1972 United States elections

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1972 United States elections
Presidential election year
Election dayNovember 7
Incumbent presidentRichard Nixon (Republican)
Next Congress93rd
Presidential election
Partisan controlRepublican Hold
Popular vote marginRepublican +23.2%
Electoral vote
Richard Nixon (R)520
George McGovern (D)17
1972 United States presidential election in California1972 United States presidential election in Oregon1972 United States presidential election in Washington (state)1972 United States presidential election in Idaho1972 United States presidential election in Nevada1972 United States presidential election in Utah1972 United States presidential election in Arizona1972 United States presidential election in Montana1972 United States presidential election in Wyoming1972 United States presidential election in Colorado1972 United States presidential election in New Mexico1972 United States presidential election in North Dakota1972 United States presidential election in South Dakota1972 United States presidential election in Nebraska1972 United States presidential election in Kansas1972 United States presidential election in Oklahoma1972 United States presidential election in Texas1972 United States presidential election in Minnesota1972 United States presidential election in Iowa1972 United States presidential election in Missouri1972 United States presidential election in Arkansas1972 United States presidential election in Louisiana1972 United States presidential election in Wisconsin1972 United States presidential election in Illinois1972 United States presidential election in Michigan1972 United States presidential election in Indiana1972 United States presidential election in Ohio1972 United States presidential election in Kentucky1972 United States presidential election in Tennessee1972 United States presidential election in Mississippi1972 United States presidential election in Alabama1972 United States presidential election in Georgia1972 United States presidential election in Florida1972 United States presidential election in South Carolina1972 United States presidential election in North Carolina1972 United States presidential election in Virginia1972 United States presidential election in West Virginia1972 United States presidential election in the District of Columbia1972 United States presidential election in Maryland1972 United States presidential election in Delaware1972 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania1972 United States presidential election in New Jersey1972 United States presidential election in New York1972 United States presidential election in Connecticut1972 United States presidential election in Rhode Island1972 United States presidential election in Vermont1972 United States presidential election in New Hampshire1972 United States presidential election in Maine1972 United States presidential election in Massachusetts1972 United States presidential election in Hawaii1972 United States presidential election in Alaska1972 United States presidential election in the District of Columbia1972 United States presidential election in Maryland1972 United States presidential election in Delaware1972 United States presidential election in New Jersey1972 United States presidential election in Connecticut1972 United States presidential election in Rhode Island1972 United States presidential election in Massachusetts1972 United States presidential election in Vermont1972 United States presidential election in New HampshireElectoralCollege1972.svg
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1972 presidential election results. Red denotes states won by Nixon, blue denotes states won by McGovern. Numbers indicate the electoral votes won by each candidate.
Senate elections
Overall controlDemocratic Hold
Seats contested34 of 100 seats
(33 seats of Class 2 + 2 special elections)[1]
Net seat changeDemocratic +2
1972 Senate election map.svg
1972 Senate results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold
  Independent hold

House elections
Overall controlDemocratic Hold
Seats contestedAll 435 voting members
Popular vote marginDemocratic +5.6%
Net seat changeRepublican +12
1972 House Elections in the United States.png
1972 House of Representatives results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold
  Independent gain

Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested20 (18 states, 2 territories)
Net seat changeDemocratic +1
1972 Gubernatorial election map.svg
1972 gubernatorial election results
Territorial races not shown

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold

The 1972 United States elections was held on November 7, and elected the members of the 93rd United States Congress. The election took place during the later stages of the Vietnam War. The Republican Party won a landslide victory in the presidential election and picked up seats in the House, but the Democratic Party easily retained control of Congress. This was the first election after the ratification of the 26th Amendment granted the right to vote to those aged 18-20.[2]

Incumbent Republican President Richard Nixon won re-election, defeating Democratic Senator George McGovern from South Dakota.[3] Nixon won a landslide victory, taking just under 61% of the popular vote and winning every state but Massachusetts and Washington, D.C.. Libertarian John Hospers won the electoral vote of one faithless elector, making him the most recent member of a third party to win an electoral vote. McGovern won the Democratic nomination after defeating Washington Senator Henry M. Jackson, Alabama Governor George Wallace, and New York Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm. This was the first presidential election after the McGovern–Fraser Commission (which McGovern himself had chaired) caused an increase in the number of states holding primary elections.[4]

In the House, the Republican Party picked up twelve seats, but Democrats easily retained a majority. In the Senate, the Democratic Party picked up two seats, increasing their majority. The House elections took place after the 1970 United States Census and the subsequent Congressional re-apportionment.

In the gubernatorial elections, Democrats won a net gain of one seat.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Class 2 Senate seat in Georgia held concurrent regular and special elections in November 1972. That special election is not included in the total number of seats contested.
  2. ^ "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 7, 1972" (PDF). U.S. House of Reps, Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  3. ^ "1972 Presidential Election". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 13 August 2011.
  4. ^ Schulman, Bruce (25 October 2015). "McGovern: Forging a modern political party". Reuters. Retrieved 8 September 2015.