1950 United States elections

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1950 United States elections
Midterm elections
Election dayNovember 7
Incumbent presidentHarry S. Truman (Democratic)
Next Congress82nd
Senate elections
Overall controlDemocratic Hold
Seats contested36 of 96 seats
(32 Class 3 seats + 6 special elections)[1]
Net seat changeRepublican +5
Us 1950 senate election map.svg
1950 Senate election results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold

House elections
Overall controlDemocratic Hold
Seats contestedAll 435 voting seats
Popular vote marginDemocratic +0.7%
Net seat changeRepublican +28
Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested33
Net seat changeRepublican +6
1950 gubernatorial election results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold

The 1950 United States elections were held on November 7, 1950, and elected the members of the 82nd United States Congress. The election took place during the Korean War, during Democratic President Harry S. Truman's second (only full) term. The Democrats lost twenty-eight seats to the Republican Party in the House of Representatives. The Democrats also lost five seats in the U.S. Senate to the Republicans.[2] Congressman Vito Marcantonio's defeat left third parties without representation in Congress for the first time since 1908.

Like his predecessor Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1938, Truman and the Democratic party managed to maintain control of both houses, defying the six-year itch phenomenon for the second time in a row. However, the election was still a defeat for Truman, as it strengthened the conservative coalition and ensured that none of Truman's Fair Deal policies would pass. Republicans also ran against Truman's prosecution of the Korean War, and the 82nd Congress subsequently conducted numerous investigations into the course of the war. The election set the stage for the presidency of Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower and the centrist policies of the 1950s.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Two Class 3 seats held both a regularly-scheduled election and a special election in 1950. These two seats are not double-counted for the total number of seats contested.
  2. ^ "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 1950" (PDF). U.S. House of Reps, Office of the Clerk.
  3. ^ Busch, Andrew (1999). Horses in Midstream. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 91–94.