1991 Murcian regional election
All 45 seats in the Regional Assembly of Murcia
23 seats needed for a majority
Constituency results map for the Regional Assembly of Murcia
The 1991 Murcian regional election was held on Sunday, 26 May 1991, to elect the 3rd Regional Assembly of the Autonomous Community of the Region of Murcia. All 45 seats in the Regional Assembly were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in twelve other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.
The Regional Assembly of Murcia was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of Murcia, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Murcian Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Region. Voting for the Regional Assembly was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in the Region of Murcia and in full enjoyment of their political rights.
The 45 members of the Regional Assembly of Murcia were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied regionally. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Seats were allocated to constituencies, which were established by law as follows:
- I–Lorca (comprising the municipalities of Lorca, Aguilas, Puerto Lumbreras, Totana, Alhama de Murcia, Librilla, Aledo and Mazarrón).
- II–Cartagena (comprising the municipalities of Cartagena, La Unión, Fuente Alamo de Murcia, Torre-Pacheco, San Javier, San Pedro del Pinatar and Los Alcázares).
- III–Murcia (comprising the municipalities of Murcia, Alcantarilla, Beniel, Molina de Segura, Alguazas, Las Torres de Cotillas, Lorquí, Ceutí, Cieza, Abarán, Blanca, Archena, Ricote, Ulea, Villanueva del Río Segura, Ojós, Fortuna, Abanilla and Santomera).
- IV–Northwest (comprising the municipalities of Caravaca, Cehegín, Calasparra, Moratalla, Bullas, Pliego, Mula, Albudeite and Campos del Río).
- V–Plateau (comprising the municipalities of Yecla and Jumilla).
Each constituency was entitled to an initial minimum of one seat, with the remaining 40 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations.
The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they sought election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.
The term of the Regional Assembly of Murcia expired four years after the date of its previous election. Legal amendments earlier in 1991 established that elections to the Regional Assembly were to be fixed for the fourth Sunday of May every four years. The previous election was held on 10 June 1987, setting the election date for the Regional Assembly on Sunday, 26 May 1991.
The Regional Assembly of Murcia could not be dissolved before the date of expiry of parliament except in the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot. In such a case, the Regional Assembly was to be automatically dissolved and a snap election called, with elected deputies merely serving out what remained of their four-year terms.
The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font. 23 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Regional Assembly of Murcia.
|Polling firm/Commissioner||Fieldwork date||Sample size||Turnout||Lead|
|1991 regional election||26 May 1991||N/A||67.2||45.3
|Sigma Dos/El Mundo[p 1][p 2]||18 May 1991||?||?||46.8
|Metra Seis/El Independiente[p 1][p 2]||12 May 1991||?||?||41.9
|Demoscopia/El País[p 1][p 2][p 3][p 4]||4–7 May 1991||600||?||44.9
|1989 general election||29 Oct 1989||N/A||74.2||46.1||[b]||10.4||9.2||30.0||16.1|
|1989 EP election||15 Jun 1989||N/A||58.7||48.2||[b]||9.3||6.0||26.7||21.5|
|1987 regional election||10 Jun 1987||N/A||73.0||43.7
|Parties and coalitions||Popular vote||Seats|
|Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)||234,421||45.27||+1.56||24||–1|
|People's Party (PP)1||173,491||33.51||+2.01||17||+1|
|United Left (IU)||52,863||10.21||+2.76||4||+3|
|Democratic and Social Centre (CDS)||25,938||5.01||–6.92||0||–3|
|Regional Electoral Coalition (PCAN–PRM)2||15,702||3.03||–0.76||0||±0|
|The Greens (LV)||5,760||1.11||New||0||±0|
|The Greens Ecologist–Humanist List (LVLE–H)3||1,812||0.35||+0.07||0||±0|
|Votes cast / turnout||522,802||67.20||–5.79|
- Opinion poll sources
- "Statute of Autonomy for the Region of Murcia of 1982". Organic Law No. 4 of 9 June 1982. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- "Region of Murcia Electoral Law of 1987". Law No. 2 of 24 February 1987. Official Gazette of the Region of Murcia (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
- "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
- "Regional Assembly of Murcia election, 1991". datoselecciones.com (in Spanish). Election Data. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
- "Regional Assembly of Murcia election results, 26 May 1991" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Electoral Commission of Murcia. 19 October 1991. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
- "Regional Elections. Evolution of Turnout and Votes from the Main Political Parties". econet.carm.es (in Spanish). Regional Statistics Center of Murcia. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
- "Regional Assembly of Murcia elections since 1983". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 30 September 2017.