47.09% 5,936 52.61% 29 0.26% 5 0.04% -623 -5.52% 11,283
Doniphan 2,749 41.91% 3,791 57.80% 19 0.29% 0 0.00% -1,042 -15.89% 6,559
Douglas 4,961 37.08% 8,324 62.22% 94 0.70% 0 0.00% -3,363 -25.14% 13,379
Edwards 1,986 58.71% 1,394 41.21% 3 0.09% 0 0.00% 592 17.50% 3,383
Elk 2,059 46.55% 2,355 53.24% 9 0.20% 0 0.00% -296 -6.69% 4,423
Ellis 4,834 74.73% 1,622 25.07% 13 0.20% 0 0.00% 3,212 49.65% 6,469
Ellsworth 2,990 59.15% 2,058 40.71% 7 0.14% 0 0.00% 932 18.44% 5,055
Finney 2,682 58.85% 1,863 40.88% 12 0.26% 0 0.00% 819 17.97% 4,557
Ford 5,335 61.11% 3,378 38.69% 17 0.19% 0 0.00% 1,957 22.42% 8,730
Franklin 4,503 42.73% 6,007 57.00% 28 0.27% 0 0.00% -1,504 -14.27% 10,538
Geary 2,973 55.39% 2,382 44.38% 12 0.22% 0 0.00% 591 11.01% 5,367
Gove 1,090 49.05% 1,107 49.82% 2 0.09% 23 1.04% -17 -0.77% 2,222
Graham 1,734 54.15% 1,462 45.66% 6 0.19% 0 0.00% 272 8.49% 3,202
Grant 616 56.41% 476 43.59% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 140 12.82% 1,092
Gray 1,459 65.57% 764 34.34% 2 0.09% 0 0.00% 695 31.24% 2,225
Greeley 388 49.43% 396 50.45% 1 0.13% 0 0.00% -8 -1.02% 785
Greenwood 4,176 50.04% 4,146 49.68% 23 0.28% 0 0.00% 30 0.36% 8,345
Hamilton 885 54.76% 720 44.55% 11 0.68% 0 0.00% 165 10.21% 1,616
Harper 3,391 57.93% 2,441 41.70% 22 0.38% 0 0.00% 950 16.23% 5,854
Harvey 5,357 54.44% 4,456 45.28% 28 0.28% 0 0.00% 901 9.16% 9,841
Haskell 626 58.56% 442 41.35% 1 0.09% 0 0.00% 184 17.21% 1,069
Hodgeman 1,162 59.71% 781 40.13% 3 0.15% 0 0.00% 381 19.58% 1,946
Jackson 3,265 46.92% 3,680 52.88% 14 0.20% 0 0.00% -415 -5.96% 6,959
Jefferson 3,105 45.39% 3,711 54.25% 25 0.37% 0 0.00% -606 -8.86% 6,841
Jewell 2,780 41.72% 3,849 57.76% 35 0.53% 0 0.00% -1,069 -16.04% 6,664
Johnson 6,108 41.97% 8,399 57.71% 37 0.25% 10 0.07% -2,291 -15.74% 14,554
Kearny 716 54.53% 586 44.63% 11 0.84% 0 0.00% 130 9.90% 1,313
Kingman 3,705 64.64% 2,014 35.14% 10 0.17% 3 0.05% 1,691 29.50% 5,732
Kiowa 1,417 52.38% 1,280 47.32% 8 0.30% 0 0.00% 137 5.06% 2,705
Labette 8,050 54.70% 6,610 44.92% 56 0.38% 0 0.00% 1,440 9.79% 14,716
Lane 853 54.75% 682 43.77% 23 1.48% 0 0.00% 171 10.98% 1,558
Leavenworth 7,996 48.17% 8,532 51.39% 73 0.44% 0 0.00% -536 -3.23% 16,601
Lincoln 2,209 52.35% 2,001 47.42% 10 0.24% 0 0.00% 208 4.93% 4,220
Linn 2,682 40.72% 3,872 58.78% 26 0.39% 7 0.11% -1,190 -18.07% 6,587
Logan 908 48.63% 955 51.15% 4 0.21% 0 0.00% -47 -2.52% 1,867
Lyon 7,340 54.68% 6,005 44.74% 59 0.44% 19 0.14% 1,335 9.95% 13,423
Marion 4,207 49.93% 4,185 49.67% 34 0.40% 0 0.00% 22 0.26% 8,426
Marshall 5,238 46.81% 5,929 52.98% 1 0.01% 22 0.20% -691 -6.18% 11,190
McPherson 6,256 56.65% 4,744 42.96% 44 0.40% 0 0.00% 1,512 13.69% 11,044
Meade 1,394 53.31% 1,218 46.58% 3 0.11% 0 0.00% 176 6.73% 2,615
Miami 4,601 49.52% 4,676 50.33% 14 0.15% 0 0.00% -75 -0.81% 9,291
Mitchell 3,289 53.82% 2,781 45.51% 41 0.67% 0 0.00% 508 8.31% 6,111
Montgomery 11,535 49.79% 11,565 49.92% 67 0.29% 0 0.00% -30 -0.13% 23,167
Morris 2,805 50.31% 2,751 49.35% 17 0.30% 2 0.04% 54 0.97% 5,575
Morton 876 57.59% 636 41.81% 9 0.59% 0 0.00% 240 15.78% 1,521
Nemaha 4,175 51.09% 3,903 47.76% 10 0.12% 84 1.03% 272 3.33% 8,172
Neosho 5,611 49.10% 5,777 50.55% 40 0.35% 0 0.00% -166 -1.45% 11,428
Ness 2,002 60.26% 1,302 39.19% 18 0.54% 0 0.00% 700 21.07% 3,322
Norton 2,307 44.71% 2,829 54.83% 24 0.47% 0 0.00% -522 -10.12% 5,160
Osage 4,224 49.78% 4,232 49.87% 30 0.35% 0 0.00% -8 -0.09% 8,486
Osborne 2,200 44.19% 2,765 55.54% 13 0.26% 0 0.00% -565 -11.35% 4,978
Ottawa 2,785 55.33% 2,230 44.31% 18 0.36% 0 0.00% 555 11.03% 5,033
Pawnee 2,814 61.49% 1,753 38.31% 9 0.20% 0 0.00% 1,061 23.19% 4,576
Phillips 2,154 40.20% 3,193 59.59% 11 0.21% 0 0.00% -1,039 -19.39% 5,358
Pottawatomie 3,284 44.39% 3,977 53.76% 13 0.18% 124 1.68% -693 -9.37% 7,398
Pratt 3,871 66.43% 1,946 33.40% 10 0.17% 0 0.00% 1,925 33.04% 5,827
Rawlins 2,029 59.61% 1,364 40.07% 11 0.32% 0 0.00% 665 19.54% 3,404
Reno 14,203 62.03% 8,607 37.59% 86 0.38% 0 0.00% 5,596 24.44% 22,896
Republic 3,427 47.07% 3,830 52.61% 15 0.21% 8 0.11% -403 -5.54% 7,280
Rice 4,905 59.49% 3,318 40.24% 22 0.27% 0 0.00% 1,587 19.25% 8,245
Riley 4,104 39.93% 6,077 59.13% 66 0.64% 31 0.30% -1,973 -19.20% 10,278
Rooks 2,235 50.97% 2,150 49.03% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 85 1.94% 4,385
Rush 2,482 58.83% 1,733 41.08% 4 0.09% 0 0.00% 749 17.75% 4,219
Russell 3,736 62.43% 2,241 37.45% 7 0.12% 0 0.00% 1,495 24.98% 5,984
Saline 7,872 56.30% 6,061 43.35% 50 0.36% 0 0.00% 1,811 12.95% 13,983
Scott 1,096 63.57% 625 36.25% 3 0.17% 0 0.00% 471 27.32% 1,724
Sedgwick 39,503 64.39% 21,654 35.29% 196 0.32% 0 0.00% 17,849 29.09% 61,353
Seward 1,997 64.23% 1,108 35.64% 4 0.13% 0 0.00% 889 28.59% 3,109
Shawnee 22,942 53.49% 19,785 46.13% 160 0.37% 1 0.00% 3,157 7.36% 42,888
Sheridan 1,442 57.66% 1,007 40.26% 7 0.28% 45 1.80% 435 17.39% 2,501
Sherman 1,814 59.89% 1,159 38.26% 56 1.85% 0 0.00% 655 21.62% 3,029
Smith 2,847 46.25% 3,292 53.48% 17 0.28% 0 0.00% -445 -7.23% 6,156
Stafford 3,212 62.12% 1,939 37.50% 20 0.39% 0 0.00% 1,273 24.62% 5,171
Stanton 458 59.48% 311 40.39% 1 0.13% 0 0.00% 147 19.09% 770
Stevens 1,023 59.13% 701 40.52% 6 0.35% 0 0.00% 322 18.61% 1,730
Sumner 7,966 61.57% 4,946 38.23% 26 0.20% 1 0.01% 3,020 23.34% 12,939
Thomas 2,168 63.99% 1,200 35.42% 16 0.47% 4 0.12% 968 28.57% 3,388
Trego 1,783 63.43% 1,012 36.00% 16 0.57% 0 0.00% 771 27.43% 2,811
Wabaunsee 2,235 44.18% 2,809 55.52% 15 0.30% 0 0.00% -574 -11.35% 5,059
Wallace 492 42.38% 658 56.68% 11 0.95% 0 0.00% -166 -14.30% 1,161
Washington 3,355 40.95% 4,809 58.70% 28 0.34% 0 0.00% -1,454 -17.75% 8,192
Wichita 637 58.39% 448 41.06% 5 0.46% 1 0.09% 189 17.32% 1,091
Wilson 3,816 43.93% 4,829 55.59% 42 0.48% 0 0.00% -1,013 -11.66% 8,687
Woodson 1,884 44.05% 2,374 55.51% 19 0.44% 0 0.00% -490 -11.46% 4,277
Wyandotte 38,101 58.98% 26,239 40.62% 256 0.40% 0 0.00% 11,862 18.36% 64,596
Totals 464,520 53.67% 397,727 45.95% 2,763[b] 0.32% 497 0.06% 66,793 7.72% 865,507

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Independent Ross Perot did tie Morris County with Republican George Bush senior in the 1992 election.
  2. ^ The Thomas total include 18 absentee votes that were not assigned to any county.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Phillips, Kevin P.; The Emerging Republican Majority, pp. 420-426 ISBN 978-0-691-16324-6
  2. ^ Phillips, The Emerging Republican Majority; pp. 214, 317, 352
  3. ^ Women in Congress, 1917-2006, p. 118 ISBN 0160767539
  4. ^ Trende, Sean; The Lost Majority: Why the Future of Government Is Up for Grabs – and Who Will Take It, p. 14 ISBN 1137000112
  5. ^ a b Savage, Sean J.; Roosevelt: The Party Leader, 1932-1945, p. 126 ISBN 0813157048
  6. ^ "1936 Presidential Election Statistics". Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  7. ^ Sullivan, Robert David; ‘How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century’; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
  8. ^ Géoelections; 1936 Presidential Election Popular Vote (.xlsx file for €15 on request)
  9. ^ Scammon, Richard M. (compiler); America at the Polls: A Handbook of Presidential Election Statistics 1920-1964; pp. 167-168 ISBN 0405077114
  10. ^ Scammon; America at the Polls, p. 175