1996 Indian general election in Tamil Nadu

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Indian general election in Tamil Nadu, 1996

← 1991 April–May 1996 1998 →

39 seats
  First party Second party
  Kalaignar M. Karunanidhi.jpg J Jayalalithaa.jpg
Leader M. Karunanidhi J. Jayalalithaa
Alliance UF INC+
Seats won 39 0
Seat change Increase39 Decrease39
Popular vote 14,940,474 7,095,650
Percentage 54.96% 26.10%
Swing Increase27.32% Decrease39.16%

1996 tamil nadu lok sabha election map.png
1996 Election map (by constituencies)
Red = United Front (won all the seats)

The 1996 Indian general election polls in Tamil Nadu were held for 39 seats in the state. The result was a landslide for the newly formed alliance between Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), Tamil Maanila Congress (TMC) and its leader G.K. Moopanar, and the left parties who ended up getting all 39 seats. Post election, the newly formed United Front, ended up getting all the seats from Tamil Nadu, since DMK and TMC joined it, with outside support from Indian National Congress (INC). The results in Tamil Nadu is a reflection of the results nationally, where INC, ended up losing the most seats. This election was seen as redemption for Moopanar and TMC, since they left Congress, on grounds that they formed an alliance with ADMK, even though J. Jayalalithaa, leader of ADMK, was accused of many corruption charges. This led to a disastrous showing, for ADMK and Congress in Tamil Nadu, since they lost all 39 seats from the last election, and TMC reaping the benefits by getting the most seats, in this election with 20 seats.

Seat allotments[edit]

Congress Front[edit]

Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. Indian National Congress P.V. Narasimha Rao 29
2. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam J.Jayalalithaa 10

United Front[edit]

Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. Tamil Maanila Congress G.K. Moopanar 20
2. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam M. Karunanidhi 17
3. Communist Party of India Tha. Pandian 2

MDMK-CPI(M) Front[edit]

Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Vaiko 24
2. Janata Dal No flag.svg 8
3. Communist Party of India (Marxist) G.Ramakrishnan 7

PMK-Tiwari Congress Front[edit]

Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. Pattali Makkal Katchi Dr. Ramdoss 15
2. All India Indira Congress (Tiwari) No flag.svg Vazhappady Ramamurthy 12

Voting and results[edit]

Election map of results based on parties. Colours are based on the results table on the left
Election Map (Results reflected as %seats won by districts)
DMK-TMC-CPI alliance won all the seats in Tamil Nadu and the following represent the breakdown:
  DMK won all the seats in this district

  TMC won all the seats in this district

  DMK won 67% of the seats in this district, while TMC got the rest

  DMK won 50% of the seats in this district, while TMC got the rest

  CPI won all of the seats in this district

  TMC won 50% of the seats in this district, while CPI got the rest

Results by alliance[edit]

e • d Summary of the 1996 April-May Lok Sabha election results in the state of Tamil Nadu
Sources: Election Commission of India[1]
Alliance/Party Seats won Change Popular vote Vote % Adj. %
United Front 39 +33 14,940,474 55.0%
TMC(M) 20 +14 7,339,982 27.0% 54.6%
DMK 17 +17 6,967,679 25.6% 56.2%
CPI 2 +2 632,813 2.3% 43.1%
Congress alliance 0 -33 7,095,650 26.1%
INC 0 -22 4,965,364 18.3%
AIADMK 0 -11 2,130,286 7.8% 29.4%
MDMK+ alliance 0 2,131,618 7.8%
MDMK 0 1,222,415 4.5% 7.2%
CPI(M) 0 493,916 1.8%
JD 0 415,287 1.5%
PMK+ alliance 0 1,157,683 4.3%
AIIC(T) 0 605,565 2.2%
PMK 0 552,118 2.0% 5.2%
Others 0 1,863,516 6.9%
BJP 0 795,797 2.9%
JP 0 205,816 0.8%
IND 0 815,224 3.0%
Total 39 27,188,941 100%

Note: TMC(M) is a spliter-group of INC, who carried with them 6 incumbent MPs from previous election
: Vote % reflects the percentage of votes the party received compared to the entire electorate that voted in this election. Adjusted (Adj.) Vote %, reflects the average % of votes the party received per constituency that they contested.

List of Elected MPs[edit]

Constituency Winner Party Margin Runner-upa Partya
1. Chennai North N. V. N. Somu Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 389,617 D. Pandian INC
2. Chennai Central Murasoli Maran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 280,467 G. K. J. Bharathi INC
3. Chennai South T.R. Baalu Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 339,181 H. Ganesham ADMK
4. Sriperumbudur T. Nagaratnam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 245,711 Lata Priyakumar INC
5. Chengalpattu K. Parasuraman Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 235,657 S. M. Krishnan INC
6. Arakkonam A. M. Velu Tamil Maanila Congress 264,845 R. Raviram INC
7. Vellore P. Shanmugam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 211,035 B. Akbar Pasha INC
8. Tiruppattur D. Venugopal Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 240,264 R. Anbarasu INC
9. Vandavasi L. Balaraman Tamil Maanila Congress 173,304 M. Krishnaswamy INC
10. Tindivanam G. Venkatraman Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 190,276 K. Ramamurthy INC
11. Cuddalore P. R. S. Venkatesan Tamil Maanila Congress 205,204 V. Sathyamurthy INC
12. Chidambaram V. Ganesan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 176,266 R. Elumalai PMK
13. Dharmapuri P. Theertharaman Tamil Maanila Congress 131,246 M. P. Subramanyam INC
14. Krishnagiri C. Narasimhan Tamil Maanila Congress 194,676 E. V. K. S. Elangovan INC
15. Rasipuram K. Kandasamy Tamil Maanila Congress 193,178 K. Jayakumar INC
16. Salem R. Devadass Tamil Maanila Congress 120,885 K. V. Thankabalu INC
17. Tiruchengode K. P. Ramalingam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 194,188 A. V. Kumarasamy ADMK
18. Nilgiris S. R. Balasubramaniam Tamil Maanila Congress 281,376 R. Prabhu INC
19. Gobichettipalayam V. P. Shanmugasundaram Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 142,968 P. G. Narayanan ADMK
20. Coimbatore M. Ramanathan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 262,787 C. K. Kuppuswamy INC
21. Pollachi V. Kandasamy Tamil Maanila Congress 138,891 R. Anna Nambi ADMK
22. Palani Salarapatty Kuppusamy Kaarvendhan Tamil Maanila Congress 192,633 P. Kumarasamy ADMK
23. Dindigul N. S. V. Chitthan Tamil Maanila Congress 267,914 Dindigul C. Sreenivasan ADMK
24. Madurai A. G. S. Ram Babuc Tamil Maanila Congress 189,806 Subramanian Swamy JP
25. Periyakulam R. Gnanagurusamy Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 131,337 R. Ramasamy ADMK
26. Karur K. Natrayan Tamil Maanila Congress 168,274 M. Thambi Durai ADMK
27. Tiruchirappalli L. Adaikalarajc Tamil Maanila Congress 264,708 K. Gopal INC
28. Perambalur A. Raja Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 214,247 P. V. Subramanian INC
29. Mayiladuturai P. V. Rajendran Tamil Maanila Congress 153,544 Mani Shankar Iyer INC
30. Nagapattinam M. Selvarasu Communist Party of India 221,346 M. Kannivannan INC
31. Thanjavur S. S. Palanimanickam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 200,428 K. Thulasiah Vandyar INC
32. Pudukkottai N. Siva Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 177,873 V. N. Swaminathan INC
33. Sivaganga P. Chidambaramc Tamil Maanila Congress 247,302 M. Gowrishankaran INC
34. Ramanathapuram S. P. Udayappan Tamil Maanila Congress 195,304 V. Rajeshwaran INC
35. Sivakasi V. Alagirisamy Communist Party of India 23,622 Sanjay Ramasamy ADMK
36. Tirunelveli D. S. A. Sivaprakasam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 118,280 A. R. Rajaselvam ADMK
37. Tenkasi M. Arunachalamc Tamil Maanila Congress 95,926 V. Selvaraj INC
38. Tiruchendur R. Dhanuskodi Athithanc Tamil Maanila Congress 203,711 S. Justin INC
39. Nagercoil N. Dennisc Tamil Maanila Congress 27,697 Pon. Radhakrishnan BJP

c-indicates sitting/incumbent M.P. from previous Lok Sabha (1991–1996)

Post-election Union Council of Ministers from Tamil Nadu[edit]

Source: Thinkquest Library[2]

Cabinet Ministers[edit]

Minister Party Lok Sabha Constituency/Rajya Sabha Portfolios
Murasoli Maran DMK Chennai Central Minister of Commerce and Industry
G. Venkatraman DMK Tindivanam Minister of Surface Transport
M. Arunachalam TMC Tenkasi Minister of Urban Development (few months)
Minister of Labour
P. Chidambaram TMC Sivaganga Minister of Finance

Ministers of State[edit]

Minister Party Lok Sabha Constituency/Rajya Sabha Portfolios
T.R. Baalu DMK Chennai South Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas
R. Dhanuskodi Athithan TMC Tiruchendur Minister of Youth Affairs & Sports
N. V. N. Somu DMK Chennai North Minister of Defence

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "ECI: Statistical Report 1998" (PDF). Retrieved 16 June 2011.
  2. ^ "Indian Union – Council of Ministers". Archived from the original on 8 March 2009. Retrieved 12 December 2009.

External links[edit]