1944 Philadelphia Phillies season

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

1944 Philadelphia Phillies
Also known as the Philadelphia Blue Jays
Major League affiliations
Location
Other information
Owner(s)R. R. M. Carpenter
General manager(s)Herb Pennock
Manager(s)Freddie Fitzsimmons
Local radioWIBG
(By Saam, Claude Haring, Doug Arthur)
< Previous season     Next season >

Offseason[edit]

Bill Veeck attempted to purchase the Phillies in late 1943. Veeck's plan was to sign players from the Negro leagues to make the Phillies competitive.[1]

The organization held a fan contest prior to the 1944 season to solicit a second nickname for the Phillies. Fans voted on Blue Jays and Elizabeth Crooks designed a logo of a blue jay perched on the Phillies word mark.[2][3]

Regular season[edit]

The Phillies got off to a 12–6 start, and on May 13 were 1.5 games out of first place. However, it was all downhill from there, as they finished with yet another losing season.

Season standings[edit]

National League W L Pct. GB Home Road
St. Louis Cardinals 105 49 0.682 54–22 51–27
Pittsburgh Pirates 90 63 0.588 14½ 49–28 41–35
Cincinnati Reds 89 65 0.578 16 45–33 44–32
Chicago Cubs 75 79 0.487 30 35–42 40–37
New York Giants 67 87 0.435 38 39–36 28–51
Boston Braves 65 89 0.422 40 38–40 27–49
Brooklyn Dodgers 63 91 0.409 42 37–39 26–52
Philadelphia Phillies 61 92 0.399 43½ 29–49 32–43

Record vs. opponents[edit]

1944 National League Records

Sources: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
Team BOB BKN CHC CIN NYG PHP PIT SLC
Boston 9–13 11–11 8–14 9–13 11–11–1 9–13 8–14
Brooklyn 13–9 8–14–1 8–14 10–12 16–6 4–18 4–18
Chicago 11–11 14–8–1 9–13–1 10–12 13–9 12–10–1 6–16
Cincinnati 14–8 14–8 13–9–1 15–7 13–19 12–10 8–14
New York 13–9 12–10 12–10 7–15 10–12 7–15–1 6–16
Philadelphia 11–11–1 6–16 9–13 9–13 12–10 9–12 5–17
Pittsburgh 13–9 18–4 10–12–1 10–12 15–7–1 12–9 12–10–3
St. Louis 14–8 18–4 16–6 14–8 16–6 17–5 10–12–3


Game log[edit]

Legend
  Phillies win
  Phillies loss
  Phillies tie
  Postponement
Bold Phillies team member
1944 Game Log[4]
Overall Record: 61–92–1
^[a] The second game on April 30, 1944, ended due to the Pennsylvania Sunday curfew after nine innings with the score tied 2–2,[7][66][67] and an additional game was played on June 13.
^[b] The game on May 16, 1944, was suspended (mutual consent between managers[68][69] to allow the Phillies to catch a train to Cincinnati[10]) after seven innings with the score 6–4 and was completed June 28 with different umpires.[9][70][71]
^[c] The second game on May 21, 1944, was suspended (Sunday curfew[72]) after eight innings with the score 9–4[73][74] and was completed July 5.[9][75][76]
^[d] The original schedule indicated single games on June 12, 14, and 15 with Boston; the June 12 game was moved to June 13 (originally an off-day) and combined with a makeup game (due to the April 30 tie game).[9][77]
^[e] The original schedule indicated single games on June 19, 20, 21, and 22 at Boston; the June 19 game was moved to June 21 (as a double-header) and ultimately to June 22 (as a double-header).[77]
^[f] The second game on July 16, 1944, was suspended (Sunday curfew[78]) after eight innings with the score 3–6[79][80] and was completed September 15.[81][82]
^[g] The original schedule indicated a single games on July 27 and 28 with St. Louis;[77] it was moved to July 27 (as a double-header).
^[h] Contemporary newspaper accounts indicate that the Phillies finished the August 4 game under protest.[83][84] Neither Baseball-Reference[85] nor Retrosheet[86] indicates an official protest.
^[i] The original schedule indicated a single game on September 9 with Brooklyn; it was moved to September 8 (originally an off-day).[77]
^[j] The original schedule indicated a single games on September 28, 29, 30, and October 1 with Pittsburgh;[77] variations included double-headers on September 28 and October 1 (with off days in between).[87] The schedule was revised for single games on September 29 and 30 with a double-header on October 1.[77]

Roster[edit]

1944 Philadelphia Phillies
Roster
Pitchers Catchers

Infielders

Outfielders

Other batters

Manager

Coaches

Player stats[edit]

Batting[edit]

Starters by position[edit]

Note: Pos = Position; G = Games played; AB = At bats; H = Hits; Avg. = Batting average; HR = Home runs; RBI = Runs batted in

Pos Player G AB H Avg. HR RBI
3B Glen Stewart 118 377 83 .220 0 29

Other batters[edit]

Note: G = Games played; AB = At bats; H = Hits; Avg. = Batting average; HR = Home runs; RBI = Runs batted in

Player G AB H Avg. HR RBI
Lee Riley 4 12 1 .083 0 1
Chuck Klein 4 7 1 .143 0 0
Nick Goulish 1 1 0 .000 0 0

Pitching[edit]

Starting pitchers[edit]

Note: G = Games pitched; IP = Innings pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts

Player G IP W L ERA SO
Dick Barrett 37 221.1 12 18 3.86 74
Bill Lee 31 208.1 10 11 3.15 50

Other pitchers[edit]

Note: G = Games pitched; IP = Innings pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts

Player G IP W L ERA SO
Vern Kennedy 12 55.1 1 5 4.23 23

Relief pitchers[edit]

Note: G = Games pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; SV = Saves; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts

Player G W L SV ERA SO
Chet Covington 19 1 1 0 4.66 13
Deacon Donahue 6 0 2 0 7.71 2

Farm system[edit]

Level Team League Manager
A Utica Blue Sox Eastern League Eddie Sawyer
B Wilmington Blue Rocks Interstate League Dutch Dorman and Ray Brubaker
D Bradford Blue Wings PONY League Ray Brubaker and Ken Blackman

[88]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Opening Day: The Story of Jackie Robinson's First Season, p. 181, Jonathan Eig, Simon & Schuster, 2007, New York, ISBN 978-0-7432-9461-4
  2. ^ "Phillies will be known as Blue Jays, but don't look it up". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). Associated Press. March 5, 1944. p. 9.
  3. ^ "Blue Jays Already Creating Squawks". The Sporting News. March 16, 1944. Archived from the original on December 17, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
  4. ^ "1944 Philadelphia Phillies Schedule, Box Scores and Splits". Baseball-Reference.com.
  5. ^ "Baseball". The Windsor Daily Star. Windsor, ON. April 22, 1944. p. 3 (Section 3). Retrieved November 23, 2018.
  6. ^ "Major League Standings". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. April 28, 1944. p. 18. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Phils Beat Braves, 2-1, Then Tie, 2-2: Capture Opener In 14 Innings; Curfew Halts Second". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. Associated Press (AP). May 1, 1944. p. 16. Retrieved November 26, 2018. [T]he second game ... was called at the end of the ninth because of a city [sic] curfew.
  8. ^ a b "Majors at a Glance". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, PA. May 8, 1944. p. 18. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d e "Tie Play-Off Dates Announced By Senior Loop". Meriden Record. Meriden, CT. Associated Press (AP). June 7, 1944. p. 10. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  10. ^ a b "Phils Lead Cards When Play Stops". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. Associated Press (AP). May 17, 1944. p. 12. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  11. ^ "Baseball in a Nutshell". Milwaukee Sentinel. Milwaukee, WI. May 26, 1944. p. 3 (Part 2). Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  12. ^ "Baseball in a Nutshell". Milwaukee Sentinel. Milwaukee, WI. May 28, 1944. p. 3 (Section B). Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  13. ^ Balinger, Ed. F. (May 29, 1944). "Pirates, Phils Divide Sunday Twin Bill: Sewell Shuts Out Jays, 6-0; Mates Then Bow, 8-2: Rip Captures Sixth; Jays Hit Strincevich Hard in Second". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. p. 14. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  14. ^ Balinger, Ed. F. (May 30, 1944). "Pirates Defeat Phils in 11th, 3 to 2: O'Brien Hits Triple To Help Decide: Dahlgren's Fly Brings in Run; Raffensberger Strikes Out 13". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. p. 16. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  15. ^ "Reds Win Twin Bill: Down Phillies, 4-3, in Opener and 7-4 in Nightcap". The Gazette. Montreal, QC. Associated Press (AP). May 31, 1944. pp. 14–15. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  16. ^ "Cards Swamp Phillies: 20,339 See St. Louis Rack Up 9-3 Victory". The Gazette. Montreal, QC. Associated Press (AP). June 3, 1944. p. 16. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
  17. ^ "Cards Again". St. Petersburg Times. St. Petersburg, FL. June 4, 1944. p. 21. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
  18. ^ "Lee Checks Cards, 1-0, On Two Hits: Gives Blue Jays Split in Bill After Redbirds Win First, 4-2". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. Associated Press (AP). June 5, 1944. p. 14. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
  19. ^ "Major League Summaries". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. June 7, 1944. p. 14. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  20. ^ "Sports Programs Suspended by D-Day: Ball Games, Horse Races, Fights Off: Athletic World Pauses to Pray For Safety Of Fighting Men". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. June 7, 1944. p. 14. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  21. ^ Boyle, Havey J. (June 7, 1944). "Mirrors of Sport: Baseball Does the Right Thing". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. p. 14. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  22. ^ "Baseball". The Windsor Daily Star. Windsor, ON. June 12, 1944. p. 2 (Section 2). Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  23. ^ "Baseball Results". The Southeast Missourian. Cape Girardeau, MO. June 12, 1944. p. 5. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  24. ^ "Major League Standings". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. June 15, 1944. p. 14. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  25. ^ "Dodger Top Phils, 5 to 4, Melton Fails to Last But Received Credit". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. Associated Press (AP). June 17, 1944. p. 7. Retrieved November 23, 2018.
  26. ^ "10-Inning Game Won By Single: Cubs Beat Reds 2-1; Phils Lose Close One: Wyatt Wins First". The Spokesman-Review. Spokane, WA. Associated Press (AP). June 18, 1944. p. 1 (Part 2). Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  27. ^ "Dodgers Top Jays, 7-3, Then Are Beaten 6-2: Ed Head Victor In Opener; McLish Bows". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. Associated Press (AP). June 19, 1944. p. 16. Retrieved November 23, 2018.
  28. ^ "Baseball". The Windsor Daily Star. Windsor, ON. June 21, 1944. p. 3 (Section 2). Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  29. ^ a b "Major League Summaries". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. June 22, 1944. p. 12. Retrieved November 23, 2018.
  30. ^ "The Majors". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, PA. July 14, 1944. p. 26. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  31. ^ Annabel, Russell (July 16, 1944). "Detroit Splits With Sox; City Loop In Full Swing: Yanks Nearing Top-Spot Browns: Lupien Gets Homer". Eugene Register-Guard. Eugene, OR. Associated Press (AP). p. 10. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  32. ^ "Box Scores of Games in Major Leagues". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, PA. July 17, 1944. p. 15. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  33. ^ Balinger, Ed. F. (July 21, 1944). "Bucs Beat Phils, 4 to 1; Lose, 3 to 2: Jays Cop Second in 11th After Starr Defeats Them: Ray Effective In Morning; Rescigno Fails In Relief Role". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. p. 14. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  34. ^ "Reds Split 2 With Phillies". Milwaukee Sentinel. Milwaukee, WI. Associated Press (AP). July 24, 1944. p. 4 (Section 2). Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  35. ^ "Baseball Review—Indians, with Bagby, Seem Like Good Pennant Threat". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, PA. United Press (UP). July 25, 1944. p. 18. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  36. ^ "Al Jurisich, Cards Blank Phillies, 9-0: Walker Cooper And Musial Clout Two-Run Homers In Night Game". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. Associated Press (AP). July 26, 1944. p. 12. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
  37. ^ "Cardinals Sweep Phillies, 8-7, 5-0: Cooper Gains 5th Shutout In Nightcap: Victory Is 13th For St. Louis Star; Three Hurlers Chased In First Game". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. Associated Press (AP). June 28, 1944. p. 14. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
  38. ^ a b "Passing of an Era—Cooper-Wyatt Duel No Longer Packs Crowds". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, PA. United Press (UP). August 2, 1944. p. 21. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
  39. ^ a b "Major Leagues". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. August 3, 1944. p. 12. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
  40. ^ "Bucs - Phils' Tilt Postponed". The Gazette. Montreal, QC. Associated Press (AP). August 17, 1944. p. 12. Retrieved December 16, 2018.
  41. ^ Balinger, Ed. F. (August 17, 1944). "Rain Stops Buc Phil Game in Third: Jays Leading, 2-0, When Play Ceases; Doubleheader Today". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. p. 12. Retrieved December 16, 2018.
  42. ^ "Boxscores of Games Played in Major Leagues". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, PA. August 28, 1944. p. 17. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
  43. ^ "Braves Top Phils, 7-4, 3-2: Double Victory Gives Boston Sixth Place". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. Associated Press (AP). September 2, 1944. p. 7. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
  44. ^ "Braves Beat Phils, 2-1, in 13 Innings". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, PA. United Press. September 3, 1944. p. 13. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
  45. ^ "Phillies and Braves Divide Bargain Bill: Schanz 5-0 Victor After Tobin Take 2-1 Slab Duel". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. Associated Press (AP). September 4, 1944. p. 14. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
  46. ^ "Philly Rally Takes Second: Wallop Giants by 14-8 After Losing, 7-0". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. Associated Press (AP). September 5, 1944. p. 13. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
  47. ^ "Phils Best Bums In Cellar Fight". The Windsor Daily Star. Windsor, ON. September 8, 1944. p. 2 (Section 2). Retrieved December 8, 2018.
  48. ^ "Dodgers Edge Phils, 4 to 3: Push Over Winning Tally in Ninth". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. Associated Press (AP). September 9, 1944. p. 7. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
  49. ^ "Phils Split With Dodgers: Brooklyn Wins, 8-4, Then Loses, 3-2". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. Associated Press (AP). September 11, 1944. p. 15. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
  50. ^ a b "The Majors". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, PA. September 13, 1944. p. 22. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
  51. ^ a b "The Majors". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, PA. September 14, 1944. p. 22. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
  52. ^ "The Majors". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, PA. September 15, 1944. p. 36. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
  53. ^ "Baseball Review—Four-Way Struggle For Pennant Resumes In American League". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, PA. United Press (UP). September 15, 1944. p. 36. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
  54. ^ "Phils Down Giants, 7-3: Raffensberger Victor Over Feldman". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. Associated Press (AP). September 16, 1944. p. 7. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
  55. ^ "Phils Win Double". St. Petersburg Times. St. Petersburg, FL. September 17, 1944. p. 18. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
  56. ^ "Phillies Win Twice: Defeat Giants, 7-0 and 5-4, in Twin Bill". The Gazette. Montreal, QC. Associated Press (AP). September 18, 1944. p. 16. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
  57. ^ a b "Major Leagues". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. September 20, 1944. p. 12. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  58. ^ "Major League Scores". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, PA. September 21, 1944. p. 23. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  59. ^ "Reds Down Phils, 8-4, 5-3: Ray Mueller Catches 144th Consecutive Game". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. Associated Press (AP). September 22, 1944. p. 14. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  60. ^ "Cards Defeat Phils". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, PA. United Press (UP). September 24, 1944. p. 31. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
  61. ^ "Cards Win Twice Over the Phillies: Cooper Takes Opener, 4-3, as Wilks Captures Nightcap, 1-0—Kurowski Homers". The Gazette. Montreal, QC. Associated Press (AP). September 25, 1944. p. 16. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
  62. ^ "Bruins Sweep Philly Bargain: Capture Opener by 7-6, Grab Second, 4-1". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. Associated Press (AP). September 26, 1944. p. 13. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
  63. ^ "Lots of Runs Here". St. Petersburg Times. St. Petersburg, FL. September 27, 1944. p. 6. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
  64. ^ "Curtain Comes Down—Rain Spoils Buc-Blue Jay Game; Doubleheader Today". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, PA. October 1, 1944. p. 33. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  65. ^ Balinger, Ed. F. (October 2, 1944). "Bucs Take Second Place; Beat Phils 9-1, Lose, 7-1: Sewell Wins 21st In Opener; Davis Sets League Mark". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. p. 15. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  66. ^ "Phillies Take Edge: Beat Braves in Opener, 2-1—Nightcap Tied". The Gazette. Montreal, QC. Associated Press (AP). May 1, 1944. p. 21. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  67. ^ "Philadelphia Phillies 2, Boston Braves 2 (2)". retrosheet.org. April 30, 1944. Retrieved November 26, 2018. [G]ame called due to curfew[.]
  68. ^ "Baseball Review—NL Rule Hits In Cards-Jays Shortened Tilt". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, PA. United Press (UP). May 17, 1944. p. 22. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  69. ^ "Receipts To Go Into War Funds: Baseball Starts After Its Third $500,000 Goal Tonight: Yankees Play Browns: Important Series Between New York and St. Louis Nines". Daily Journal-World. Lawrence, KS. Associated Press (AP). June 28, 1944. p. 8. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  70. ^ Martin, Whitney (May 24, 1944). "Ford Frick Rules On What Constitutes A Ball Game". Meriden Record. Meriden, CT. Associated Press (AP). p. 5. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  71. ^ "Philadelphia Phillies 6, St. Louis Cardinals 5". retrosheet.org. May 16, 1944. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  72. ^ "Pirates Hold Edge: Win Opener from Phillies, 4-3—Nightcap Called". The Gazette. Montreal, QC. Associated Press (AP). May 22, 1944. pp. 16, 18. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  73. ^ Balinger, Ed. F. (May 22, 1944). "Pirates Win, 4-3; 2nd Game Called: Sunday Law Halts Nightcap in Eighth, Phils 9, Bucs 4: Butcher, in Relief Role, Beats Schanz In Opener to Widen Win Streak To Five; Visitors Hit Hard in Second". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. pp. 16–17. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  74. ^ "Detroit Grabs Spotlight By Winning 6th Straight: Sens Whipped Twice by Tigers; Yanks Beat Browns in 2 Games; Cards Split With Giants". Toledo Blade. Toledo, OH. Associated Press (AP). May 22, 1944. p. 18. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  75. ^ Hand, Jack (July 6, 1944). "All-Stars Shine In Big Leagues". Eugene Register-Guard. Eugene, OR. Associated Press (AP). p. 18. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  76. ^ "Philadelphia Phillies 9, Pittsburgh Pirates 4 (2)". retrosheet.org. May 21, 1944. Retrieved December 1, 2018. Game suspended at this point for Sunday law, completed on July 5[.]
  77. ^ a b c d e f "1944 Original Regular Season Schedules". retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 23, 2018.
  78. ^ "Phillies Beat Giants, 6-2; Second Halted: New York Ahead By 6-3 Score When Umpire Stops Play". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. Associated Press (AP). July 17, 1944. p. 14. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  79. ^ "Curfew Halts Second Game In Double Bill". The Windsor Daily Star. Windsor, ON. July 17, 1944. p. 3 (Section 2). Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  80. ^ "Phillies Lead Giants: Take Opener, 6-2, as Nightcap Called After Eighth". The Gazette. Montreal, QC. Associated Press (AP). July 17, 1944. p. 16. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  81. ^ "Giants, Phils Split: Raffensberger Winning Hurler, Feldman Is Loser". The Gazette. Montreal, QC. Associated Press (AP). September 16, 1944. p. 16. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  82. ^ "New York Giants 8, Philadelphia Phillies 3 (2)". retrosheet.org. July 16, 1944. Retrieved November 24, 2018. [G]ame called for curfew at 6:44 [p.m.], completed on 9/15 with same umpire crew[.]
  83. ^ "Giants Win, 4-3, On Luby's Homer". Meriden Record. Meriden, CT. Associated Press (AP). August 5, 1944. p. 5. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  84. ^ Lundquist, Carl (August 5, 1944). "Fans New 'Cry Babies' At Cleveland as Tribe Pulls Familiar Foldup". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, PA. United Press (UP). p. 8. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  85. ^ "Philadelphia Phillies at New York Giants Box Score, August 4, 1944". baseball-reference.com. sports-reference.com. August 4, 1944. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  86. ^ "New York Giants 4, Philadelphia Phillies 3". retrosheet.org. August 4, 1944. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  87. ^ "Bucs Rest Today—Pirates-Phils Card Revised". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, PA. September 28, 1944. p. 22. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  88. ^ Johnson, Lloyd, and Wolff, Miles, ed., The Encyclopedia of Minor League Baseball, 2nd and 3rd editions. Durham, N.C.: Baseball America, 1997 and 2007

External links[edit]