1979 in spaceflight

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1979 in spaceflight
Skylab and Earth Limb - GPN-2000-001055.jpg
The Skylab space station, which decayed from orbit on 11 July
Orbital launches
First11 January
Last28 December
Total110
Catalogued106
National firsts
Orbital launch Europe
Space traveller Bulgaria
Rockets
Maiden flightsAriane 1
Scout G-1
SLV
RetirementsDelta 2000
Mu-3C
Scout D-1
Crewed flights
Orbital2
Total travellers4

The following is an outline of 1979 in spaceflight.

Launches[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January[edit]

11 January
15:07[1]
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1070 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination) Reconnaissance 20 January 1979 Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
13 January
15:30
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1071 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
16 January
17:37
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1072 Low Earth (82.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (810 kg)
18 January
15:42
Soviet UnionMolniya-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionMolniya 3-11 Extremely elliptical orbit (64.1 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1750 kg)
25 January
05:43
Soviet UnionVostok-M Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionMeteor-prigoda 2 (Meteor 1-29) SSO unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1100 kg)
30 January
15:15
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1073 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
30 January
21:42
United StatesDelta 2914 United StatesCape Canaveral pad LC 17B United States McDonnell Douglas
United StatesSCATHA USAF Extremely Elliptical Orbit (4.9 degrees inclination) Communications
Technology demo
In orbit Successful
Experimental military payload (360 kg)
31 January
09:00:00
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1074 Low Earth (51.6 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (7000 kg)

February[edit]

6 February
08:46
JapanN-I JapanTanegashima, Osaki launch complex Japan
JapanAyame 1 [ja] (ECS A) Extremely Elliptical Orbit (0.7 degrees inclination) unknown Spacecraft has failed 9 February 1979 during apogee kick motor burn after recontact with 3rd stage
Civilian payload (260 kg)
8 February
10:00
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1075 Low Earth (65.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (1080 kg)
12 February
13:00:00
Soviet UnionTsyklon-3(Cyclone-3) Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 32/2 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1076 Low Earth (82.5 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (1900 kg)
13 February
21:41
Soviet UnionVostok-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1077 Low Earth (81.2 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (2500 kg)
16 February
15:00
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 41 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos (number not assigned) no 16 February 1979 Failed to reach orbit
Military payload
18 February
18:59:00[2]
United StatesScout D-1 S202C United StatesWallops LA-3A United States NASA
United StatesSAGE NASA Low Earth (54.9 degrees inclination) Earth observation 11 April 1989 Successful
Civilian payload (148.7 kg)
21 February
05:00
JapanMu-3C JapanTanegashima, Mu launch complex Japan
JapanHakucho (CORSA B) Low Earth (29.9 degrees inclination) 16 April 1985 Successful
Civilian payload (100 kg)
21 February
07:49:00
Soviet UnionProton-K/DM Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome, pad LC 200P (pad 40) Soviet Union
Soviet UnionEkran 3 GEO unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1970 kg)
22 February
12:10
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1078 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
24 February
08:20
United StatesAtlas F United StatesVandenberg pad SLC 3W United States
United StatesSolwind Low Earth (97.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (1331 kg)
25 February
11:53:49
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionSoyuz 32 Low Earth (Salyut 6) Salyut 6 EO-3 13 June
16:18:26
Successful
Manned flight launching with two cosmonauts, remained in orbit past design life due to Soyuz 33 failure, returned to Earth unmanned
27 February
15:00
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1079 Low Earth (67.1 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6700 kg)
27 February
17:00
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 132/2 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionInterkosmos 19 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1015 kg)

March[edit]

1 March
18:45:00
Soviet UnionVostok-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionMeteor-2-4 Low Earth (81.2 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1300 kg)
12 March
05:47:28
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome pad LC 31 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionProgress 5 Salyut 6 orbit (Low Earth (51.6 degrees inclination)) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (7020 kg)
14 March
10:50
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1080 Low Earth (72.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6700 kg)
15 March
02:58
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1081–1088 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (8x61 kg)
16 March
18:30
United StatesTitan 3D United StatesVandenberg pad SLC 4E United States
United Statesunknown SSO unknown Successful
Military payload (13300 kg to SSO, 60kg to LEO (95.8 degrees))
21 March
04:13
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1089 Low Earth (83.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (810 kg)
31 March
10:45
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1090 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)

April[edit]

7 April
06:20
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1091 Low Earth (82.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (810 kg)
10 April
17:34:34
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 31/6 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionSoyuz 33 Low Earth (Intended: Salyut 6) Taxi flight 12 April
16:35
Spacecraft failure
Manned flight with two cosmonauts, first Bulgarian in space, main engine failed during rendezvous manoeuvres, docking aborted and spacecraft deorbited using backup engines
11 April
21:51
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1092 Low Earth (82.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (810 kg)
12 April
00:28:00
Soviet UnionMolniya-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionMolniya 1-43 Extremely Elliptical Orbit (64.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1600 kg)
14 April
05:27
Soviet UnionVostok-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1093 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) ELINT 23 March 2000 Successful
Military payload (2500 kg)
18 April
12:00
Soviet UnionTsyklon-2(Cyclone-2) Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome pad LC 90 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1094 Low Earth (65.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (3000 kg)
20 April
11:30
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1095 Low Earth (72.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
25 April
03:44:00
Soviet UnionProton-K/DM Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome, pad LC 200P (pad 40) Soviet Union
Soviet UnionRaduga 5 GEO unknown Successful
Military payload (1965 kg)
25 April
10:00
Soviet UnionTsyklon-2(Cyclone-2) Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome pad LC 90 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1096 Low Earth (65.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (4000 kg)
27 April
17:15
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1097 Low Earth (62.7 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6700 kg)

May[edit]

4 May
18:57:00
United StatesAtlas SLV 3D United StatesCape Canaveral pad LC 36A United States
United StatesFltsatcom-2 GTO unknown Successful
Military payload (1884 kg)
13 May
04:17:10
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome pad LC 31 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionProgress 6 Salyut 6 orbit (51.6 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (7020 kg)
15 May
11:40
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1098 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
17 May
07:10
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1099 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
22 May
23:00:00
Soviet UnionProton-K Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome, pad LC 81P (pad 24) Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1100 Kosmos 1101 Low Earth (51.6 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (2x9000 kg)
25 May
07:00
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 41/1 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1102 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
28 May
18:30
United StatesTitan 3B/Agena United StatesVandenberg pad SLC 4W United States
United Statesunknown SSO unknown Successful
Military payload (4000 kg)
31 May
16:30
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1103 Low Earth (62.7 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
31 May
17:58
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1104 Low Earth (82.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (810 kg)

June[edit]

2 June
23:26
United StatesScout D-1 S198C United StatesWallops LA-3A United States
United KingdomAriel 6 unknown unknown Successful
Civilian payload
5 June
23:28
Soviet UnionMolniya-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionMolniya 3-12 Extremely Elliptical Orbit (72.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1750 kg)
6 June
18:12:41
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Site 31/5 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionSoyuz 34 Low Earth (Salyut 6) Crew return 19 August
12:29
Successful
Launched unmanned to replace Soyuz 32 which had passed the end of its design life, landed with two cosmonauts
6 June
18:22:12
United StatesThor DSV-2U United StatesVandenberg SLC-10W United States
United StatesDMSP-5D1 F4 (AMS-4) US Air Force Low Earth Weather In orbit Successful
7 June
10:30
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionKapustin Yar pad LC 107 Soviet Union
IndiaBhaskar 1 Low Earth (50.7 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (441 kg)
8 June
07:10
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 41/1 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1105 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
10 June
13:30:00
United StatesTitan 3C/Transtage United StatesCape Canaveral pad LC 40 United States
United StatesDSP 11 GEO unknown Successful
Military payload (1170 kg)
12 June
07:00
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1106 Low Earth (81.4 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
15 June
10:50
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1107 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
22 June
07:00
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1108 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
27 June
15:51:59
United StatesAtlas F United StatesVandenberg pad SLC 3W United States
United StatesNOAA 6(NOAA A) Low Earth (98.5 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (723 kg)
27 June
18:11:23
Soviet UnionMolniya-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 41/1 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1109 Extremely Elliptical Orbit (62.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (1250 kg)
28 June
09:25:11
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome pad LC 31 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionProgress 7 Salyut 6 orbit(51.6 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1020 kg)
28 June
20:09
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1110 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (875 kg)
29 June
16:00
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1111 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)

July[edit]

5 July
23:19:00
Soviet UnionProton-K/DM Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome, pad LC 200P (pad 40) Soviet Union
Soviet UnionGorizont 2 GEO unknown Successful
Civilian payload (2120 kg)
6 July
08:20
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionKapustin Yar pad LC 107 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1112 Low Earth (50.7 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (1190 kg)
10 July
09:00:00
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1113 Low Earth (65.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
11 July
15:41
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1114 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (900 kg)
13 July
08:25
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1115 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
20 July
11:58
Soviet UnionVostok-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1116 Low Earth (81.2 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (2500 kg)
25 July
15:20
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1117 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
27 July
07:30
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1118 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
27 July
21:28
ChinaFeng Bao 1 ChinaJiquan Satellite Launch Center NLC China
ChinaShi Jian 2 27 July 1979 Failure to reach orbit after 2nd stage malfunction
Civilian payload (770 kg)
31 July
03:56
Soviet UnionMolniya-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionMolniya 1-44 Extremely Elliptical Orbit (64.2 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1600 kg)

August[edit]

3 August
10:45
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1119 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
10 August
00:20
United StatesDelta 2914 United StatesCape Canaveral pad LC 17A United States McDonnell Douglas
United StatesWestar 3(Westar C) GTO unknown Successful
Commercial payload (574 kg)
10 August
02:28
IndiaPSLV 3 IndiaSatish Dhawan Space Centre pad SLV3 India
IndiaRohini RS-1 10 August 1979 Failed to reach orbit due control valve malfunction in 2nd stage
Civilian payload (30 kg)
11 August
09:15:00
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1120 Low Earth (70.4 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
14 August
15:30
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1121 Low Earth (67.2 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6700 kg)
17 August
07:45
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1122 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
21 August
11:10
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 41/1 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1123 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
28 August
00:17:04
Soviet UnionMolniya-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1124 Extremely Elliptical Orbit (68 degrees inclination) unknown Launch successful. Satellite exploded 9 September 1979 into 8 pieces.
Military payload (1250 kg)
28 August
00:55
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1125 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (875 kg)
31 August
11:30
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1126 Low Earth (72.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)

September[edit]

5 September
10:20
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1127 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
14 September
15:30
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1128 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
20 September
05:28
United StatesAtlas SLV 3D United StatesCape Canaveral pad LC 36B United States
United StatesHEAO 3(HEAO C) Low Earth (43.6 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (3150 kg)
25 September
15:30
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 41/1 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1129 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
25 September
21:00
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1130–1137 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (8x61 kg)
28 September
12:20
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1138 Low Earth (72.8 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)

October[edit]

1 October
11:22:00
United StatesTitan 3C/Transtage United StatesCape Canaveral pad LC 40 United States
United Statesunknown unknown unknown Successful
Military payload (820 kg)
3 October
17:12:00
Soviet UnionProton-K/DM Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome, pad LC 200P (pad 40) Soviet Union
Soviet UnionEkran 4 GEO unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1970 kg)
5 October
11:30
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1139 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
11 October
16:36
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1140 Low Earth (74.1 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (875 kg)
12 October
12:30
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos, number not assigned 12 October 1979 Failed to reach orbit
16 October
12:17
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1141 Low Earth (83.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (810 kg)
20 October
07:03
Soviet UnionMolniya-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionMolniya 1-45 Extremely Elliptical Orbit (64.7 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1600 kg)
22 October
12:30
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1142 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
26 October
18:12
Soviet UnionVostok-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1143 Low Earth (81.2 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (2500 kg)
30 October
14:16
United StatesScout G-1 S203C United StatesVandenberg SLC-5
United StatesMagsat Low Earth (96.8 degrees inclination) 11 June 1980 Successful
Civilian payload (181 kg)
31 October
09:25:00
Soviet UnionVostok-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionMeteor 2-5 Low Earth (81.2 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1300 kg)

November[edit]

1 November
08:05
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 132/2 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionInterkosmos 20 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Civilian payload (1100 kg)
2 November
16:00
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1144 Low Earth (67.1 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6700 kg)
21 November
02:09:36
United StatesTitan 3C/Transtage United StatesCape Canaveral pad LC 40 United States
United StatesDSCS 2 13, DSCS 2 14 GEO unknown Successful
Military payload (2x612 kg)
27 November
09:55
Soviet UnionVostok-M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1145 Low Earth (81.2 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (2500 kg)

December[edit]

5 December
09:00
Soviet UnionKosmos-3M Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1146 Low Earth (65.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (1000 kg)
7 December
01:35
United StatesDelta 3914 United StatesCape Canaveral pad LC 17A United States McDonnell Douglas
United StatesSatcom 3(Satcom C) GTO unknown Satellite failed while being on the GTO, has been destroyed
Commercial payload (895 kg)
12 December
12:30
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1147 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)
16 December
12:29:50
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome unknown pad Soviet Union
Soviet UnionSoyuz T-1 Salyut 6 orbit (51.6 degrees inclination) 21:47, 25 March 1980 Successful
Salyut 6 orbit boost mission completed
24 December
17:14:38
EuropeAriane 1 EuropeKourou ELA-1 EuropeESA
EuropeCAT-1 ESA Low Earth Technology 27 November 1989 Successful
Maiden flight of the Ariane 1, and the Ariane family[3]
28 December
11:51:00
Soviet UnionProton-K/DM Soviet UnionBaikonur Cosmodrome, pad LC 200P (pad 40) Soviet Union
Soviet UnionGorizont 3 GEO unknown Successful
Civilian payload (2120 kg)
28 December
13:00
Soviet UnionSoyuz-U Soviet UnionPlesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Soviet Union
Soviet UnionKosmos 1148 Low Earth (67.1 degrees inclination) unknown Successful
Military payload (6000 kg)

Deep Space Rendezvous[edit]

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
5 March Voyager 1 Flyby of Jupiter Closest approach: 280,000 kilometres (170,000 mi)
9 July Voyager 2 Flyby of Jupiter Closest approach: 645,000 kilometres (401,000 mi)
1 September Pioneer 11 Flyby of Saturn Closest approach: 20,900 kilometres (13,000 mi)

EVAs[edit]

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
15 August
14:16
1 hour
23 minutes
15:39 Salyut 6
PE-3
Soviet UnionValery Ryumin
Soviet UnionVladimir Lyakhov
Removed the KRT-10 antenna that had failed to separate from Salyut and had fouled the aft docking port target. After disposing of the antenna, Ryumin collected samples of damaged insulation and a retrieved a micrometeroid detector.[4]

References[edit]

  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).
Generic references:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Cosmos 1070". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  2. ^ "SAGE". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  3. ^ Hughes, J. (1996) Larousse Desk Reference Encloypedia London RD Press
  4. ^ Portree, David S. F. (March 1995). "Mir Hardware Heritage" (PDF). NASA. p. 83. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 February 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2009.