2008 United States presidential election in Maryland

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United States presidential election in Maryland, 2008

← 2004 November 4, 2008 2012 →
  Obama portrait crop.jpg John McCain official portrait 2009.jpg
Nominee Barack Obama John McCain
Party Democratic Republican
Home state Illinois Arizona
Running mate Joe Biden Sarah Palin
Electoral vote 10 0
Popular vote 1,629,467 959,862
Percentage 61.92% 36.47%

Maryland presidential election results 2008.svg
County Results

President before election

George W. Bush
Republican

Elected President

Barack Obama
Democratic

The 2008 United States presidential election in Maryland took place on November 4, 2008, and was part of the 2008 United States presidential election. Voters chose 10 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Maryland was won by Democratic nominee Barack Obama by a 25.4% margin of victory. Prior to the election, all 17 news organizations considered this a state Obama would win, or otherwise considered as a safe blue state. The Old Line State has voted for the Democratic presidential candidate of every election since 1992. In 2008, Obama easily captured the state's 10 electoral votes in a landslide victory, winning 61.92% of the popular vote to Republican John McCain's 36.47%.

Primaries[edit]

Campaign[edit]

Predictions[edit]

There were 16 news organizations who made state-by-state predictions of the election. Here are their last predictions before election day:

Polling[edit]

Obama won every single pre-election poll, each by a double-digit margin of victory and at least 51% of the vote. The final 3 polls averaged Obama leading 54% to 38%.[14]

Fundraising[edit]

John McCain raised a total of $3,439,120 in the state. Barack Obama raised $19,091,136.[15]

Advertising and visits[edit]

Obama spent $257,582 while McCain spent nothing.[16] Both tickets visited the state once.[17]

Analysis[edit]

Voting taking place at a Maryland polling station

Maryland has supported the Democratic nominee in each of the last five presidential elections by an average margin of 15.4%. In 1980, it was one of only six states to vote for Democrat Jimmy Carter over Republican Ronald Reagan. It has only supported a Republican five times since Truman--the Republican landslides of 1952, 1956, 1972, 1984 and 1988.

Maryland is often among the Democratic nominees' best states. In 1992, Bill Clinton fared better in Maryland than any other state except his home state of Arkansas. In 1996, Maryland was Clinton's sixth best, in 2000 Maryland ranked fourth for Al Gore and in 2004 John Kerry showed his fifth best performance in Maryland.

Republican presidential candidates typically win more counties by running up huge margins in western Maryland and the Eastern Shore. However, they are usually swamped by the heavily Democratic Baltimore-Washington, D.C. axis, which casts almost 75 percent of the state's vote. The state's four largest county-level jurisdictions--Montgomery, Prince George's and Baltimore counties and the City of Baltimore—are strongly Democratic. These areas, which contain 1.5 million voters combined, make it extremely difficult for a Republican to win Maryland. Even in bad years for Democrats, a Republican usually has to run the table in the rest of the state and win either Montgomery, Prince George's or Baltimore counties to have a realistic chance of carrying the state. In 1984, for instance, Ronald Reagan only carried Maryland by crushing Walter Mondale in Baltimore County and narrowly winning Montgomery. In 1988, George H. W. Bush ran up a 42,300-vote margin in Baltimore County over Michael Dukakis--almost 85 percent of his statewide margin of 49,800 votes.

The 2008 election was no exception. Barack Obama won the state's 10 electoral votes in 2008 with 61.92% of the vote to John McCain's 36.47%. Obama carried Montgomery, Prince George's, Baltimore County and Baltimore City with 71.6%, 88.9%, 56.2 and 87.2% of the vote, respectively. Obama's combined 550,000-vote margin in these four areas would have been enough to carry the state. While McCain won more counties, the only large county he won was Anne Arundel County, home to the state capital, Annapolis.

Both of Maryland's U.S. Senators and seven of its eight U.S. Representatives in Congress are Democrats, and Democrats hold supermajorities in the state Senate and House of Delegates. The state has elected only five Republican governors since 1900.

U.S. Representative Steny Hoyer, a Democrat who represents Maryland's 5th Congressional District, was elected as House Majority Leader for the 110th Congress of the U.S. House of Representatives and 111th Congress, serving in that post since January 2007.

While Maryland is a Democratic Party stronghold, its best known political figure is perhaps a Republican – former Governor Spiro Agnew, who served as Vice President under Richard M. Nixon. He was Vice President from 1969 to 1973, when he resigned in the aftermath of revelations that he had taken bribes while he was Governor of Maryland. In late 1973, a court found Agnew guilty of violating tax laws.

In 2008, Democrats picked up a U.S. House an open seat in Maryland's 1st Congressional District as Democrat Frank M. Kratovil, Jr. defeated Republican Andy Harris by less than a 1-percent margin of victory.

As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Kent County voted for the Democratic candidate.

Results[edit]

United States presidential election in Maryland, 2008[18]
Party Candidate Running mate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic Barack Obama Joe Biden 1,629,467 61.92% 10
Republican John McCain Sarah Palin 959,862 36.47% 0
Independent Ralph Nader Matt Gonzalez 14,713 0.56% 0
Libertarian Bob Barr Wayne Allyn Root 9,842 0.44% 0
Independent Write-in candidates 9,043 0.34% 0
Green Cynthia McKinney Rosa Clemente 4,747 0.18% 0
Constitution Chuck Baldwin Darrell Castle 3,760 0.14% 0
America's Independent Alan Keyes (write-in) Brian Rohrbough 103 0.00% 0
Unaffiliated Donald Kenneth Allen (write-in) Christopher Borcik 17 0.56% 0
Democratic Blaine Taylor (write-in) n/a 12 0.00% 0
Socialist USA Brian Moore (write-in) Stewart Alexander 10 0.00% 0
Totals 2,631,596 100.00% 10
Voter turnout (Voting age population) 62.4%

Results breakdown[edit]

By county[edit]

County Obama% Obama# McCain% McCain# Others% Others# Total
Allegany County 35.95% 10,693 61.88% 18,405 2.17% 644 29,742
Anne Arundel County 48.15% 125,015 49.95% 129,682 1.90% 4,922 259,619
Baltimore County 56.22% 214,151 41.66% 158,714 2.12% 8,073 380,938
Calvert County 46.07% 20,299 52.42% 23,095 1.50% 663 44,057
Caroline County 37.61% 4,971 60.64% 8,015 1.76% 232 13,218
Carroll County 33.11% 28,060 64.30% 54,503 2.59% 2,197 84,760
Cecil County 41.57% 17,665 56.14% 23,855 2.29% 974 42,494
Charles County 62.22% 43,635 36.69% 25,732 1.08% 760 70,127
Dorchester County 45.25% 6,912 53.48% 8,168 1.27% 194 15,274
Frederick County 48.58% 54,013 49.62% 55,170 1.80% 2,003 111,186
Garrett County 29.02% 3,736 69.17% 8,903 1.81% 233 12,872
Harford County 39.38% 48,552 58.19% 71,751 2.43% 2,992 123,295
Howard County 59.99% 87,120 38.14% 55,393 1.87% 2,720 145,233
Kent County 49.43% 4,953 48.95% 4,905 1.62% 162 10,020
Montgomery County 71.58% 314,444 27.00% 118,608 1.41% 6,209 439,261
Prince George's County 88.87% 332,396 10.38% 38,833 0.75% 2,797 374,026
Queen Anne's County 35.66% 8,575 62.74% 15,087 1.59% 383 24,045
Somerset County 48.16% 4,779 50.76% 5,037 1.09% 108 9,924
St. Mary's County 42.84% 19,023 55.63% 24,705 1.53% 681 44,409
Talbot County 44.45% 9,035 54.09% 10,995 1.47% 298 20,328
Washington County 42.61% 26,245 55.47% 34,169 1.93% 1,186 61,600
Wicomico County 46.44% 19,436 52.20% 21,849 1.36% 569 41,854
Worcester County 41.59% 11,374 57.07% 15,607 1.33% 365 27,346
Baltimore City 87.16% 214,385 11.66% 28,681 1.18% 2,902 245,968

By congressional district[edit]

Barack Obama carried six of Maryland’s eight congressional districts, all held by Democrats. John McCain carried two congressional districts, the only one held by a Republican and one that was won by a Democrat in 2008.

District McCain Obama Representative
1st 58.26% 39.81% Wayne Gilchrest (110th Congress)
Frank M. Kratovil, Jr. (111th Congress)
2nd 38.25% 59.84% Dutch Ruppersberger
3rd 39.23% 58.78% John Sarbanes
4th 14.16% 85.06% Albert Wynn (110th Congress)
Donna Edwards (111th Congress)
5th 33.30% 65.44% Steny Hoyer
6th 57.65% 40.19% Roscoe Bartlett
7th 19.89% 78.79% Elijah Cummings
8th 24.70% 73.88% Chris Van Hollen

Electors[edit]

Technically the voters of Maryland cast their ballots for electors: representatives to the Electoral College. Maryland is allocated 10 electors because it has 8 congressional districts and 2 senators. All candidates who appear on the ballot or qualify to receive write-in votes must submit a list of 10 electors, who pledge to vote for their candidate and his or her running mate. Whoever wins the majority of votes in the state is awarded all 10 electoral votes. Their chosen electors then vote for president and vice president. Although electors are pledged to their candidate and running mate, they are not obligated to vote for them.[19] An elector who votes for someone other than his or her candidate is known as a faithless elector.

The electors of each state and the District of Columbia met on December 15, 2008, to cast their votes for president and vice president. The Electoral College itself never meets as one body. Instead the electors from each state and the District of Columbia met in their respective capitols.

The following were the members of the Electoral College from the state. All 10 were pledged to Barack Obama and Joe Biden:[20]

  1. Gene M. Ransom III
  2. Delores Kelley
  3. Guy Guzzone
  4. Nathaniel Exum
  5. Chris Reynolds
  6. Bobby Fouche
  7. Elizabeth Bobo
  8. Michael Barnes
  9. Susan Lee
  10. Rainier Harvey, Sr.

References[edit]

  1. ^ D.C.'s Political Report: The complete source for campaign summaries
  2. ^ Presidential | The Cook Political Report Archived May 5, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Adnaan (2008-09-20). "Track the Electoral College vote predictions". The Takeaway. Archived from the original on April 22, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-14.
  4. ^ Electoral-vote.com: President, Senate, House Updated Daily
  5. ^ a b c d Based on Takeaway
  6. ^ POLITICO's 2008 Swing State Map - POLITICO.com
  7. ^ RealClearPolitics - Electoral Map
  8. ^ "CQ Presidential Maps, 2008". CQ Politics. Archived from the original on 29 October 2008. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  9. ^ "Electoral College Map". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-26.
  10. ^ "October – 2008 – CNN Political Ticker - CNN.com Blogs". CNN. Retrieved 2010-05-26.
  11. ^ "Winning the Electoral College". Fox News. 2010-04-27.
  12. ^ roadto270
  13. ^ Election 2008: Electoral College Update - Rasmussen Reports™
  14. ^ Election 2008 Polls - Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections
  15. ^ Presidential Campaign Finance
  16. ^ "Map: Campaign Ad Spending - Election Center 2008 from CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 2010-05-26.
  17. ^ "Map: Campaign Candidate Visits - Election Center 2008 from CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 2010-05-26.
  18. ^ "Maryland State Board of Elections". Retrieved 2008-12-12.
  19. ^ "Electoral College". California Secretary of State. Archived from the original on October 30, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  20. ^ Maryland State Board of Elections

See also[edit]