1994 Dublin-Belfast train bombing

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

1994 Dublin-Belfast train bombing
Part of the Troubles
LocationDublin, Republic of Ireland
Date12 September 1994, 11:34am
Attack type
time bomb
Deaths0
Non-fatal injuries
2
PerpetratorsUlster Volunteer Force

On 12 September 1994 the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) planted a 1.5 kg bomb on the Belfast–Dublin train. It partially exploded as the train neared Dublin Connolly railway station, injuring two people.[1]

The Widow Scallans attack[edit]

Just a few months earlier in May 1994 the UVF tried to bomb a bar in Dublin's Pearse Street called the Widows Scallans where a Sinn Féin (SF) function was taking place to raise money for families of Provisional IRA prisoners. The UVF bombers were confronted by a member of the IRA's Dublin Brigade who the bombers shot and killed. Martin "Doco" Doherty" was 35 when he died and probably saved a lot of lives because of his actions. A second man was also injured by UVF gunfire. The UVF bomb failed to go off and nobody inside was hurt.[2]

Bombing[edit]

The device went off at 11.34 am as the 09:00 am train from Belfast was coming into Connolly Station, Dublin, just around the same time as a UVF spokesman was giving a telephone warning to Iarnród Éireann (Irish Rail). Only the detonator of the bomb managed to explode causing only minor injuries to two women's legs. The Bomb was planted under a seat on the train. A Garda forensic expert said later that the bomb contained 2 kg of commercial explosive and could have caused serious casualties if it had detonated properly.[3]

At the time the train made five stops at different station north of the Irish border between Belfast and Newry so the bombers would not have had to enter the Republic of Ireland to plant the bomb.

At the time the then Irish Justice Minister, Maire Geoghegan-Quinn, said intelligence reports warned of a 'dramatic' increase in the Loyalist "terrorist" threat in the wake of the IRA ceasefire. (Although this turned out be the last attack by Loyalists in Dublin) "It may well be an attempt to get a retaliation. But . . the republican movement have made a decision to go with the democratic process, and it would appear very strongly that nothing is going to deviate them from that." she said.

A UVF statement which came from Belfast said that the bombing was 'a warning to the Dublin government that Northern Ireland is still British and will not be coerced into a united Ireland'.[4]

Aftermath[edit]

This was the last major attack carried out by the UVF during its paramilitary campaign that lasted from 1966 - 1994 and during which they began an on and off bombing campaign in Dublin in 1969,[5] the worst of which was the Dublin and Monaghan bombings of May 1974, in which 34 people were killed and about 300 injured.[6][7] On the 13 October 1994 the Combined Loyalist Military Command (CLMC) issued a statement which announced a ceasefire on behalf of all loyalist paramilitaries, noting that the "permanence of our cease-fire will be completely dependent upon the continued cessation of all nationalist/republican violence".[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]