1954 New Zealand Labour Party leadership election

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1954 New Zealand Labour Party leadership election
NZLP logo.jpg
← 1951 23 June 1954 1963 →
  Walter Nash (ca 1940s).jpg Arnold Nordmeyer (1954).jpg
Candidate Walter Nash Arnold Nordmeyer
Popular vote 17 9
Percentage 56.66% 30.00%

Leader before election

Walter Nash

Leader after election

Walter Nash

The 1954 New Zealand Labour Party leadership election was held on 23 June 1954 to determine the future leadership of the New Zealand Labour Party. The election was won by Hutt MP Walter Nash, the incumbent leader.

Background[edit]

Nash's initial handling of the leadership of the Labour party was seen as rather mediocre. He had difficult obstacles, chiefly the waterfront dispute. Nash attempted to take a moderate position in the dispute, stating "we are not for the waterside workers, and we are not against them". Labour's neutral position merely ended up displeasing both sides, however, and Nash was widely accused of indecision and lack of courage.[1] Labour was defeated heavily in the 1951 snap election.

In May 1953, Rex Mason informed Nash that several members were complaining to him about the party's leadership to him and that he thought that the majority wanted a new leader to take over.[2] Later, in February 1954, MP Angus McLagan referred to a newspaper article questioning Nash's leadership which resulted in a unanimous call for a date to be set for new leadership selection.[3]

Candidates[edit]

Walter Nash[edit]

Nash had been Labour's leader since 1951. While his leadership was questioned by caucus colleagues, Nash had overwhelming support from the Trade Unions, who backed the party financially. Likewise, party branches from all over the country passed resolutions confirming their support for Nash, sending a message to prospective challengers.[4] Nash was nominated by Mick Moohan for the leadership.

Arnold Nordmeyer[edit]

Nordmeyer had been an MP since 1935, though briefly out of parliament from 1949-51. He was the then President of the party and it was speculated he may have been involved with leaking the media report quoted by McLagan.[2] Nordmeyer was nominated by Warren Freer for the leadership.[5]

Result[edit]

Under pressure from the grass roots members and trade unions, the majority of Labour's caucus voted for Nash. Some, such as Moohan, switched sides and voted for Nash in recognition of the increasing unpopularity of a leadership change.[6] According to Nash himself, only nine votes were cast against him.[5] The four Maori MPs abstained from the vote.[7]

Leadership ballot[edit]

Candidate Votes %
Walter Nash 17 56.67
Arnold Nordmeyer 9 30.00
Abstentions 4 13.33
Majority 6 20.00
Turnout 30 N/A

How each MP voted[edit]

A list of each MP's vote.[5]

MP Leader Vote
Bill Anderton Nordmeyer
Clyde Carr Nash
Charles Henry Chapman Nash
Harry Combs Nash
Phil Connolly Nordmeyer
Joe Cotterill Nash
Warren Freer Nordmeyer
Fred Hackett Nordmeyer
Mabel Howard Nash
Wally Hudson Nash
Paddy Kearins Nordmeyer
Jim Kent Nash
Ritchie Macdonald Nash
Robert Macfarlane Nordmeyer
Rex Mason Nordmeyer
Jock Mathison Nash
Robert McKeen Nash
Angus McLagan Nash
Ethel McMillan Nash
Mick Moohan Nash
Walter Nash Nash
Arnold Nordmeyer Nordmeyer
Tiaki Omana Abstain
Tapihana Paraire Paikea Abstain
Iriaka Ratana Abstain
Bob Semple Nash
Jerry Skinner Nash
John Stewart Nordmeyer
Eruera Tirikatene Abstain
Hugh Watt Nash

Aftermath[edit]

The affair was messy and won little support from either public or party. As a result, Nordmeyer, Bill Anderton and Phil Connolly were called before Labour's National Executive.[8] Nash himself was shocked at Nordmeyer's level of support.[9] Nash would remain leader until 1963, when he retired. Nordmeyer took his place as leader, though was only to hold the post for two years. Jerry Skinner remained as deputy-leader, he was re-elected unopposed for the position.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sinclair 1976, p. 284.
  2. ^ a b Logan 2008, p. 280.
  3. ^ Sinclair 1976, p. 293.
  4. ^ Sinclair 1976, p. 293-4.
  5. ^ a b c d Sinclair 1976, p. 294.
  6. ^ Logan 2008, p. 280-1.
  7. ^ Franks & McAloon 2016, p. 147.
  8. ^ Logan 2008, p. 281.
  9. ^ Franks & McAloon 2016, p. 146.

References[edit]

  • Franks, Peter; McAloon, Jim (2016). Labour: The New Zealand Labour Party 1916-2016. Wellington: Victoria University Press. ISBN 978-1-77656-074-5.
  • Sinclair, Keith (1976). Walter Nash. Auckland, New Zealand: Oxford.
  • Logan, Mary (2008). Nordy, Arnold Nordmeyer a political biography. Wellington: Steele Roberts Publishers. ISBN 978-1-877448-33-1.