1 July 2019 Kabul attack

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
1 July 2019 Kabul attack
Part of War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
Kabul is located in Afghanistan
Kabul
Kabul
Kabul (Afghanistan)
LocationKabul, Afghanistan
Date1 July 2019
TargetDefense Ministry building
Attack type
Car bombing
Mass murder
Mass shooting
WeaponsCar bomb
Guns
Deaths40[1] (+5)
Injuries
105+
Perpetrators Taliban

On 1 July 2019, a combined gun and bomb attack took place in the Wazir Akbar Khan neighborhood of Kabul, Afghanistan. The attackers initially detonated a bomb-laden truck, after which five gunmen entered a nearby building under construction and fired on Afghan security personnel evacuating people onto the street. At least forty five were killed,[1] including the five attackers.[2] The spokesman for the Afghan Ministry of Public Health, Wahidullah Mayar, said that 116 civilians, including 26 children and 5 women, were wounded.[1][2][3] The Taliban claimed the responsibility for the bomb attack in Kabul and said although civilians were not the Taliban target, some were injured.[1][2][3]

Background[edit]

The attack occurred during the ongoing Taliban–United States peace talks in Doha, Qatar.[4] In the days before the attack, the militant group carried out multiple deadly attacks on security forces all across the country.[5]

According to The New York Times, the violence in Afghanistan has increased during the 18th year of the United States military presence in Afghanistan.[1]

Attack[edit]

The Taliban attacked Afghanistan's capital housing military and government buildings using a powerful car bomb on 1 July 2019, and a gunfight began soon after.[2][1][6] The attacks killed 40 civilians and injured 116.[6][2][1] The bomb exploded during the morning in Kabul when the streets were filled with people.[6]

The attack happened in two stages. The first was the detonation of a truck or minibus bomb, packed full of explosives, in central Kabul. The explosion happened in the Puli Mahmood Khan area of the Wazir Akbar Khan neighborhood during rush hour. The area houses many government, diplomatic and military buildings and installations.[7] The blast was powerful, shaking buildings up to 2 kilometers (1.2 miles) away,[8] sending a plume of smoke in the air and destroying many cars and buildings. At least 51 students were injured during the blast, which damaged two nearby schools and shattered windows of three others.[9][10][11] The Pashto media organization Shamshad TV said their office was hit by the blast, with one security guard killed and several journalists wounded.[12] The TV station aired images of broken glass and the damage to its office in the aftermath of the bombing.[13] The New York Times reported that 40 people were killed in the car bombing, 34 civilians and 6 security forces.[1]

After the explosion, five attackers entered a nearby building under construction and opened fire on security personnel in the street, sparking a gunfight.[14] The shootout lasted for over 7 hours, until all 5 attackers were killed by responders.[2] The spokesman for the Ministry of Interior Affairs, Nasrat Rahimi, said after the explosion, attackers entered the Ministry of Defense building, and two car bombs exploded separately near the museum site and the television site.[1] The attackers had been surrounded by the ministry security forces and one of them was killed.[15] He finally added that a child, a security guard of Shamshad TV and 2 soldiers of the Special Forces were killed during the attacks incident and more than 210 people had been rescued during the operation.[6][2][1][15]

An office belonging to the Afghan Football Federation was damaged during the incident, and its chief, Yosuf Kargar, and several players injured.[7]

The Afghanistan Ministry of Education spokesman, Nooria Nazhat, announced that 51 students from two schools near the blast site were hurt by flying shards of glass, and the explosion resulted in part of the school collapsing.[1][2]

Responsibility[edit]

The Taliban militant group has claimed responsibility for the attack, saying that it attacked "the defence ministry’s technical installation".[16]

Zabihullah Mujahid, one of two official spokesmen for the Taliban, mentioned on a Twitter account that a logistics and engineering unit of the Ministry of Defense was the intended target.[1][2] He added, people were not the target of attacks, but some of them have been wounded.[1]

Aftermath[edit]

Many of the people wounded in the attack were taken into local hospitals, including many schoolchildren. Social media images reportedly showed some of the children in the hospital still holding books and wearing school uniforms.[17] After the attack, many local residents and lawmakers criticized security and intelligence agencies, demanding to know how a truck full of explosives and five attackers managed to enter the area, which contains many secure buildings and compounds, among them the United States embassy and the Kabul Presidential Palace.[18]

Reactions[edit]

Domestic[edit]

The Afghan government itself also condemned the attacks, with Afghan President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani saying that "the Taliban, by conducting terrorist attacks, has demonstrated its vicious designs in killing Afghans and the continuation of war in Afghanistan".[19]

International[edit]

  •  Pakistan – Shah Mahmood Qureshi reacted to a coordinated deadly attack by Taliban group in Kabul city, calling it an act of terrorism. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Pakistan in a statement said “Pakistan strongly condemns the terrorist attack in Kabul this morning that has reportedly resulted in several casualties. Pakistan condemns terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.”[15]
  •  Qatar – Qatar's Ministry of Foreign Affairs in a statement condemned Taliban's attack in Kabul and reiterated the Qatari government's "firm stance" in rejecting "violence and terrorism, regardless of their motives and reasons".[20]
  •  United States  – The U.S. condemned a deadly car bombing Monday in Afghanistan's capital. The U.S. "condemns in the strongest terms today’s heinous terrorist attack, claimed by the Taliban, in which Afghan civilians and security personnel were killed and severely wounded," the White House said in a statement. "This brazen attack demonstrates the Taliban’s callous disregard for their fellow Afghans, who have repeatedly voiced the urgency of finding a peaceful resolution to the conflict,", they added.[21][22]
  •  United Nations  – The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan tweeted "UN is appalled by Taliban-claimed attack in civilian-populated area of #Kabul. Initial findings indicate scores of civilian casualties. UN is deeply saddened by credible reports of many injured children at nearby schools & demands end to indiscriminate blasts in civilian areas in [Afghanistan]."

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Bombing Kills Dozens in Kabul as Taliban Talks Continue". New York Times. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Gun battle ends in Afghan capital after Taliban blast wounds 105". Reuters. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  3. ^ a b c "Iran's SNSC Condemns Terror Attack in Kabul". tasnimnews.com. tasnimnews. 2 July 2019. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  4. ^ "Doha Talks Continue Amid Taliban's Attack In Kabul". TOLONews. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  5. ^ "Taliban launches string of attacks throughout Afghanistan". The Long War Journal. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  6. ^ a b c d "Taliban attack in Kabul kills 16, wounds dozens of children". aljazeera.com. Aljazeera. 1 July 2019. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Kabul bomb: 34 dead after Taliban attack hits military compound". TheNational. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  8. ^ "One Killed, More Than 100 Hurt As Powerful Blast Rocks Kabul". RadioFreeLiberty. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  9. ^ "51 Students Injured in Taliban's Kabul Attack: MoE". Ariana News. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  10. ^ "At least 50 children wounded in Taliban attack on Kabul". Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  11. ^ "Taliban launch gun and bomb attack in Kabul". BBC. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  12. ^ "Gun battle ends in Afghan capital after Taliban blast wounds 105". Reuters. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  13. ^ "Powerful blast in Afghan capital causes dozens of casualties". TRT World. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  14. ^ "Gun battle rages in Afghan capital after Taliban blast injures 100". Reuters. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  15. ^ a b c "Pakistan reacts to 'Terrorist Attack' carried out by Taliban in Kabul city". Khaama Press. 1 July 2019. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  16. ^ "Taliban militants claim responsibility for blast in Afghan capital". Reuters. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  17. ^ "At least 50 children wounded in Taliban car bomb attack on Kabul". SBS News. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  18. ^ "Security Agencies Under Harsh Criticism Following Kabul Attack". TOLONews. Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  19. ^ "Afghan government condemns Taliban deadly attack in Kabul amid peace talks in Doha". Xinhua. Xinhua. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  20. ^ "Qatar's Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ministry in a statement condemned Taliban's attack in Kabul and reiterated the Qatari government's "firm stance" in rejecting "violence and terrorism, regardless of their motives and reasons". Doha, Doha". Afghanistan news map – security alerts from Afghanistan – afghanistan.liveuamap.com. Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  21. ^ Gunerigok, Servet. "US strongly condemns car bombing in Afghanistan". Anadolu Agency. Anadolu Agency. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  22. ^ "Statement from the Press Secretary Regarding Attack in Kabul". The White House. Retrieved 2019-07-02.