1999 Balearic regional election

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1999 Balearic regional election

← 1995 13 June 1999 2003 →

All 59 seats in the Parliament of the Balearic Islands
30 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered639,398 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg7.5%
Turnout367,683 (57.5%)
Red Arrow Down.svg6.1 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Jaume Matas 2004 (cropped).jpg Francesc Antich (cropped).jpg Portrait placeholder.svg
Leader Jaume Matas Francesc Antich Pilar Costa
Party PP PSIB–PSOE Pacte+COP
Leader since 17 June 1996 9 November 1998 1999
Leader's seat Mallorca Mallorca Ibiza
Last election 30 seats, 44.8% 12 seats, 21.3%[b] 5 seats, 4.1%[a]
Seats won 28 13 7
Seat change Red Arrow Down.svg2 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2
Popular vote 160,545 80,327 17,697
Percentage 44.0% 22.0% 4.9%
Swing Red Arrow Down.svg0.8 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.7 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.8 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Pere Sampol 2002 (cropped).jpg Portrait placeholder.svg Eberhard Grosske 2006 (cropped).jpg
Leader Pere Sampol Maria Antònia Munar Eberhard Grosske
Party PSM–EN UM EUEV
Leader since 1991 1 July 1991 1991
Leader's seat Mallorca Mallorca Mallorca
Last election 6 seats, 12.0%[d] 2 seats, 5.3% 3 seats, 8.6%[c]
Seats won 5 3 3
Seat change Red Arrow Down.svg1 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
Popular vote 42,748 26,682 19,793
Percentage 11.7% 7.3% 5.4%
Swing Red Arrow Down.svg0.3 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2.0 pp Red Arrow Down.svg3.2 pp

BalearicIslandsDistrictMapParliament1999.png
Constituency results map for the Parliament of the Balearic Islands

President before election

Jaume Matas
PP

Elected President

Francesc Antich
PSIB–PSOE

The 1999 Balearic regional election was held on Sunday, 13 June 1999, to elect the 5th Parliament of the Autonomous Community of the Balearic Islands. All 59 seats in the Parliament were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in twelve other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain, as well as the 1999 European Parliament election.

Overview[edit]

Electoral system[edit]

The Parliament of the Balearic Islands was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Balearic Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Government.[1] Voting for the Parliament was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in the Balearic Islands and in full enjoyment of their political rights.

The 59 members of the Parliament of the Balearic Islands were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the islands of Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza and Formentera. Each constituency was allocated a fixed number of seats: 33 for Mallorca, 13 for Menorca, 12 for Ibiza and 1 for Formentera.[2]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they sought election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[2][3][4]

Election date[edit]

The term of the Parliament of the Balearic Islands expired four years after the date of its previous election. Elections to the Parliament were fixed for the fourth Sunday of May every four years. Legal amendments introduced in 1998 allowed for these to be held together with European Parliament elections, provided that they were scheduled for within a four month-timespan. The previous election was held on 28 May 1995, setting the election date for the Parliament concurrently with a European Parliament election on Sunday, 13 June 1999.[1][2][3][4]

The Parliament of the Balearic Islands could not be dissolved before the date of expiry of parliament except in the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a sixty-day period from the first ballot. In such a case, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved and a snap election called, with elected deputies merely serving out what remained of their four-year terms.[1]

Opinion polls[edit]

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font. 30 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of the Balearic Islands.

Results[edit]

Overall[edit]

Summary of the 13 June 1999 Parliament of the Balearic Islands election results
BalearicParliamentDiagram1999.svg
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 160,545 44.01 –0.76 28 –2
Socialist Party of the Balearic Islands (PSIB–PSOE)1 80,327 22.02 +0.77 13 +1
PSM–Nationalist Agreement (PSM–EN) 42,748 11.72 –0.33 5 –1
Socialist Party of MallorcaNationalist Agreement (PSM–EN) 39,509 10.83 –0.15 4 –1
Socialist Party of MenorcaNationalist Agreement (PSM–EN) 3,239 0.89 –0.18 1 ±0
Majorcan Union (UM) 26,682 7.31 +1.99 3 +1
United LeftThe Greens (EU–EV) 19,793 5.43 –3.14 3 ±0
United Left of MallorcaThe Greens of Mallorca (EU–EV)2 17,403 4.77 –3.02 2 ±0
Left of Menorca–United Left (EM–EU)3 2,390 0.66 –0.12 1 ±0
Progressive Pact+Coalition of Progressive Organizations (Pacte+COP) 17,697 4.85 +0.77 7 +2
Progressive Pact (Pacte)4 16,161 4.43 +0.66 6 +1
Coalition of Progressive Organizations (COP)5 1,536 0.42 +0.11 1 +1
Independent Social Group (ASI) 2,368 0.65 +0.27 0 ±0
Balearic People's Coalition–Balearic People's Union (CPB–UPB) 2,219 0.61 New 0 ±0
Independent Popular Council of Formentera (AIPF) 1,183 0.32 ±0.00 0 –1
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 1,106 0.30 –0.18 0 ±0
Pityusic Civic Union (UCP) 954 0.26 New 0 ±0
Alternative Left of the Balearic Islands (EAIB) 675 0.19 New 0 ±0
The Greens–Green Group (LV–GV) 643 0.18 New 0 ±0
Social Democrats for Progress (SDP) 641 0.18 New 0 ±0
Workers for Democracy Coalition (TD)6 473 0.13 +0.04 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,777 1.86 +0.50
Total 364,831 59 ±0
Valid votes 364,831 99.22 –0.15
Invalid votes 2,852 0.78 +0.15
Votes cast / turnout 367,683 57.50 –6.06
Abstentions 271,715 42.50 +6.06
Registered voters 639,398
Sources[5][6][7]
Popular vote
PP
44.01%
PSIB–PSOE
22.02%
PSM–EN
11.72%
UM
7.31%
EUEV
5.43%
Pacte+COP
4.85%
Others
2.81%
Blank ballots
1.86%
Seats
PP
47.46%
PSIB–PSOE
22.03%
Pacte+COP
11.86%
PSM–EN
8.47%
UM
5.08%
EUEV
5.08%

Distribution by constituency[edit]

Constituency PP PSIB PSM–EN UM EUEV Pacte COP
% S % S % S % S % S % S % S
Formentera 55.6 1
Ibiza 47.1 6 46.3 6
Mallorca 44.5 16 23.1 8 13.4 4 9.1 3 5.9 2
Menorca 40.3 6 37.9 5 9.8 1 7.3 1
Total 44.0 28 22.0 13 11.7 5 7.3 3 5.4 3 4.4 6 0.4 1

Aftermath[edit]

Investiture
Francesc Antich (PSIB)
Ballot → 23 July 1999
Required majority → 30 out of 59 ☑Y
31 / 59
28 / 59
Abstentions
0 / 59
Absentees
0 / 59
Sources[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Aggregated data for PSIB–PSOE and EV in Ibiza, IU in Formentera and Ibiza, ENE and ERC in Ibiza in the 1995 election.
  2. ^ Data for PSIB–PSOE in the 1995 election, not including results in Formentera and Ibiza.
  3. ^ Aggregated data for IU and EVIB in the 1995 election, not including results in Formentera and Ibiza.
  4. ^ Aggregated data for PSM–NM and PSM in the 1995 election.
  5. ^ a b c d e Within EUIB.
  6. ^ a b c Within PP.

References[edit]

Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ "El desgaste del tiempo en el poder y el caso Cañellas hacen bajar al PP". ABC (in Spanish). 7 June 1999.
  2. ^ "Peligra la mayoría absoluta de Matas en Baleares". El País (in Spanish). 7 June 1999.
  3. ^ "Preelectoral elecciones autonómicas y municipales, 1999. Islas Baleares (Estudio nº 2328. Mayo 1999)". CIS (in Spanish). 4 June 1999.
  4. ^ "Estudio CIS nº 2328. Ficha técnica" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 4 June 1999.
  5. ^ "Bono e Ibarra repiten y el PSOE recuperará Asturias". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 5 June 1999.
  6. ^ "Baleares: peligra la mayoría del PP". El Mundo (in Spanish). 23 May 1999.
  7. ^ "ELECCIONES 13-J /BALANCE DE LAS ENCUESTAS". El Mundo (in Spanish). 6 June 1999.
Other
  1. ^ a b c "Statute of Autonomy of the Balearic Islands of 1983". Organic Law No. 2 of 25 February 1983. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Balearic Islands Autonomous Community Electoral Law of 1986". Law No. 8 of 26 November 1986. Official Gazette of the Balearic Islands (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  3. ^ a b "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  5. ^ "Parliament of the Balearic Islands elections, 1983-2003" (PDF). web.parlamentib.es (in Catalan). Electoral Commission of the Balearic Islands. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  6. ^ "Parliament of the Balearic Islands election results, 13 June 1999" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Catalan). Electoral Commission of the Balearic Islands. 29 June 1999. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Parliament of the Balearic Islands and Island Council elections since 1979". historiaelectoral.com (in Catalan). Electoral History. Retrieved 28 September 2017.