1992 Catalan regional election

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1992 Catalan regional election

← 1988 15 March 1992 1995 →

All 135 seats in the Parliament of Catalonia
68 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered4,839,071 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg6.0%
Turnout2,655,051 (54.9%)
Red Arrow Down.svg4.5 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Jordi Pujol 1996 (cropped).jpg Raimon Obiols 1989 (cropped).jpg Àngel Colom 2010 (cropped).jpg
Leader Jordi Pujol Raimon Obiols Àngel Colom
Party CiU PSC–PSOE ERC
Leader since 17 November 1974 12 July 1983 19 November 1989
Leader's seat Barcelona Barcelona Barcelona
Last election 69 seats, 45.7% 42 seats, 29.8% 6 seats, 4.1%
Seats won 70 40 11
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 Red Arrow Down.svg2 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg5
Popular vote 1,221,233 728,311 210,366
Percentage 46.2% 27.5% 8.0%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.5 pp Red Arrow Down.svg2.3 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg3.9 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Rafael Ribó 1996 (cropped).jpg Alejo Vidal-Quadras 2008 (cropped).jpg
Leader Rafael Ribó Alejo Vidal-Quadras
Party IC PP
Leader since 23 February 1987 9 January 1991
Leader's seat Barcelona Barcelona
Last election 9 seats, 7.8% 6 seats, 5.3%[a]
Seats won 7 7
Seat change Red Arrow Down.svg2 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1
Popular vote 171,794 157,772
Percentage 6.5% 6.0%
Swing Red Arrow Down.svg1.3 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.7 pp

CataloniaProvinceMapParliament1992.png
Constituency results map for the Parliament of Catalonia

President before election

Jordi Pujol
CDC (CiU)

Elected President

Jordi Pujol
CDC (CiU)

The 1992 Catalan regional election was held on Sunday, 15 March 1992, to elect the 4th Parliament of the Autonomous Community of Catalonia. All 135 seats in the Parliament were up for election.

Overview[edit]

Electoral system[edit]

The Parliament of Catalonia was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of Catalonia, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Catalan Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Government.[1] Voting for the Parliament was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in Catalonia and in full enjoyment of their political rights.

The 135 members of the Parliament of Catalonia were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude.[2] Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of Barcelona, Girona, Lleida and Tarragona. Each constituency was allocated a fixed number of seats: 85 for Barcelona, 17 for Girona, 15 for Lleida and 18 for Tarragona.[1][3]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they sought election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[4][5]

Election date[edit]

The term of the Parliament of Catalonia expired four years after the date of its previous election, unless it was dissolved earlier. The President of the Government was required to call an election fifteen days prior to the date of expiry of parliament, with election day taking place within sixty days after the call. The previous election was held on 29 May 1988, which meant that the legislature's term would have expired on 29 May 1992. The election was required to be called no later than 5 May 1992, with it taking place on the sixtieth day from the call, setting the latest possible election date for the Parliament on Monday, 13 July 1992.[1]

The President of the Government had the prerogative to dissolve the Parliament of Catalonia and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process and that dissolution did not occur before one year had elapsed since a previous one under this procedure. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved and a fresh election called.[3][6]

Parties and leaders[edit]

Below is a list of the main parties and coalitions which contested the election:

Parties and coalitions Ideology Candidate
Convergence and Union (CiU) Centrism, Catalan autonomism Jordi Pujol
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) Social democracy Raimon Obiols
Initiative for Catalonia (IC) Eco-socialism Rafael Ribó
People's Party (PP) Conservatism, Christian democracy Alejo Vidal-Quadras
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) Left-wing nationalism, Catalan independentism Àngel Colom[7]
Party of the Communists of Catalonia (PCC) Communism, Marxism-Leninism Marià Pere
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) Centrism, Liberalism Teresa Sandoval

Opinion polls[edit]

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font. 68 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of Catalonia.

Results[edit]

Overall[edit]

Summary of the 15 March 1992 Parliament of Catalonia election results
CataloniaParliamentDiagram1992.svg
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Convergence and Union (CiU) 1,221,233 46.19 +0.47 70 +1
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 728,311 27.55 –2.23 40 –2
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 210,366 7.96 +3.82 11 +5
Initiative for Catalonia (IC) 171,794 6.50 –1.26 7 –2
People's Party (PP)1 157,772 5.97 +0.66 7 +1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 24,033 0.91 –2.92 0 –3
Party of the Communists of Catalonia (PCC) 22,181 0.84 New 0 ±0
The Greens–Green Union (EV–UV) 14,041 0.53 New 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (ARM) 13,067 0.49 New 0 ±0
Green Alternative–Ecologist Movement of Catalonia (AV–MEC) 10,323 0.39 –0.22 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 10,270 0.39 +0.18 0 ±0
The Ecologists (LVE) 9,879 0.37 +0.05 0 ±0
Ecologist Party of Catalonia–VERDE (PEC–VERDE) 7,786 0.29 +0.07 0 ±0
Free Catalonia (CLL) 5,241 0.20 New 0 ±0
Revolutionary Workers' Party of Spain (PORE) 2,258 0.09 –0.01 0 ±0
Independent Socialists (SI)2 2,080 0.08 +0.04 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 1,752 0.07 –0.01 0 ±0
Lleida Republican Youth (JRLL) 431 0.02 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 31,092 1.18 +0.55
Total 2,643,910 135 ±0
Valid votes 2,643,910 99.58 +0.09
Invalid votes 11,141 0.42 –0.09
Votes cast / turnout 2,655,051 54.87 –4.50
Abstentions 2,184,020 45.13 +4.50
Registered voters 4,839,071
Sources[8][9]
Popular vote
CiU
46.19%
PSC–PSOE
27.55%
ERC
7.96%
IC
6.50%
PP
5.97%
Others
4.67%
Blank ballots
1.18%
Seats
CiU
51.85%
PSC–PSOE
29.63%
ERC
8.15%
IC
5.19%
PP
5.19%

Distribution by constituency[edit]

Constituency CiU PSC ERC IC PP
% S % S % S % S % S
Barcelona 44.6 41 28.9 27 7.2 6 7.4 6 5.9 5
Girona 54.3 11 21.8 4 11.6 2 3.4 4.0
Lleida 53.6 9 21.8 4 9.8 1 2.9 6.9 1
Tarragona 45.8 9 26.5 5 9.2 2 4.7 1 7.7 1
Total 46.2 70 27.5 40 8.0 11 6.5 7 6.0 7
Sources[10][11][12][13][9]

Aftermath[edit]

Investiture
Jordi Pujol (CDC)
Ballot → 9 April 1992
Required majority → 68 out of 135 ☑Y
70 / 135
58 / 135
7 / 135
Absentees
0 / 135
Sources[9]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Data for AP in the 1988 election.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Within PP.

References[edit]

Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Sondejos". Generalitat de Catalunya (in Catalan). Retrieved 5 July 2017.
  2. ^ "Colom explica que doblará diputados y CiU puede tener 78, según su sondeo". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 8 March 1992.
  3. ^ "La campaña no logra modificar la mayoría absoluta de Pujol". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 9 March 1992.
  4. ^ "Pujol mantiene la mayoría absoluta, con una ligera tendencia al alza del voto nacionalista". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 8 March 1992.
  5. ^ "Convergència i Unió incrementa su mayoría absoluta". El País (in Spanish). 8 March 1992.
  6. ^ "Sólo un aumento de la abstención puede arrebatar la mayoría absoluta a Pujol". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 23 February 1992.
  7. ^ "Pujol conservará la mayoría absoluta". El País (in Spanish). 23 February 1992.
  8. ^ "Pujol mantendrá la mayoría absoluta en las elecciones del 15 de marzo". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 16 February 1992.
  9. ^ "Encuestas socialistas "quitan" a Pujol la mayoría absoluta". ABC (in Spanish). 3 January 1992.
Other
  1. ^ a b c "Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 1979". Organic Law No. 4 of 18 December 1979. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  2. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Parliament, President and Executive Council of the Generalitat Law of 1982". Law No. 3 of 25 March 1982. Official Journal of the Generalitat of Catalonia (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  4. ^ "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  5. ^ "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  6. ^ "Parliament, President and Executive Council of the Generalitat Law Reform of 1985". Law No. 8 of 24 May 1985. Official Journal of the Generalitat of Catalonia (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  7. ^ "Independentistas radicales se hacen con el control de Esquerra Republicana". El País. 21 November 1989. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  8. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1992". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  9. ^ a b c "Parliament of Catalonia elections since 1980". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1992. Barcelona". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1992. Girona". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1992. Lleida". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  13. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1992. Tarragona". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.