1974 British Airways bombing attempt
A British Airways Hawker Siddeley Trident similar to the aircraft involved
|Date||23 July 1974|
|Aircraft type||Hawker Siddeley Trident|
|Flight origin||Belfast International Airport, Northern Ireland|
|Destination||London Heathrow Airport, England|
On 23 July 1974, a small bomb was found aboard a British Airways flight from Belfast to London, following a telephoned warning. The flight made an emergency landing at Manchester Airport. The Provisional IRA claimed it had planted the bomb as a symbolic act, and that it had not been set to explode. It is the only time that the IRA has planted a bomb aboard an aircraft, and was the second terrorist incident involving a bomb aboard an aircraft in the United Kingdom.
The flight took off from Belfast International Airport, Northern Ireland for a domestic flight to London Heathrow Airport, England. As the flight was over the Irish Sea a phone call was made to the Irish News warning that a bomb was on board and would explode. The flight crew diverted and made an emergency landing at Manchester Airport. All 85 passengers and crew were removed from the aircraft. Police found the bomb in a plastic bag under one of the seats. The bomb had 2 kg (4.4 lb) of explosives and was removed where a controlled explosion was carried out.
Three police officers from the Royal Ulster Constabulary were on board the flight. The Chief Constable of Northern Ireland, James Flanagan together with his wife and two police officers with their families were travelling to London to attend an investiture; the two officers were to receive the British Empire Medal from Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace for their work during the ongoing Northern Ireland conflict. The MP James Molyneaux, Chief Whip for the Ulster Unionist Party and a senior member of the Orange Order was also on the flight. Bob Rae, who would later become Premier of the Canadian province of Ontario and leader of the Liberal Party of Canada, was also a passenger.
The Provisional IRA claimed that they had put the bomb on the aircraft. The IRA said the bomb was not primed and was not meant to detonate, but that it had been planted as a symbolic act, to show that they could get through the security at Belfast Airport. It is unknown how the bomb made its way on board.
The British Airline Pilots' Association called for sterner security measures at Belfast Airport, such as banning hand luggage, banning cleaners from boarding the aircraft during the turn-round, and not taking on catering supplies at Belfast.
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