2000 United States Senate election in New Jersey

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United States Senate election in New Jersey, 2000

← 1994 November 7, 2000 2006 →
  SenatorJonCorzine (cropped).jpg Bob Franks.jpg
Nominee Jon Corzine Bob Franks
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 1,511,237 1,420,267
Percentage 50.1% 47.1%

New Jersey Senate results 2000 by county.svg
County results
Corzine:      40-50%      50–60%      60–70%      70–80%
Franks:      40-50%      50–60%      60–70%

U.S. Senator before election

Frank Lautenberg
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Jon Corzine
Democratic

The 2000 United States Senate election in New Jersey was held on November 7, 2000. Incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Frank Lautenberg decided to retire, rather than seeking a fourth term. The Democratic nominee, former CEO of Goldman Sachs Jon Corzine, defeated the Republican nominee, U.S. Representative Bob Franks, in a close election.

Democratic primary[edit]

Candidates[edit]

Polling[edit]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin of
error
James
Florio
Jon
Corzine
Undecided
Quinnipiac February 16–21, 2000 374 RV ± 5.1% 57% 22% 21%
Quinnipiac March 21–27, 2000 400 RV ± 4.9% 50% 26% 24%
Quinnipiac May 1–8, 2000 347 RV ± 5.3% 33% 48% 19%
Quinnipiac May 17–23, 2000 371 LV ± 5.1% 30% 56% 14%

Campaign[edit]

Senator Frank R. Lautenberg first elected to the Senate in 1982 in an upset victory over Rep. Millicent Fenwick (R-Bergen), had always been an underdog in all three bids for Senate, He beat Pete Dawkins in 1988 by a 54%-46% margin and held back a challenge from Chuck Haytaian by a smaller margin of 50%-47% However, Popular Governor Christine Todd Whitman was expected to challenge Lautenberg and opinion polls showed Lautenberg losing by a large margin, He retired but later regretted his decision because Gov. Whitman and Former Governor Tom Kean both declined to run for the Senate. Lautenberg would be elected to the state's other Senate Seat in 2002. Corzine spent $35 million of his fortunes into this primary election alone.[1][2] when running against Jim Florio, who served as the 49th Governor of New Jersey from 1990 to 1994. Governor Florio was unpopular during his tenure in office, most notably he signed a $2.8 Billion tax increase in 1990, It costed his party control of state government for a decade and cost the Governor his re-election bid in 1993, Corzine running as an outsider, Mr. Corzine was endorsed by State Senator Raymond Zane (D-Gloucester), State Senator Wayne Bryant (D-Camden), State Senator John Adler (D-Camden), U.S Representative Bob Menendez (D-Hudson) and U.S Senator Bob Torricelli (D-NJ) Florio was endorsed by the State Party, Assemblyman Joe Doria (D-Hudson) and Senator John Lynch (D-Middlesex) Corzine defeated Florio in the primary and then defeated Bob Franks in the general election.

Results[edit]

2000 New Jersey U.S. Senate Democratic primary election[3]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jon Corzine 251,216 58.0
Democratic James Florio 182,212 42.0

Republican primary[edit]

Candidates[edit]

Polling[edit]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin of
error
Steve
Forbes
Murray
Sabrin
Bob
Franks
James
Treffinger
William
Gormley
Brian
Kennedy
Undecided
Quinnipiac February 16–21, 2000 307 RV ± 5.6% 33% 4% 8% 5% 10% - 40%
Quinnipiac March 21–27, 2000 348 RV ± 5.3% - 5% 14% 7% 9% 6% 59%
Quinnipiac May 1–8, 2000 311 RV ± 5.6% - 5% 18% 8% 14% - 55%

Results[edit]

2000 New Jersey U.S. Senate Republican primary election[3]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bob Franks 98,370 35.7
Republican William Gormley 94,010 34.1
Republican James W. Treffinger 48,674 17.7
Republican Murray Sabrin 34,629 12.6

General election[edit]

Candidates[edit]

Major[edit]

Minor[edit]

  • Bruce Afran (Green)
  • Dennis A. Breen (Independent)
  • J.M. Carter (Trust In God)
  • Pat DiNizio (Reform)
  • Emerson Ellett (Libertarian)
  • George Gostigian (God Bless NJ)
  • Lorraine LaNeve (Conservative)
  • Gregory Pason (Socialist)
  • Nancy Rosenstock (Socialist Workers)

Campaign[edit]

Franks, a moderate Republican,[5] attacked Corzine for "trying to buy the election and of advocating big-government spending programs that the nation can ill afford." Corzine accused Franks of wanting to "dismantle" the Social Security system because he supported Governor George W. Bush's partial privatization plan.[6]

During the campaign, Corzine refused to release his income tax return records. He claimed an interest in doing so, but he cited a confidentiality agreement with Goldman Sachs. Skeptics argued that he should have followed the example of his predecessor Robert Rubin, who converted his equity stake into debt upon leaving Goldman.[7]

Corzine campaigned for state government programs including universal health care, universal gun registration, mandatory public preschool, and more taxpayer funding for college education.[8][9] He pushed affirmative action and same-sex marriage.[10] David Brooks considered Corzine so liberal that although his predecessor was also a Democrat, his election helped shift the Senate to the left.[11]

During Corzine's campaign for the United States Senate, he made some controversial off-color statements. When introduced to a man with an Italian name who said he was in the construction business, Corzine quipped: "Oh, you make cement shoes!" according to Emanuel Alfano, chairman of the Italian-American One Voice Committee. Alfano also reported that when introduced to a lawyer named David Stein, Corzine said: "He's not Italian, is he? Oh, I guess he's your Jewish lawyer who is here to get the rest of you out of jail."[12] Corzine denied mentioning religion, but did not deny the quip about Italians, claiming that some of his own ancestors were probably Italian,[13] or maybe French.[14]

Some alleged that Corzine had exchanged endorsements from black ministers for donations, after a foundation controlled by him and his wife donated $25,000 to an influential black church.[15] Rev. Reginald T. Jackson, the director of the Black Ministers Council, and a notable advocate against racial profiling against minority drivers in traffic stops, was criticized for endorsing Corzine after receiving a large donation from the then candidate.[16]

Franks generally trailed Corzine in the polls until the very last week, when he pulled even in a few polls. Corzine spent $63 million, while Franks spent only $6 million.[17] Despite being heavily outspent, Franks lost by only three percentage points, doing better that year than Republican Governor George W. Bush in the presidential election, who obtained just 40% of the vote in the state.[18]

Debates[edit]

Polling[edit]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin of
error
Jon
Corzine (D)
Bob
Franks (R)
Undecided
Quinnipiac June 20–26, 2000 1,004 RV ± 3.1% 46% 26% 28%
Quinnipiac July 19–24, 2000 910 RV ± 3.3% 50% 30% 20%
Quinnipiac August 18–22, 2000 802 RV ± 3.5% 43% 35% 22%
Quinnipiac September 26 – October 1, 2000 820 LV ± 3.4% 48% 34% 18%
The New York Times October 12–15, 2000 LV ± 3% 45% 33% 22%
Quinnipiac October 18–23, 2000 909 LV ± 3.3% 46% 41% 13%
Quinnipiac October 24–30, 2000 793 LV ± 3.5% 47% 39% 14%
Quinnipiac November 1–5, 2000 770 LV ± 3.4% 43% 45% 12%

Results[edit]

General election results[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jon Corzine 1,511,237 50.11% -.18%
Republican Bob Franks 1,420,267 47.10% +.08%
Green Bruce Afran 32,841 1.09% N/A
Reform Pat DiNizio 19,312 0.64% N/A
Libertarian Emerson Ellett 7,241 0.24% +.44%
Independent Dennis A. Breen 6,061 0.20% N/A
Trust in God J.M. Carter 5,657 0.19% N/A
Conservative Lorraine LaNeve 3,836 0.13% N/A
Socialist Gregory Pason 3,365 0.11% -.35%
Socialist Workers Nancy Rosenstock 3,309 0.11% -.07%
God Bless Jersey George Gostigian 2,536 0.08% N/A
Majority 90,970 3.01% -.26%
Total votes 3,015,662 100.0% N/A
Democratic hold

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Halbfinger, David M. (October 13, 2000). "Franks Accuses Corzine of Trying To Buy His Way Into Senate Seat". The New York Times.
  2. ^ "Franks and Corzine Debate Race, Education and Disclosure". The New York Times. October 13, 2000.
  3. ^ a b http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=18313
  4. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/CandidateDetail.html?CandidateID=13740
  5. ^ http://diplomatdc.wordpress.com/2010/04/11/former-rep-bob-franks-dies-at-58-lost-u-s-senate-race-but-ideas-triumphed-by-gregory-hilton/
  6. ^ "Franks Accuses Corzine of Trying To Buy His Way Into Senate Seat". The New York Times. October 13, 2000.
  7. ^ "The High Price Of Chutzpah: Cheney And Corzine May Be Pushing The Ethical Envelope On Conflict-Of-Interest Rules. That's More Than Daring—It's -Just Plain Galling". Newsweek. Newsweek, Inc. August 28, 2000. Retrieved July 19, 2008.
  8. ^ Derer, Mike (June 7, 2000). "Who Wants to Vote for a Multimillionaire?". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved July 17, 2008.
  9. ^ Morse, Jodie; Nadya Labi; Michel Orecklin (November 20, 2000). "New Faces In The Senate". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved July 18, 2008.
  10. ^ Hosenball, Mark (June 12, 2000). "The New Jersey Purchase: Jon Corzine's $36 Million Campaign For The Senate". Newsweek. Newsweek, Inc. Retrieved July 19, 2008.
  11. ^ Brooks, David (December 25, 2000). "Surviving The Coming Clash: With The Left Feeling Frisky, Conservatives Need To Watch Their Step If They Want To Have Their Way. It's Time To Be Patient". Newsweek. Newsweek, Inc. Retrieved July 20, 2008.
  12. ^ Halbfinger, David M. (March 30, 2000). "Corzine Assailed for Joke About Italian-Americans". New York Times. Retrieved July 29, 2008.
  13. ^ Adubato, Steve. "Good Faith Politics". The Star-Ledger. Archived from the original on October 16, 2008. Retrieved July 20, 2008.
  14. ^ Peterson, Iver (April 9, 2000). "Around Jon Corzine's Roots, a Casual Indifference to Ethnicity". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved July 20, 2008.
  15. ^ Ingle pp. 62–63.
  16. ^ Jacob, Andrew (September 20, 2000). "Black Minister Criticized for Taking Corzine's Money". New York Times. The New York Times Company. Archived from the original on July 16, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2008.
  17. ^ Cardwell, Diane (April 10, 2010). "Robert Franks, Former New Jersey Congressman, Dies". The New York Times.
  18. ^ Newman, Maria (November 10, 2000). "After His Defeat, Franks Looks to the Future". The New York Times.
  19. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/2000/2000Stat.htm