1994 Dublin-Belfast train bombing
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|1994 Dublin-Belfast train bombing|
|Part of the Troubles|
|Location||Dublin, Republic of Ireland|
|Date||12 September 1994, 11:34am|
|Perpetrators||Ulster Volunteer Force|
On 12 September 1994 the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) planted a 1.5 kg bomb on the Belfast–Dublin train. It partially exploded as the train neared Dublin Connolly railway station, injuring two people.
The Widow Scallans attack
Just a few months earlier in May 1994 the UVF tried to bomb a bar in Dublin's Pearse Street called the Widows Scallans where a Sinn Féin (SF) function was taking place to raise money for families of Provisional IRA prisoners. The UVF bombers were confronted by a member of the IRA's Dublin Brigade who the bombers shot and killed. Martin "Doco" Doherty" was 35 when he died and probably saved a lot of lives because of his actions. A second man was also injured by UVF gunfire. The UVF bomb failed to go off and nobody inside was hurt.
The device went off at 11.34 am as the 09:00 am train from Belfast was coming into Connolly Station, Dublin, just around the same time as a UVF spokesman was giving a telephone warning to Iarnród Éireann (Irish Rail). Only the detonator of the bomb managed to explode causing only minor injuries to two women's legs. The Bomb was planted under a seat on the train. A Garda forensic expert said later that the bomb contained 2 kg of commercial explosive and could have caused serious casualties if it had detonated properly.
At the time the then Irish Justice Minister, Maire Geoghegan-Quinn, said intelligence reports warned of a 'dramatic' increase in the Loyalist "terrorist" threat in the wake of the IRA ceasefire. (Although this turned out be the last attack by Loyalists in Dublin) "It may well be an attempt to get a retaliation. But . . the republican movement have made a decision to go with the democratic process, and it would appear very strongly that nothing is going to deviate them from that." she said.
This was the last major attack carried out by the UVF during its paramilitary campaign that lasted from 1966 - 1994 and during which they began an on and off bombing campaign in Dublin in 1969, the worst of which was the Dublin and Monaghan bombings of May 1974, in which 34 people were killed and about 300 injured. On the 13 October 1994 the Combined Loyalist Military Command (CLMC) issued a statement which announced a ceasefire on behalf of all loyalist paramilitaries, noting that the "permanence of our cease-fire will be completely dependent upon the continued cessation of all nationalist/republican violence".
- Timeline of Ulster Volunteer Force actions
- Dublin bombings
- Dublin-Monaghan bombings
- Dublin Airport bombing
- AP Archive Ireland - Bomb On Train Arriving In Dublin: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/Ireland-Bomb-On-Train-Arriving-In-Dublin/63aea33772a8c90413e256f9acc931a3