1936 United States presidential election in New York

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United States presidential election in New York, 1936

← 1932 November 3, 1936 1940 →
Turnout72.6%[1] Increase 6.5 pp
  Franklin D. Roosevelt - NARA - 196715.jpg LandonPortr.jpg
Nominee Franklin D. Roosevelt Alf Landon
Party Democratic Republican
Home state New York Kansas
Running mate John N. Garner Frank Knox
Electoral vote 47 0
Popular vote 3,293,222 2,180,670
Percentage 58.9% 39.0%

New york presidential results 1936.svg
County Results
  Roosevelt—70-80%
  Roosevelt—60-70%
  Roosevelt—50-60%
  Roosevelt—<50%
  Landon—<50%
  Landon—50-60%
  Landon—60-70%
  Landon—70-80%

President before election

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic

Elected President

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic

The 1936 United States presidential election in New York took place on November 3, 1936. All contemporary 48 states were part of the 1936 United States presidential election. New York voters chose 47 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president.

New York was won by incumbent Democratic President Franklin D. Roosevelt of New York, who was running against Republican Governor of Kansas Alf Landon. Roosevelt ran with incumbent Vice President John Nance Garner of Texas, and Landon ran with newspaper publisher Frank Knox of Illinois.

A former Governor of New York who had easily carried the state in his 1932 presidential campaign, Franklin Roosevelt won New York State in 1936 by an even more decisive margin. Roosevelt took 58.85% of the vote versus Alf Landon's 38.97%, a margin of 19.88%.

Despite being Roosevelt’s home state, in the context of the 1936 nationwide Democratic landslide, New York weighed in for this election as four percent more Republican than the national average,[2] although FDR won the state by nearly 20 points.

The presidential election of 1936 was a very partisan election for New York, with more than 97.8 percent of the electorate casting votes for either the Democratic Party or the Republican.[3]

Roosevelt won his home state by means of a dominance of the massively populated New York City area, performing even more strongly than he had in 1932. Roosevelt took over seventy percent of the vote in the boroughs of Manhattan, Brooklyn, and the Bronx, and took over sixty percent of the vote in Queens and Staten Island. For the era, this was an historically overwhelming victory for a Democratic presidential candidate in the five boroughs of New York City, and enough to easily secure a statewide win for Roosevelt. The emergence of the New Deal Coalition was at its peak in 1936, and made American cities core bases of support for the Democratic Party. The Great Depression had accelerated the process of urbanization of the Democratic Party which had begun with the election of 1928, and Roosevelt’s landslide win in New York City was a fruit born by this process. 1936 was the third election in a row in which Democrats had won all 5 boroughs of NYC, following 1928 and 1932. After 1936, New York City would remain Democratic overall in every election that has followed, although no presidential candidate would sweep all five boroughs of NYC again until Lyndon Johnson in 1964. Partly as a consequence of this, FDR’s 1936 victory in New York State would also be the strongest statewide Democratic performance ever in terms of both margin and vote share until 1964.[2]

In upstate New York, Roosevelt’s support was mostly concentrated in the cities. Roosevelt again carried the state capital of Albany, which since 1928 had become a Democratic stronghold of a city. Nearby Schenectady and Montgomery counties went Democratic as well. In 1936, FDR also managed to flip Erie County into the Democratic column, home to the city of Buffalo in western New York, up to that point a Republican city that had even held for Herbert Hoover in 1932. Finally flipping in 1936, Buffalo has remained a loyal Democratic bastion ever since. Monroe County, home to the city of Rochester, also swung from voting for Hoover in 1932 to Roosevelt in 1936.

However much of rural upstate New York remained one of the most loyally Republican regions in the nation throughout the FDR era, which many locals attributed to the fact that New Deal public works had barely affected the region.[4] In northern New York, FDR lost Franklin County, which was won by him 1932 and even won by Al Smith in 1928, leaving Clinton County as the sole Democratic win in the region. Roosevelt’s only other wins in the state were pluralities in Rockland County and Sullivan County. The Rural Midwest with the addition of Rural Upstate New York has been a bastion of the Republican Party since the Civil War.

Results[edit]

United States presidential election in New York, 1936
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic Franklin D. Roosevelt 3,018,298 53.93%
American Labor Franklin D. Roosevelt 274,924 4.91%
Total Franklin D. Roosevelt 3,293,222 58.85% 47
Republican Alf Landon 2,180,670 38.97% 0
Socialist Norman Thomas 86,897 1.55% 0
Communist Earl Browder 35,609 0.64% 0
Totals 5,596,398 100.0% 47

County Results (Certified)[edit]

Counties Region Roosevelt Landon Thomas Browder Totals MV MV%
Albany Capitol 71,631 52,962 2,834 84 127,511 18,669 14.64%
Allegany Western 5,288 13,829 375 16 19,508 (8,541) -43.78%
Bronx NYC 419,625 93,151 6,892 9,150 528,818 326,474 61.74%
Broome Southern 29,708 36,945 850 100 67,603 (7,237) -10.71%
Cattaraugus Western 11,901 20,484 577 22 32,984 (8,583) -26.02%
Cayuga Central 12,158 20,203 822 17 33,200 (8,045) -24.23%
Chautauqua Western 23,283 30,435 1,128 81 54,927 (7,152) -13.02%
Chemung Southern 15,542 20,515 122 16 36,195 (4,973) -13.74%
Chenango Southern 5,143 13,772 73 7 18,995 (8,629) -45.43%
Clinton North C. 10,898 10,521 110 9 21,538 377 1.75%
Columbia Capitol 8,375 13,034 236 28 21,673 (4,659) -21.50%
Cortland Central 4,606 11,718 303 10 16,637 (7,112) -42.75%
Delaware Southern 6,142 15,164 58 21,364 (9,022) -42.23%
Dutchess Hudson V. 24,467 28,868 922 88 54,345 (4,401) -8.10%
Erie Western 183,555 152,312 5,750 591 342,208 31,243 9.13%
Essex North C. 5,447 11,599 39 3 17,088 (6,152) -36.00%
Franklin North C. 8,799 11,521 147 11 20,478 (2,722) -13.29%
Fulton Mohawk V. 8,977 14,253 466 41 23,737 (5,276) -22.23%
Genesee Finger L. 6,177 13,292 583 17 20,069 (7,115) -35.45%
Greene Capitol 6,744 9,060 247 9 16,060 (2,316) -14.42%
Hamilton North C. 934 1,695 2,629 (761) -28.95%
Herkimer Mohawk V. 12,847 15,941 321 20 29,129 (3,094) -10.62%
Jefferson North C. 13,975 24,925 543 23 39,466 (10,950) -27.75%
Kings NYC 738,306 212,852 11,647 11,496 974,301 525,454 53.93%
Lewis North C. 3,263 8,048 108 7 11,426 (4,785) -41.88%
Livingston Finger L. 6,088 12,353 503 9 18,953 (6,265) -33.06%
Madison Central 5,867 14,353 353 17 20,590 (8,486) -41.21%
Monroe Finger L. 114,286 93,055 2,715 467 210,523 21,231 10.08%
Montgomery Mohawk V. 14,698 14,127 286 28 29,139 571 1.96%
Nassau Long Is. 74,232 94,968 3,301 278 172,779 (20,736) -12.00%
New York NYC 517,134 174,299 10,529 9,291 711,253 342,835 48.20%
Niagara Western 29,207 30,144 1,965 99 61,415 (937) -1.53%
Oneida Mohawk V. 43,439 46,317 1,244 111 91,111 (2,878) -3.16%
Onondaga Central 62,945 80,498 2,639 188 146,270 (17,553) -12.00%
Ontario Finger L. 8,787 17,812 604 12 27,215 (9,025) -33.16%
Orange Hudson V. 27,528 34,428 1,271 49 63,276 (6,900) -10.90%
Orleans Finger L. 4,016 10,569 398 11 14,994 (6,553) -43.70%
Oswego Central 11,068 22,803 484 21 34,376 (11,735) -34.14%
Otsego Mohawk V. 7,807 16,682 266 10 24,765 (8,875) -35.84%
Putnam Hudson V. 4,682 5,761 177 13 10,633 (1,079) -10.15%
Queens NYC 320,053 162,797 8,314 1,845 493,009 157,256 31.90%
Rensselaer Capitol 31,754 34,772 2,024 71 68,621 (3,018) -4.40%
Richmond NYC 46,229 22,852 1,138 170 70,389 23,377 33.21%
Rockland Hudson V. 15,876 15,583 574 57 32,090 293 0.91%
Saratoga Capitol 14,619 19,153 475 19 34,266 (4,534) -13.23%
Schenectady Capitol 31,027 26,914 1,361 105 59,407 4,113 6.92%
Schoharie Mohawk V. 4,229 6,895 301 9 11,434 (2,666) -23.32%
Schuyler Southern 2,551 4,819 75 10 7,455 (2,268) -30.42%
Seneca Finger L. 4,295 7,919 232 8 12,454 (3,624) -29.10%
St. Lawrence North C. 12,763 26,031 736 26 39,556 (13,268) -33.54%
Steuben Southern 14,978 24,987 821 24 40,810 (10,009) -24.53%
Suffolk Long Is. 33,078 48,970 2,187 100 84,335 (15,892) -18.84%
Sullivan Hudson V. 9,908 9,757 256 61 19,982 151 0.76%
Tioga Southern 4,305 9,163 150 22 13,640 (4,858) -35.62%
Tompkins Central 7,007 13,332 374 33 20,746 (6,325) -30.49%
Ulster Hudson V. 19,118 24,678 762 53 44,611 (5,560) -12.46%
Warren Capitol 6,807 12,873 182 9 19,871 (6,066) -30.53%
Washington Capitol 7,713 15,186 406 12 23,317 (7,473) -32.05%
Wayne Finger L. 7,099 17,901 516 18 25,534 (10,802) -42.30%
Westchester Hudson V. 123,561 133,670 3,841 497 261,569 (10,109) -3.86%
Wyoming Finger L. 4,420 10,253 162 6 14,841 (5,833) -39.30%
Yates Finger L. 2,257 6,897 122 4 9,280 (4,640) -50.00%
Totals 3,293,222 2,180,670 86,897 35,609 5,596,398 1,111,552 19.88%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bicentennial Edition: Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970, part 2, p. 1072.
  2. ^ a b Counting the Votes; New York
  3. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2013-07-25.
  4. ^ Sheppard, Si; The buying of the presidency?: Franklin D. Roosevelt, the New Deal, and the election of 1936 pp. 207, 216-217 ISBN 1440831068