1976 Portuguese presidential election

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1976 Portuguese presidential election

← 1972 27 June 1976 1980 →
  António Ramalho Eanes.jpg Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho 1976 b.tif
Candidate António Ramalho Eanes Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho
Party Independent Independent
Popular vote 2,967,137 792,760
Percentage 61.6% 16.5%

President before election

Francisco da Costa Gomes


António Ramalho Eanes

The Portuguese presidential election of 1976 was held on 27 June.

With a broad base of support that comprised the center-left and the center-right, Ramalho Eanes won the election on the first round and became the first elected President of Portugal after the Carnation Revolution.

The Portuguese Communist Party presented its own candidate, Octávio Pato, a well known anti-fascist. One of the major responsibles for the military operations during the Carnation Revolution, in 1974, Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho, was also a candidate.


Any Portuguese citizen over 35 years old has the opportunity to run for president. In order to do so it is necessary to gather between 7500 and 15000 signatures and submit them to the Portuguese Constitutional Court.

According to the Portuguese Constitution, to be elected, a candidate needs a majority of votes. If no candidate gets this majority there will take place a second round between the two most voted candidates.


Unsuccessful candidacies[edit]

There was also one candidate rejected by the Portuguese Constitutional Court for not complying with the legal requirements:

  • Venceslau Pompílio da Cruz;


Candidate receiving most votes, per district.
e • d Summary of the 27 June 1976 Portuguese presidential election results
Candidates Supporting parties First round
Votes %
António Ramalho Eanes Independent 2,967,137 61.59
Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho Independent 792,760 16.46
José Pinheiro de Azevedo Independent 692,147 14.37
Octávio Rodrigues Pato Portuguese Communist Party 365,586 7.59
Total valid 4,817,630 100.00
Blank ballots 43,242 0.89
Invalid ballots 20,253 0.41
Total (turnout 75.47%) 4,881,125
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições
Vote share 1st Round
António Ramalho Eanes
Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho
José Pinheiro de Azevedo
Octávio Rodrigues Pato


  • "CNE Resultados". Comissão Nacional de Eleições. Retrieved 17 May 2005.
  • "Centro de Estudos do Pensamento Político". Archived from the original on 2006-08-18. Retrieved 17 May 2005.

External links[edit]

See also[edit]