1999 Balearic regional election
All 59 seats in the Parliament of the Balearic Islands
30 seats needed for a majority
Constituency results map for the Parliament of the Balearic Islands
The 1999 Balearic regional election was held on Sunday, 13 June 1999, to elect the 5th Parliament of the Autonomous Community of the Balearic Islands. All 59 seats in the Parliament were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in twelve other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain, as well as the 1999 European Parliament election.
The Parliament of the Balearic Islands was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Balearic Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Government. Voting for the Parliament was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in the Balearic Islands and in full enjoyment of their political rights.
The 59 members of the Parliament of the Balearic Islands were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the islands of Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza and Formentera. Each constituency was allocated a fixed number of seats: 33 for Mallorca, 13 for Menorca, 12 for Ibiza and 1 for Formentera.
The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they sought election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.
The term of the Parliament of the Balearic Islands expired four years after the date of its previous election. Elections to the Parliament were fixed for the fourth Sunday of May every four years. Legal amendments introduced in 1998 allowed for these to be held together with European Parliament elections, provided that they were scheduled for within a four month-timespan. The previous election was held on 28 May 1995, setting the election date for the Parliament concurrently with a European Parliament election on Sunday, 13 June 1999.
The Parliament of the Balearic Islands could not be dissolved before the date of expiry of parliament except in the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a sixty-day period from the first ballot. In such a case, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved and a snap election called, with elected deputies merely serving out what remained of their four-year terms.
The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font. 30 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of the Balearic Islands.
|Polling firm/Commissioner||Fieldwork date||Sample size||Turnout||PSM||UM||EVIB||AIPF||Pacte||COP||Lead|
|1999 regional election||13 Jun 1999||N/A||57.5||44.0
|Eco Consulting/ABC[p 1]||24 May–2 Jun 1999||?||?||40.8
|Demoscopia/El País[p 2]||26 May–1 Jun 1999||?||60||46.8
|CIS[p 3][p 4][p 5]||3–21 May 1999||799||63.3||46.4
|Sigma Dos/El Mundo[p 6][p 7]||14–19 May 1999||1,200||?||46.8
|1996 general election||3 Mar 1996||N/A||71.6||45.1||36.0||5.7||7.7||1.6||2.2||–||–||–||9.1|
|1995 regional election||28 May 1995||N/A||63.6||44.8
|Parties and coalitions||Popular vote||Seats|
|People's Party (PP)||160,545||44.01||–0.76||28||–2|
|Socialist Party of the Balearic Islands (PSIB–PSOE)1||80,327||22.02||+0.77||13||+1|
|PSM–Nationalist Agreement (PSM–EN)||42,748||11.72||–0.33||5||–1|
|Socialist Party of Menorca–Nationalist Agreement (PSM–EN)||3,239||0.89||–0.18||1||±0|
|Majorcan Union (UM)||26,682||7.31||+1.99||3||+1|
|United Left–The Greens (EU–EV)||19,793||5.43||–3.14||3||±0|
|Left of Menorca–United Left (EM–EU)3||2,390||0.66||–0.12||1||±0|
|Progressive Pact+Coalition of Progressive Organizations (Pacte+COP)||17,697||4.85||+0.77||7||+2|
|Coalition of Progressive Organizations (COP)5||1,536||0.42||+0.11||1||+1|
|Independent Social Group (ASI)||2,368||0.65||+0.27||0||±0|
|Balearic People's Coalition–Balearic People's Union (CPB–UPB)||2,219||0.61||New||0||±0|
|Independent Popular Council of Formentera (AIPF)||1,183||0.32||±0.00||0||–1|
|Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC)||1,106||0.30||–0.18||0||±0|
|Pityusic Civic Union (UCP)||954||0.26||New||0||±0|
|Alternative Left of the Balearic Islands (EAIB)||675||0.19||New||0||±0|
|The Greens–Green Group (LV–GV)||643||0.18||New||0||±0|
|Social Democrats for Progress (SDP)||641||0.18||New||0||±0|
|Workers for Democracy Coalition (TD)6||473||0.13||+0.04||0||±0|
|Votes cast / turnout||367,683||57.50||–6.06|
Distribution by constituency
Francesc Antich (PSIB)
|Ballot →||23 July 1999|
|Required majority →||30 out of 59|
31 / 59
28 / 59
0 / 59
0 / 59
- Aggregated data for PSIB–PSOE and EV in Ibiza, IU in Formentera and Ibiza, ENE and ERC in Ibiza in the 1995 election.
- Data for PSIB–PSOE in the 1995 election, not including results in Formentera and Ibiza.
- Aggregated data for IU and EVIB in the 1995 election, not including results in Formentera and Ibiza.
- Aggregated data for PSM–NM and PSM in the 1995 election.
- Within EUIB.
- Within PP.
- Opinion poll sources
- "El desgaste del tiempo en el poder y el caso Cañellas hacen bajar al PP". ABC (in Spanish). 7 June 1999.
- "Peligra la mayoría absoluta de Matas en Baleares". El País (in Spanish). 7 June 1999.
- "Preelectoral elecciones autonómicas y municipales, 1999. Islas Baleares (Estudio nº 2328. Mayo 1999)". CIS (in Spanish). 4 June 1999.
- "Estudio CIS nº 2328. Ficha técnica" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 4 June 1999.
- "Bono e Ibarra repiten y el PSOE recuperará Asturias". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 5 June 1999.
- "Baleares: peligra la mayoría del PP". El Mundo (in Spanish). 23 May 1999.
- "ELECCIONES 13-J /BALANCE DE LAS ENCUESTAS". El Mundo (in Spanish). 6 June 1999.
- "Statute of Autonomy of the Balearic Islands of 1983". Organic Law No. 2 of 25 February 1983. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 September 2017.
- "Balearic Islands Autonomous Community Electoral Law of 1986". Law No. 8 of 26 November 1986. Official Gazette of the Balearic Islands (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 September 2017.
- "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
- "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
- "Parliament of the Balearic Islands elections, 1983-2003" (PDF). web.parlamentib.es (in Catalan). Electoral Commission of the Balearic Islands. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
- "Parliament of the Balearic Islands election results, 13 June 1999" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Catalan). Electoral Commission of the Balearic Islands. 29 June 1999. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
- "Parliament of the Balearic Islands and Island Council elections since 1979". historiaelectoral.com (in Catalan). Electoral History. Retrieved 28 September 2017.