2006 Catalan regional election

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2006 Catalan regional election

← 2003 1 November 2006 2010 →

All 135 seats in the Parliament of Catalonia
68 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered5,321,274 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.3%
Turnout2,982,108 (56.0%)
Red Arrow Down.svg6.5 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Artur Mas 2006 (cropped).jpg José Montilla 2008 (cropped).jpg Josep-Lluís Carod-Rovira - 001 cropped.jpg
Leader Artur Mas José Montilla Josep-Lluís Carod-Rovira
Party CiU PSCCpC ERC
Leader since 7 January 2002 15 July 2006 25 November 1996
Leader's seat Barcelona Barcelona Barcelona
Last election 46 seats, 30.9% 42 seats, 31.2% 23 seats, 16.4%
Seats won 48 37 21
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 Red Arrow Down.svg5 Red Arrow Down.svg2
Popular vote 935,756 796,173 416,355
Percentage 31.5% 26.8% 14.0%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.6 pp Red Arrow Down.svg4.4 pp Red Arrow Down.svg2.4 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Josep Piqué 2008 (cropped).jpg Joan Saura 2005 (cropped).jpg Albert Rivera 2012 (cropped).jpg
Leader Josep Piqué Joan Saura Albert Rivera
Party PP ICV–EUiA C's
Leader since 4 September 2003 26 November 2000 9 July 2006
Leader's seat Barcelona Barcelona Barcelona
Last election 15 seats, 11.9% 9 seats, 7.3% Did not contest
Seats won 14 12 3
Seat change Red Arrow Down.svg1 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg3 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg3
Popular vote 316,222 282,693 89,840
Percentage 10.7% 9.5% 3.0%
Swing Red Arrow Down.svg1.2 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2.2 pp New party

CataloniaProvinceMapParliament2006.png
Constituency results map for the Parliament of Catalonia

President before election

Pasqual Maragall
PSC

Elected President

José Montilla
PSC

The 2006 Catalan regional election was held on Wednesday, 1 November 2006, to elect the 8th Parliament of the Autonomous Community of Catalonia. All 135 seats in the Parliament were up for election.

This was a snap election, called roughly one year before the scheduled end of the legislature as a result of the uneasy and controversial drafting of the 2006 Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia, which further expanded the authority of the Catalan Government. The statutory amendment had been ratified in a referendum on 18 June 2006 after being approved in the Cortes Generales, with roughly 74% of voters in favour of the new Statute and 21% against. The referendum was noted for its low turnout, as only 48.9% of all registered voters had casted a vote.[1][1][2]

Since the 2003 elections a left-of-centre coalition of the Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC), Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) and Initiative for Catalonia GreensUnited and Alternative Left (ICV–EUiA) had been in power, with Pasqual Maragall as regional President. In May 2006, ERC had left the coalition after internal tensions due to its disagreement on the final draft of the Statute of Autonomy approved by the Spanish parliament, thus leaving Maragall without a majority and precipitating the early election call. On 21 June 2006 Maragall announced his will not to seek re-election, arguably due to the political erosion his government had suffered after their uneasy relationship with ERC, as well as his political differences with Spanish Prime Minister and PSOE Secretary-General José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero.[3]

Unlike the previous elections in 1999 and 2003, when Convergence and Union (CiU) had achieved a plurality of seats in the autonomous Parliament despite narrowly losing it out in the popular vote to the PSC, in the 2006 election CiU emerged as the most popular party both in votes and seats, but fell far short of an absolute majority. After coalition negotiations, the PSC, ERC and ICV–EUiA agreed to renew the three-party coalition that had been in power in the 2003–2006 period, this time under the leadership of the new PSC leader, José Montilla. The election also saw a new party, Citizens (C's) entering the autonomous parliament, resulting in six political parties achieving parliamentary representation in the Catalan parliament for the first time since 1988.

Overview[edit]

Electoral system[edit]

The Parliament of Catalonia was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of Catalonia, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Catalan Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Government.[4][5] Voting for the Parliament was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in Catalonia and in full enjoyment of their political rights.

The 135 members of the Parliament of Catalonia were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude.[6] Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of Barcelona, Girona, Lleida and Tarragona. Each constituency was allocated a fixed number of seats: 85 for Barcelona, 17 for Girona, 15 for Lleida and 18 for Tarragona.[4][5][7]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they sought election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[8][9]

Election date[edit]

The term of the Parliament of Catalonia expired four years after the date of its previous election, unless it was dissolved earlier. The President of the Government was required to call an election fifteen days prior to the date of expiry of parliament, with election day taking place within from forty to sixty days after the call. The previous election was held on 16 November 2003, which meant that the legislature's term would have expired on 16 November 2007. The election was required to be called no later than 1 November 2007, with it taking place up to the sixtieth day from the call, setting the latest possible election date for the Parliament on Monday, 31 December 2007.[4][5]

The President of the Government had the prerogative to dissolve the Parliament of Catalonia and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process and that dissolution did not occur before one year had elapsed since a previous one under this procedure. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved and a fresh election called.[4][5]

Parties and leaders[edit]

Below is a list of the main parties and coalitions which contested the election:

Parties and coalitions Ideology Candidate
Convergence and Union (CiU) Centrism, Catalan autonomism Artur Mas
Socialists' Party of CataloniaCitizens for Change (PSC–CpC) Social democracy José Montilla[10]
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) Left-wing nationalism, Catalan independentism Josep-Lluís Carod-Rovira
People's Party (PP) Conservatism, Christian democracy Josep Piqué
Initiative for Catalonia Greens–United and Alternative Left (ICV–EUiA) Eco-socialism, Communism Joan Saura
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) Liberalism Albert Rivera

Opinion polls[edit]

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font. 68 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of Catalonia.

Color key:

  Exit poll

Results[edit]

Overall[edit]

Summary of the 1 November 2006 Parliament of Catalonia election results
CataloniaParliamentDiagram2006.svg
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Convergence and Union (CiU) 935,756 31.52 +0.58 48 +2
Socialists' Party of CataloniaCitizens for Change (PSC–CpC) 796,173 26.82 –4.34 37 –5
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 416,355 14.03 –2.41 21 –2
People's Party (PP) 316,222 10.65 –1.24 14 –1
Initiative for Catalonia Greens–United and Alternative Left (ICV–EUiA) 282,693 9.52 +2.24 12 +3
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 89,840 3.03 New 3 +3
The Greens–Ecologists and Greens of Catalonia (EV–EVC) 17,900 0.60 +0.04 0 ±0
Anti-Bullfighting Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 13,730 0.46 New 0 ±0
Unsubmissive Seats–Alternative of Discontented Democrats (Ei–ADD) 6,922 0.23 +0.16 0 ±0
Catalan Republican Party (RC) 6,024 0.20 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI) 5,632 0.19 +0.06 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Catalan People (PCPC) 4,798 0.16 +0.08 0 ±0
The Greens–Green Alternative (EV–AV) 3,228 0.11 +0.05 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFiV) 2,776 0.09 New 0 ±0
Forward Catalonia Platform (AESDN) 2,735 0.09 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party of Catalonia (PHC) 2,608 0.09 +0.04 0 ±0
Republican Social Movement (MSR) 1,096 0.04 +0.02 0 ±0
Carmel/Blue Party (PAzul) 1,039 0.04 New 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 945 0.03 New 0 ±0
Catalonia Decides (Decideix.cat) 668 0.02 New 0 ±0
Citizens for Blank Votes (CenB) 626 0.02 +0.01 0 ±0
Republican Left–Left Republican Party (IR–PRE) 524 0.02 –0.03 0 ±0
Blank ballots 60,244 2.03 +1.12
Total 2,968,534 135 ±0
Valid votes 2,968,534 99.54 –0.20
Invalid votes 13,574 0.46 +0.20
Votes cast / turnout 2,982,108 56.04 –6.50
Abstentions 2,339,166 43.96 +6.50
Registered voters 5,321,274
Sources[11][12][13]
Popular vote
CiU
31.52%
PSCCpC
26.82%
ERC
14.03%
PP
10.65%
ICV–EUiA
9.52%
C's
3.03%
Others
2.40%
Blank ballots
2.03%
Seats
CiU
35.56%
PSCCpC
27.41%
ERC
15.56%
PP
10.37%
ICV–EUiA
8.89%
C's
2.22%

Distribution by constituency[edit]

Constituency CiU PSCCpC ERC PP ICV–EUiA C's
% S % S % S % S % S % S
Barcelona 29.9 27 27.9 25 12.6 11 11.2 10 10.4 9 3.5 3
Girona 38.2 7 22.1 4 19.2 4 7.2 1 7.6 1 0.9
Lleida 40.0 7 22.0 3 17.7 3 9.1 1 6.6 1 1.0
Tarragona 32.4 7 26.0 5 17.6 3 11.0 2 6.5 1 2.4
Total 31.5 48 26.8 37 14.0 21 10.7 14 9.5 12 3.0 3
Sources[12][13]

Aftermath[edit]

Investiture
José Montilla (PSC)
Ballot → 24 November 2006
Required majority → 68 out of 135 ☑Y
70 / 135
65 / 135
Abstentions
0 / 135
Absentees
0 / 135
Sources[13]

References[edit]

Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ "Elecciones catalanas". Escolar.net (in Spanish). 1 November 2006.
  2. ^ "Los sondeos: Acertaron pero se quedaron cortos con Ciutadans". Libertad Digital (in Spanish). 1 November 2006.
  3. ^ "Cataluña protesta y el tripartito aguanta". Periodistas 21 (in Spanish). 1 November 2006. Archived from the original on 15 September 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  4. ^ "Porra Eleccions al Parlament de Catalunya 2006". VilaWeb (in Catalan). 6 September 2006.
  5. ^ "CiU y PSC empatan en voto decidido, aunque Mas toma ventaja en número de escaños". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 26 October 2006.
  6. ^ "Pulsómetro de la Cadena SER. Instituto Opina 26/10/2006" (PDF). Cadena SER (in Spanish). 26 October 2006.
  7. ^ "CiU mantiene una ventaja de casi seis puntos y hasta 14 escaños sobre el PSC". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 26 October 2006.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Sondejos". Generalitat de Catalunya (in Catalan). Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  9. ^ "CiU saca una mínima ventaja al PSC". El País (in Spanish). 22 October 2006.
  10. ^ "CiU y PSC se acercan al empate gracias a la recuperación de los pequeños". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 24 October 2006.
  11. ^ "RACÒMETRE (23 d'Octubre 06)" (PDF). RAC 1 (in Catalan). 23 October 2006.
  12. ^ "El 1-N dejará el Gobierno de la Generalitat pendiente de nuevos pactos postelectorales". La Razón (in Spanish). 22 October 2006.
  13. ^ "Montilla y Mas comienzan empatados la campaña para las elecciones en Cataluña". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 16 October 2006.
  14. ^ "Empate de CiU y PSC en número de diputados, según el 'Pulsómetro'". El País (in Spanish). 17 October 2006.
  15. ^ "Estimació de vot en les properes eleccions al Parlament de Catalunya". Actual (in Catalan). 19 October 2006.
  16. ^ "Preelectoral de Cataluña. Elecciones autonómicas, 2006 (Estudio nº 2656. Octubre 2006)". CIS (in Spanish). 25 October 2006.
  17. ^ "Estudio CIS nº 2656. Ficha técnica" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 25 October 2006.
  18. ^ "El CIS confirma la tendencia al alza de CiU y la pérdida de escaños de PSC y ERC". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 26 October 2006.
  19. ^ "RACÒMETRE (16 d'Octubre 06)" (PDF). RAC 1 (in Catalan). 16 October 2006.
  20. ^ "CiU ganaría las elecciones pero el tripartito catalán podría reeditarse". Terra (in Spanish). 10 October 2006.
  21. ^ "Esquerra Republicana vuelve a tener la llave del futuro gobierno en Cataluña". El Mundo (in Spanish). 15 October 2006.
  22. ^ "Las elecciones en Cataluña". El Mundo (in Spanish). 15 October 2006. Archived from the original on 15 September 2017. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  23. ^ "CiU se distancia del PSC y amplía su ventaja hasta seis puntos y 16 escaños". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 15 October 2006.
  24. ^ "CiU refuerza su ventaja pero no tiene garantizado poder gobernar". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 11 October 2006.
  25. ^ "RACÒMETRE (9 d'Octubre 06)" (PDF). RAC 1 (in Catalan). 9 October 2006.
  26. ^ "El Racòmetre". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 10 October 2006.
  27. ^ "Retallem Distànces". Diari de Miquel Iceta (in Catalan). 8 October 2006.
  28. ^ "Quart Racometre (2 d'octubre 2006)". Racó Català (in Catalan). 2 October 2006.
  29. ^ "Encuesta RACómetro". Foro IU (in Spanish). 5 October 2006.
  30. ^ "RACÒMETRE (25 Setembre 06)" (PDF). RAC 1 (in Catalan). 25 September 2006.
  31. ^ "Mas acentúa su ventaja sobre Montilla a un mes de las elecciones". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 24 September 2006.
  32. ^ "La desmovilización socialista da a CiU una ventaja de 11 escaños". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 21 September 2006.
  33. ^ "RACÒMETRE (18 Setembre 06)" (PDF). RAC 1 (in Catalan). 18 September 2006.
  34. ^ "CiU guanyaria les eleccions però el tripartit es podria reeditar, segons un sondeig de RAC-1". Racó Català (in Catalan). 13 September 2006.
  35. ^ "Mas inicia por delante de Montilla la carrera a la presidencia de la Generalitat". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 23 July 2006.
  36. ^ "El PSC supera a CiU y Maragall es el líder catalán más valorado". El País (in Spanish). 11 June 2006.
  37. ^ "Informe Encuesta Cataluña. Estatuto Catalán. Junio 2006" (PDF). Instituto Opina (in Spanish). 11 June 2006.
  38. ^ "CiU se despega del PSC y le aventaja en cuatro puntos". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 9 June 2006.
  39. ^ "El PSC ganaría las elecciones autonómicas en Cataluña, según el Pulsómetro". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 12 June 2006.
  40. ^ "TOTAL CATALUÑA: Elecciones Autonómicas. Encuesta 12/06/06". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 12 June 2006.
  41. ^ "Socialistas y CiU empatarían hoy en las urnas con el 32% de los votos". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 21 May 2006.
  42. ^ "Los nacionalistas superan por segunda vez consecutiva a los socialistas". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 23 April 2006.
  43. ^ "El PSC se recupera y cobra una ligera ventaja". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 2 April 2006.
  44. ^ "CiU obtendría ahora el 31,5% de los votos, frente al 30,7% del PSC". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 13 February 2006.
  45. ^ "CiU se pone ligeramente por delante del PSC a los dos años del tripartito". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 20 December 2005.
  46. ^ "Esquerra pide una "reflexión" al tripartito tras el último barómetro". El País (in Spanish). 3 December 2005.
  47. ^ "La mayoría cree que Maragall no debió abrir la crisis". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 14 November 2005.
  48. ^ "El PSC sigue por delante, pero CiU recorta distancias en un mapa electoral estable". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 9 October 2005.
  49. ^ "PSC y CiU siguen empatados a votos". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 9 October 2005.
  50. ^ "El PSC mantiene al alza la distancia con CiU pese a la nota regular del tripartito". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 24 July 2005.
  51. ^ "PSC y CiU incrementan el apoyo del 2003 y continúan empatados". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 11 July 2005.
  52. ^ "El PSC y CiU empatarían de celebrarse ahora las elecciones". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 1 May 2005.
  53. ^ "El PSC amplía su ventaja sobre CiU". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 13 March 2005.
  54. ^ "El PSC aventaja a CiU en 3,1 puntos en la estimación de voto". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 31 January 2005.
  55. ^ "El PSC se despega ligeramente de CiU". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 16 November 2004.
  56. ^ "El PSC ganaría las elecciones con una ventaja de 2,8 puntos sobre CiU". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 11 October 2004.
  57. ^ "El PSC ganaría las elecciones al Parlament con tres puntos más". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 19 July 2004.
  58. ^ "El PSC aumentaría la ventaja sobre CiU en las autonómicas". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 27 April 2004.
Other
  1. ^ a b "El Estatut sale adelante con el 74% del voto, pero la participación no llega al 50%". El Mundo (in Spanish). 19 June 2006. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  2. ^ "Cataluña vota a favor del Estatuto de forma rotunda, pese a una abstención del 50,59%". Cinco Días (in Spanish). 19 June 2006. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  3. ^ "Maragall renuncia a la reelección para facilitar el relevo generacional del PSC". El País (in Spanish). 19 June 2006. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d "Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 2006". Organic Law No. 6 of 19 July 2006. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d "Organic Act 6/2006 of the 19th July, on the Reform of the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia" (PDF). parlament.cat. Parliament of Catalonia. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  6. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  7. ^ "Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 1979". Organic Law No. 4 of 18 December 1979. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  8. ^ "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  9. ^ "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  10. ^ "Montilla, elegido candidato del PSC a la Generalitat con el 98% de los votos". El País. 16 July 2006. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  11. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 2006". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  12. ^ a b "Parliament of Catalonia election results, 1 November 2006" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Central Electoral Commission. 13 December 2006. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  13. ^ a b c "Parliament of Catalonia elections since 1980". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 24 September 2017.