1990 Andalusian regional election

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1990 Andalusian regional election

← 1986 23 June 1990 1994 →

All 109 seats in the Parliament of Andalusia
55 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered5,007,675 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg3.9%
Turnout2,771,330 (55.3%)
Red Arrow Down.svg15.4 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Manuel Chaves 1991 (cropped).jpg Portrait placeholder.svg Portrait placeholder.svg
Leader Manuel Chaves Gabino Puche Luis Carlos Rejón
Party PSOE–A PP IU–CA
Leader since 19 April 1990 8 February 1987 21 July 1988
Leader's seat Cádiz Jaén Córdoba
Last election 60 seats, 47.0% 28 seats, 22.2%[a] 19 seats, 17.8%
Seats won 62 26 11
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 Red Arrow Down.svg2 Red Arrow Down.svg8
Popular vote 1,368,576 611,903 349,659
Percentage 49.6% 22.2% 12.7%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2.6 pp Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0.0 pp Red Arrow Down.svg5.1 pp

  Fourth party
  Portrait placeholder.svg
Leader Pedro Pacheco
Party PA
Leader since June 1986
Leader's seat Cádiz
Last election 2 seats, 5.9%
Seats won 10
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg8
Popular vote 296,613
Percentage 10.8%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg4.9 pp

AndalusiaProvinceMapParliament1990.png
Constituency results map for the Parliament of Andalusia

President before election

José Rodríguez de la Borbolla
PSOE–A

Elected President

Manuel Chaves
PSOE–A

The 1990 Andalusian regional election was held on Saturday, 23 June 1990, to elect the 3rd Parliament of the Autonomous Community of Andalusia. All 109 seats in the Parliament were up for election.

The candidate for the PSOE, Manuel Chaves González, was invested as President of the Regional Government of Andalusia for the first time, after winning the election with an absolute majority of seats. He would remain in the presidency of this autonomous community for the longest period of time than any of his predecessors, not stepping down from office until 2009.

Overview[edit]

Electoral system[edit]

The Parliament of Andalusia was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of Andalusia, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Andalusian Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Regional Government.[1] Voting for the Parliament was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in Andalusia and in full enjoyment of their political rights.

The 109 members of the Parliament of Andalusia were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude.[2] Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of Almería, Cádiz, Córdoba, Granada, Huelva, Jaén, Málaga and Seville. Each constituency was entitled to an initial minimum of eight seats, with the remaining 45 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations on the condition that the number of seats in each province did not exceed two times that of any other.[1][3]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they sought election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[3][4][5]

Election date[edit]

The term of the Parliament of Andalusia expired four years after the date of its previous election. Election day was to take place between the thirtieth and the sixtieth day from the date of expiry of parliament barring any date within from 1 July to 31 August. The previous election was held on 22 June 1986, which meant that the legislature's term would have expired on 22 June 1990. The election was required to take place no later than the sixtieth day from the date of expiry of parliament on the condition that it was not held between 1 July and 31 August, setting the latest possible election date for the Parliament on Saturday, 30 June 1990.[1][3][6][7]

The Parliament of Andalusia could not be dissolved before the date of expiry of parliament. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot, the candidate from the party with the highest number of seats was to be deemed automatically elected.[1][6][7]

Opinion polls[edit]

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font. 55 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of Andalusia.

Results[edit]

Overall[edit]

Summary of the 23 June 1990 Parliament of Andalusia election results
AndalusiaParliamentDiagram1990.svg
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 1,368,576 49.60 +2.56 62 +2
People's Party (PP)1 611,903 22.18 +0.01 26 –2
United Left–Assembly for Andalusia (IU–CA) 349,659 12.67 –5.14 11 –8
Andalusian Party (PA) 296,613 10.75 +4.89 10 +8
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 32,654 1.18 –2.08 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (ARM) 15,637 0.57 New 0 ±0
Workers' Party of Spain–Communist Unity (PTE–UC)2 14,813 0.54 –0.97 0 ±0
Socialist Democracy (DS) 14,499 0.53 New 0 ±0
Greens of Andalusia (VA) 13,979 0.51 New 0 ±0
The Ecologist Greens (LVE) 12,651 0.46 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Andalusian People (PCPA) 6,300 0.23 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (Marxist–Leninist) (PCE (m–l)) 2,401 0.09 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 2,312 0.08 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 1,869 0.07 –0.14 0 ±0
Andalusian Front of Liberation (FAL) 1,633 0.06 New 0 ±0
Alliance for the Republic (AxR) 698 0.03 New 0 ±0
Falangist Movement of Spain (MFE) 560 0.02 ±0.00 0 ±0
Andalusian Centrist Unity (UCA) 230 0.01 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 12,024 0.44 +0.07
Total 2,759,011 109 ±0
Valid votes 2,759,011 99.56 +1.05
Invalid votes 12,319 0.44 –1.05
Votes cast / turnout 2,771,330 55.34 –15.37
Abstentions 2,236,345 44.66 +15.37
Registered voters 5,007,675
Sources[8][9][10]
Popular vote
PSOE–A
49.60%
PP
22.18%
IU–CA
12.67%
PA
10.75%
CDS
1.18%
Others
3.17%
Blank ballots
0.44%
Seats
PSOE–A
56.88%
PP
23.85%
IU–CA
10.09%
PA
9.17%

Distribution by constituency[edit]

Constituency PSOE–A PP IU–CA PA
% S % S % S % S
Almería 50.0 7 28.5 3 9.0 1 6.6
Cádiz 46.6 8 15.5 2 10.0 1 21.6 4
Córdoba 47.3 7 20.7 3 18.8 2 9.3 1
Granada 48.9 7 27.9 4 11.8 1 6.2 1
Huelva 55.8 7 22.2 2 9.3 1 8.2 1
Jaén 51.8 7 27.2 4 11.5 1 5.6
Málaga 49.3 9 22.0 4 14.6 2 8.8 1
Seville 50.4 10 19.5 4 12.5 2 13.6 2
Total 49.6 62 22.2 26 12.7 11 10.7 10
Sources[9][10]

Aftermath[edit]

Investiture
Manuel Chaves (PSOE–A)
Ballot → 24 July 1990
Required majority → 55 out of 109 ☑Y
62 / 109
47 / 109
Abstentions
0 / 109
Absentees
0 / 109
Sources[10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Data for AP–PDP–PL in the 1986 election.

References[edit]

Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ "Los socialistas mantienen su mayoría absoluta". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 17 June 1990.
  2. ^ "El PSOE conserva su mayoría absoluta". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 17 June 1990.
  3. ^ "El PSOE baja en votos, pero mantiene la mayoría absoluta, según un sondeo de Gruppo para ABC". ABC Sevilla (in Spanish). 16 June 1990.
  4. ^ "El PSOE mantiene la mayoría absoluta". El País (in Spanish). 17 June 1990.
  5. ^ "Una encuesta de la Rato otorga mayoría absoluta al PSOE-A". ABC Sevilla (in Spanish). 14 June 1990.
  6. ^ "El clima electoral es estable, a pesar de los escándalos políticos". ABC Sevilla (in Spanish). 7 June 1990.
  7. ^ "El PSOE revalida su mayoría absoluta". El País (in Spanish). 3 June 1990.
  8. ^ "Chaves, futuro presidente". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 4 June 1990.
  9. ^ "Peligra la mayoría absoluta del PSOE en las elecciones autonómicas andaluzas". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 13 May 1990.
  10. ^ a b "El PSOE roza la mayoría absoluta en Andalucía, según encuestas del PCA". El País (in Spanish). 25 April 1990.
  11. ^ "El PSOE rozaría la mayoría absoluta en Andalucía, según una encuesta del CIS". ABC Sevilla (in Spanish). 8 April 1990.
  12. ^ "El PSOE puede perder la mayoría absoluta en Andalucía y PP, IU y PA están al alza". ABC (in Spanish). 24 March 1990.
  13. ^ "El PSOE podría perder la mayoría absoluta en el Parlamento andaluz, según una encuesta del PP". ABC Sevilla (in Spanish). 24 March 1990.
  14. ^ "Una encuesta del PCA refleja que el PSOE perdería la mayoría absoluta". ABC Sevilla (in Spanish). 5 April 1989.
  15. ^ "El PA duda entre Rojas Marcos y Pacheco para la candidatura a la Junta de Andalucía". ABC Sevilla (in Spanish). 15 January 1988.
Other
  1. ^ a b c d "Statute of Autonomy for Andalusia of 1981". Organic Law No. 2 of 30 December 1981. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 September 2017.
  2. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Andalusia Electoral Law of 1986". Law No. 1 of 2 January 1986. Official Gazette of the Junta of Andalusia (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 September 2017.
  4. ^ "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  5. ^ "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  6. ^ a b "Government and Administration of the Autonomous Community Law of 1983". Law No. 6 of 21 July 1983. Official Gazette of the Junta of Andalusia (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Government and Administration of the Autonomous Community Law Reform of 1990". Law No. 1 of 30 January 1990. Official Gazette of the Junta of Andalusia (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  8. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Parliament of Andalusia. June 1990. Andalusia totals". juntadeandalucia.es (in Spanish). Junta of Andalusia. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  9. ^ a b "Parliament of Andalusia election results, 23 June 1990" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Electoral Commission of Andalusia. 14 August 1990. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  10. ^ a b c "Parliament of Andalusia elections since 1982". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 25 September 2017.